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United States Marine Corps and Navy military ribbon descriptions.

 

Afghanistan Campaign

a. Authorization. E.O. 13363 of 29 November 2004, as amended by Public Law 109-163.

b. Eligibility Requirements

(1) Service by military personnel in direct support of Operation ENDURING FREEDOM (OEF), in the designated area of eligibility (AOE), which encompasses the entire land area of the country of Afghanistan, and all air space above the land. The period of eligibility is 11 September 2001 to a date to be determined. Effective 1 May 2005, the Afghanistan Campaign Medal (ACM) is the only award authorized for service in the Afghanistan AOE. See paragraph 14(f) below for guidelines to determine eligibility for the Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal (GWOTEM) and ACM prior to 1 May 2005.

(2) Service members must have been assigned, attached, or mobilized to units operating in the AOE for 30 consecutive or 60 non-consecutive days, or meet one of the following criteria:

(a) Be engaged in actual combat during an armed engagement, regardless of time in the AOE.

(b) Be wounded, killed, or injured requiring medical evacuation from the AOE, while participating in an operation or on official duties. Non-combat medical evacuation meets the qualification criteria.

(c) Participate as a regularly assigned aircrew member flying sorties into, out of, within, or over the AOE in direct support of military operations. Each day that one or more sorties are flown, into, out of, within, or over the AOE shall count as one day toward the 30 or 60-day requirement.

c. Subsequent Awards. There will be no subsequent awards of the ACM; therefore, service stars are not authorized.

d. Awarding Authority

(1) Navy Personnel. Commanding officers exercising Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal authority are authorized to award the ACM. Commands shall make the appropriate service record entries and issue the medals. The miniature bronze Fleet Marine Force Combat Operation emblem may be authorized for qualified Navy personnel who have engaged in actual combat;

(2) Marine Corps Personnel. Unit commanders are authorized to issue the ACM to personnel assigned to their command who meet the eligibility criteria.

(3) Navy personnel attached to DoD, Joint, or other non- DON commands who believe they meet the eligibility criteria should have their command confirm eligibility and submit the
appropriate service record documentation. Marines shall submit confirming documentation to their administrative chain of command for recording in MCTFS and entry into their Official
Military Personnel File.

e. Participating Unit Lists. Navy Commanding Officers whose units meet the criteria for the ACM must submit their unit name with start and end dates in the AOE to CNO (DNS-35). Email a scanned PDF copy of the signed request to navyawards@navy.mil, using "ACM participating unit (your unit name)" as the subject line. CNO (DNS-35) will post a list of qualified units on the Navy Awards Website. Future command input will be via command direct entry into the CESMEL (Campaign, Expeditionary, and Service Medal Eligibility List) section of NDAWS. This change will be announced via a NAVADMIN. Marine Corps unit commanders are not required to submit lists of participating units.
Air Medal

a. Authorization. E.O. 9158 of 11 May 1942, as amended by E.O. 9242-A of 11 September 1942.

b. Eligibility Requirements. In adjudging the appropriate awards for the various members of a flight crew, the pilot responsible for flying the aircraft is sometimes eligible for a higher award than other members of the flight crew. However, in a two-seat aircraft where the pilot and crewmember constitute a team, and function as an integral part of the weapons system, both would generally be eligible for the same award. A crewmember other than the pilot should not be precluded from receiving a higher award if circumstances so indicate. Each case will be considered of its own merits. The Air Medal may be awarded in two categories:

(1) Individual Award. Awarded to individuals who, while serving in any capacity with the Armed Forces of the United States, distinguish themselves by heroic or meritorious achievement while participating in aerial flight, under flight orders. Gold Arabic numerals (5/16 inch) are worn to denote total number of Individual awards of the Air Medal. Numerals are positioned to the wearer's right on the ribbon bar and suspension ribbon. The Combat Distinguishing Device may be authorized for Individual Air Medals after 4 April 1974.

(2) Strike/Flight Award. Awarded to individuals who, while serving in any capacity with the Armed Forces of the United States, distinguish themselves by meritorious achievement while participating in sustained aerial flight operations, under flight orders. Bronze Arabic numerals (5/16 inch) are worn to denote the total number of Strike/Flight awards. Numerals are positioned to the wearer's left on the ribbon bar and suspension ribbon. Strike/Flight awards may only be approved within the parameters (area, dates, etc.) established by SECNAV; delegated authority of this award is specific in nature and always in writing.

(a) Definitions

1 Strike. Those sorties that deliver ordnance against the enemy, insert or extract assault personnel, or engage in Search and Rescue (SAR) operations that encounter enemy opposition.

2 Flight. Those sorties that deliver ordnance against the &terny, insert or extract assault personnel, or engage in SAR operations that encounter no enemy opposition.

3 Direct Combat Support Mission. Those missions which may include reconnaissance, combat air patrol, electronic countermeasures (ECM) support, psychological warfare, patrol operations in support of coastal surveillance, etc., which do not necessarily involve delivery of ordnance against the enemy, inserting or extracting assault personnel, or
engaging in SAR operations. However, direct combat support missions that encounter enemy opposition equivalent to that encountered by a strike, should be considered as a strike sortie. Examples are photo reconnaissance, combat air patrol, and electronic counter-measures aircraft that are endangered by anti-aircraft artillery (AAA) or surface to air missiles (SAMs). Administrative and logistical flights between established airbases or secure areas and/or ships are not considered to be direct combat support sorties.

4 Awarding authorities are authorized to deviate from the above criteria, when appropriate, with due regard to hazard and exposure incurred in sustained aerial flight operations.

(b) Periods for Award of Strike/Flight Air Medals. Appendix D to this chapter lists the areas in which Strike/Flight Air Medals may be authorized.

(c) Requirements. The award of the Air Medal on a ~trike/Flight basis shall require 20 points.

1 10 strikes (1 strike = 2 points); or
2 20 flights (1 flight = 1 point); or
3 50 missions (1 mission = .4 points); or
4 250 flight hours in direct combat support missions that do not encounter enemy opposition (25 hours = 2 points) ; or

5 A combination of these, using the appropriate ratios, e . g . :

3 strikes = 6 points
8 flights = 8 points
*10 missions = 4 points
25 hours = 2 points
20 total points = 1 S/F AM

*Note: Time flown on 'missions' are not counted as 'hours'.

(d) Special Provisions

1 Only personnel participating in aerial flight, under competent flight orders, are eligible to receive the Strike/Flight award of the Air Medal. The Combat Distinguishing Device (Combat 'V") may not be authorized for Strike/Flight Air Medals.

2 Award of an Individual Air Medal, or other personal decoration for a particular sortie, does not preclude that sortie from counting toward eligibility for a Strike/Flight award of the Air Medal.

3 Officers of the rank of captain/colonel or above shall not beeligible for the award of the Air Medal on a Strike/Flight basis, unless the sorties involved were actually required in the performance of their regular duties. Recommendations involving officers in this category, regardless of the current extent of delegated awarding authority, shall be forwarded via the chain of command to SECNAV for approval.

Following are the geographic areas and time periods during which personnel may have been eligible to earn Strike/Flight awards of the Air Medal:


Vietnam 4 Jul 65 - 28 Mar 73
Grenada 23 Oct - 2 Nov 83
Lebanon 1 Oct 83 - 31 Oct 84
Libya Mar - Apr 86
Operation PRAYING MANTIS 18 - 19 Apr 88
Panama 20 Dec 89 - 31 Jan 90
Operation DESERT STORM 17 Jan- 28 Feb 91
Operation SOUTHERN WATCH Aug 92 - 18 Mar 03
Operation DENY FLIGHT 1 Jul 92 - 20 Dec 95
Operation JOINT ENDEAVOR 15 Dec 95 - 16 Dec 96
Kosovo 24 Mar 99 - TBD
Operation ENDURING FREEDOM 11 Sep 01 - TBD
Operation IRAQI FREEDOM 19 Mar 03 - TBD


Note: The operational commander receives specific delegated Air Medal (Strike/Flight) awarding authority from SECNAV. Specifications for each area of operations must be adhered to
American Campaign

Authorized by Executive Order 9265, as amended (reference (gggg)).

Awarded to Service members serving outside the CONUS in the American Theater for at least 30 days between December 7, 1941 and March 2, 1946, or who served during that period for an aggregate period of 1 year in the CONUS.

Service stars were authorized for both U.S. Army and U.S. Navy Service members to indicate participation in certain engagements with the enemy.

Boundaries of the American Theater are as follows:

Eastern Boundary. From the North Pole, south along the 75th meridian west longitude to the 77th parallel north latitude, thence southeast through the Davis Strait to the intersection of the 40th parallel north latitude and the 35th meridian west longitude, thence south along the meridian to the 10th parallel north latitude, thence southeast to the intersection of the equator and the 20th meridian west longitude, thence south along the 20th meridian west longitude to the South Pole.

Western Boundary. From the North Pole, south along the 141st meridian west longitude to the east boundary of Alaska, thence south and southeast along the Alaska boundary to the Pacific Ocean, thence south along the 130th meridian to its intersection with the 30th parallel north latitude, thence southeast to the intersection of the equator and the 100th meridian west longitude, thence south to the South Pole.
American Defense

Authorized by Executive Order 8808 (reference (dddd)). Promulgated by War Department Bulletin 17 and Navy Department General Orders No. 172.

Awarded to all U.S. Navy and U.S. Marine Corps Service members who served on active duty at any time between September 8, 1939 and December 7, 1941. Service members in the U.S. Army were required to have had served for a period of at least 12 months.

Recipients of the American Defense Service Medal, depending on the circumstances, were authorized to wear certain devices with the award.

Service Clasps

Foreign Service. Awarded to U.S. Army Service members for service outside the continental United States (CONUS), as crew members of a vessel sailing ocean waters, flights over ocean waters, or as an assigned member of an organization stationed outside the CONUS.

Fleet Clasp. Awarded to U.S. Navy, U.S. Marine Corps, and U.S. Coast Guard Service members for military service on the high seas while regularly attached to any vessel or aircraft squadron in the Atlantic, Pacific, or Asiatic Fleets, to include vessels operating directly under the Chief of Naval Operations.

Base Clasp. Awarded to U.S. Navy, U.S. Marine Corps, and U.S. Coast Guard Service members for military service on shore at bases and naval stations outside the United States, including military service in Alaska and Hawaii.

Service Star. Possession of a service clasp is denoted by wearing of a bronze star on the service ribbon of the American Defense Service Medal. The star may not be worn if the letter "A" device is authorized.

Letter "A" Device. A bronze letter "A" is authorized for those Service members who served on board vessels operating in actual or potential belligerent contact with Axis Forces in the Atlantic Ocean between June 22 and December 7, 1941.
Antatctica Service

a. Authorization. P.L. 86-600 of 7 July 1960.

b. Eligibility Requirements. Subsequent to 1 January 1946 until a date to be determined, each person who meets the qualifications of any of the subparagraphs below shall be eligible to receive the award. For the purpose of this paragraph, Antarctica is defined as the area south of latitude 60 degrees south.

(1) Any member of the U.S. Armed Forces or civilian citizen, national or resident alien of the United States who participates in scientific, direct support, or exploration operations in Antarctica as a member of a U.S. expedition.

(2) Any member of the U.S. Armed Forces or civilian citizen, national or resident alien of the United States who participates in a foreign Antarctic expedition, in coordination with a U.S. Antarctic expedition, and who is under the sponsorship and approval of competent U.S. government authority.

(3) Any member of the U.S. Armed Forces who participates in flights as a crew member of an aircraft flying to or from the Antarctic Continent, in support of operations in Antarctica.

(4) Any member of the U.S. Armed Forces or civilian citizen, national or resident alien of the United States who serves in a United States ship operating south of latitude 60 degrees south, in support of U.S. programs in Antarctica.

(5) The Secretary of the Department, under whose cognizance the expedition falls, may approve the award for any person, including a citizen of a foreign nation, who does not fulfill the qualifications under subparagraphs (1) through (4) above, or the following paragraphs establishing the time requirements of participation, but who participates in a U.S. Antarctic expedition at the invitation of a participating U.S. agency, provided the commander of the military support force, as senior U.S. representative in Antarctica, determines that the individual shared the hardships and hazards of the expedition, and that his/her service was outstanding and exceptional.

(6) Prior to 1 June 1973, there is no period of service requirement for award eligibility. Beginning 1 June 1973, the requirement is 30 days under competent orders to duty at sea or ashore, south of latitude 60 degrees south. Days do not have to be consecutive. The following exceptions apply:

(a) Each day of duty under competent orders at any remote, outlying station on the Antarctic Continent will count as two days when determining award eligibility.

(b) Effective 1 July 1987, flight crews of aircraft providing logistics support from outside the Antarctic area may earn the medal based on 15 missions into the area. One "mission" consists of one flight in and one flight out of the area. When an aircrew is required to remain overnight due to weather or other circumstances, members earn one day for each actual day spent in the area of eligibility (AOE). A combination of missions flown and days in the AOE may be used to establish award eligibility, with one mission equal to two days.

c. Medal Attachments

(1) Clasps. Personnel who stay on the Antarctic Continent during the winter months shall be eligible to wear a bronze clasp with the words 'Wintered Over" on the suspension ribbon of the large medal only. A gold clasp is authorized for the second wintering over period, and a silver clasp is worn to denote the third or subsequent wintering over period. Not more than one clasp shall be worn on the suspension ribbon of the medal. The winter period is from mid-March to early October. The summer period is from early October to mid-March.

(2) Disks. The first wintering over eligibility will be denoted by a 5/16-inch bronze disk with an outline of the Antarctic Continent inscribed thereon worn on the miniature medal suspension ribbon or ribbon bar representing the medal. (Disk is worn with peninsula pointing up.) A gold disk will represent the second wintering over period. A silver disk will represent the third or subsequent wintering over period. Not more than one disk shall be worn on the ribbon bar.

d. Awarding Authority. CNO (DNS-35) is the awarding authority and maintains the list of eligible ships and units. e. Subsequent Awards. Subsequent awards are not. authorized.
Arctic Service

Authorized by the Secretary of the Navy, June 3, 198

Awarded to U.S. Navy and Marine Corps officers and enlisted personnel or civilian citizens, national or resident aliens of the United States, who participate in operations in support of the Arctic Warfare Program.

Minimum time limits for the award are 28 days, consecutive or nonconsecutive, above the arctic circle. For personnel working at remote ice camps and divers working under the ice, each day of duty shall count as two days when determining award eligibility.

This award is retroactive to January 1, 1982. There are no provisions for subsequent awards.
Armed Forces Expeditionary
a. Authorization. E.O. 10977 of 4 December 1961.

b. Eligibility Requirements (1) Personnel. Awarded to personnel of the U. S. Armed Forces who, after 1 July 1958:

(a) Participate as members of U.S. military units in a U.S. military operation in which personnel of any military department participate in significant numbers, in the opinion of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) .

(b) Encounter, during such participation, foreign armed opposition, or are otherwise placed in such position that hostile action by foreign armed forces was imminent, in the opinion of the JCS, even though such hostile action did not materialize.

(2) Categories of Operations. The Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal (AFEM) may be authorized for three categories of operations:

(a) U.S. military operations.

(b) U.S. operations in direct support of the United Nations.

(c) U.S. operations of assistance to friendly foreign nations.

(3) Definitions

(a) The "Area of Operations" is defined as:

1 The foreign territory upon which U.S. Armed Forces have actually landed, or are present, and specifically deployed for the direct support of the designated military operation.

2 Adjacent water areas in which U.S. ships are operating, or providing direct support of operations.

3 The airspace above and adjacent to the area in which operationsare being conducted. Ships and units present in an area solely for training purposes are not eligible for the award.

(b) 'Direct Support" is defined as furnishing fire, patrol, guard, reconnaissance or other military support, and the supply by ground units, ships and aircraft, of services and/or supplies and equipment to combat forces in the area of operations, provided such support involves actually entering the designated area.

(4) Degree of Participation. Personnel must be bona fide members of a unit engaged in the operation, or meet one or more of the following criteria:

(a) Serve not less than 30 consecutive days in the area of operations.

(b) Engage in direct support of the operation for 30 consecutive days or 60 non-consecutive days, provided such support involves entering the area of operations.

(c) Serve for the full period when an operation is less than 30 days.

(d) Engage in actual combat or duty equally as hazardous as combat duty, during an operation against armed opposition, regardless of time in the area.

(e) Participate as a regularly assigned crewmember of an aircraft flying into, out of, within or over the area in support of the military operation.

(f) Be recommended or attached to a unit recommended for the award by the appropriate Combatant Commander, although the criteria above may not have been fulfilled.

(g) Personnel are entitled to the award if they were attached to or served onboard a ship or unit for at least one day during the period(s) for which that ship or unit is listed as eligible. This includes personnel attached to a squadron or unit embarked in a ship during the period(s) for which that ship is listed as eligible. Members of rear echelons, transients, observers and personnel assigned for short periods of TAD and training duty are normally not eligible for the award; however, consideration will be given in those instances where the cognizant commander certifies a particular and significant contribution by an individual. Such certification should be submitted to CNO/CMC, via the fleet commander who exercised operational control in the area involved.

(5) Eligible Operations. Appendix A to this chapter contains the operations designated by JCS as qualifying for the AFEM .

(6) Eligible Ships and Units. Ships and units present in an area solely for training purposes, or transiting the area are not eligible for the award. Squadrons or units embarked in a ship during the period for which that ship is listed as eligible are automatically eligible for the medal.

(7) Limitations. The AFEM shall be awarded only for operations for which no other U.S. campaign medal is approved. However, this does not preclude AFEM eligibility for subsequent on-going operations if the associated campaign medal has been terminated. No individual shall be eligible for both the AFEM and a campaign medal during a single tour or deployment in the designated operation. For operations in which personnel of only one military department participate, the medal shall be awarded only if there is no other suitable award available to that department. In the case of an operation in which Navy and Marine Corps units were the sole participants and another campaign medal has not been authorized, the Navy Expeditionary
Medal and Marine Corps Expeditionary Medal shall be considered the more appropriate awards for the Naval personnel assigned or attached to the participating units.

(8) Election of AFEM or Vietnam Service Medal. The AFEM shall not be issued for service in Vietnam,after 3 July 1965. Personnel who earned the AFEM for service in Vietnam during the period 1 July 1958 to 3 July 1965, inclusive, may elect to receive the Vietnam Service Medal in lieu of the AFEM. No individual may be issued both medals for service in Vietnam during the period 1 July 1958 to 28 March 1973.

(9) Election of the AFEM or the Navy Expeditionary Medal/Marine Corps Expeditionary Medal. Members of the Naval service may elect one expeditionary medal for the following operations:

Lebanon 25 Aug 82
Libya 20 Jan 86 to 27 Jun 96
Persian Gulf 24 Jul 87 to 01Aug 90
Panama 20 Dec 89 to 31 Jan 90

c. Approval of Operations. The JCS shall designate operations that qualify for the AFEM. Recommendations for military operations to be designated shall be submitted through joint channels to the JCS.

d. Subsequent Awards. Service stars are authorized for participation in each subsequent operation. Participation in two or more engagements within the same operation does - not entitle the individual to wear a service star on the AFEM.

ARMED FORCES EXPEDITIONARY MEDAL ELIGIBILITY PERIODS


The Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) have designated the following operations as eligible for award of the Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal (AFEM)

1. U.S. Military Operations

a. Lebanon: 1 Jul to 1 Nov 58. The area is composed of the adjacent water area defined as that portion of the Mediterranean Sea east of 31E longitude.

b. Quemoy and Matsu Islands: 23 Aug 58 to 1 Jun 63. The area is composed of the water area 21N to 26N and 116E to 121E.

c. Taiwan Straits: 23 Aug 58 to 1 Jan 59. The area is composed of the water area from 19N to 28N between 117E and 123E.

d. Berlin: 14 Aug 61 to 1 Jun 63, including the city of West Berlin.

e. Cuba: 24 Oct 62 to 1 Jun 63. Although JCS established the terminal date of Cuban operations as 1 Jun 63, no Navy/Marine Corps units are considered eligible after 31 Dec 62. The area of eligibility includes the water area between 12N and 28N latitudes and 66W and 84W longitudes.

f. Congo: 23 to 27 Nov 64. The area is composed of the land and water area of the Congo.

g. Dominican Republic: 28 Apr 65 to 21 Sep 66. The area is composed of the contiguous water and airspace within the following boundaries: from the point 17N, 75W eastward to 17N, 67-45W; thence northward to 20-25N, 73-35W; thence southwestward to 18-40N, 75W; thence south to the initial point at 17N, 75W.

h. Korea: 1 Oct 66 to 30 Jun 74. This area includes the entire land mass of the Republic of Korea and the waters and air space enclosed by the following boundaries: from a point located at 32N on the coast of China, east to 32N by 129-203; thence northeastward to 36N by 134E; thence north to the coast of the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR); thence along the coastline of the USSR, Korea, and China to the initial point.

i. Cambodia Evacuation (Operation EAGLE PULL): 11 to 13 Apr 75.

j. Vietnam Evacuation (Operation FREQUENT WIND): 29 to 30 Apr 75.

k. Mayaguez Operation: 15 May 75.

1. Grenada Operation: 23 Oct to 21 Nov 83. The area includes the island nation of Grenada, including Grenada, Carriacou, Green, Hog, Calivigny, other outlying islands and the territorial seas of Grenada; waters adjacent to Grenada in which Atlantic Fleet ships operated in direct support of operations in Grenada; the airspace above Grenada and the adjacent sea areas where the operations were conducted; and the Grantley Adams International Airport, Barbados.

m. Libya (Operation ELDORADO CANYON): 12 to 17 Apr 86. The area bounded by the following coordinates: 37N, 11E to 37N, 21E to 34N, 25E to 23N, 25E to 23N, 11E to 37N, 11E.

n. Panama (Operation JUST CAUSE): 20 Dec 89 to 31 Jan 90. The total land area of Panama, including internal waters, territorial seas, and airspace thereover.

o. Haiti (Operation UPHOLD DEMOCRACY): 16 Sep 94 to 31 Mar 95. The area of operations consists of the total land area, sea, and air space defined by the following coordinates:
16-30N, 71-40W; 18-OON, 71-45W; along the Haitian-Dominican Republic Border to 20-OON, 71-44W; 21-OON, 71-40W; 21-25N/73- OOW; 21-25N, 74-00W; 20-OON, 74-00W; 19-45N, 75-00W; 19-OON, 76- OOW; 16-30N, 76-00W; to 16-30N, 71-40W.

p. Haiti (Operation SECURE TOMORROW): 27 Feb to 15 Jun 04

2. U.S. Operations in direct support of the United Nations

a. Congo: 14 Jul 60 to 1 Sep 62. Water area from 3s to 9s between 9E and the mainland of Africa.

b. Somalia (Operations RESTORE HOPE and UNITED SHIELD): 5 Dec 92 to 31 Mar 95. The area of operations is from 20N northward to 30-30E and from 46-363 eastward to 63E.

3. U.S. Operations assisting friendly foreign nations

a. Vietnam: 1 Jul 58 to 3 Jul 65. Water areas from a point on the east coast of Vietnam at the border of Vietnam with China southeastward to 21N, 108-15E; thence southward to 18N,
108-15E; thence southeastward to 17-30N, 111E; thence southward to 11N, 111E; thence southwestward to 7N, 105E; thence westward to 7N, 103E; thence northward to 9-30N, 103E; thence northeastward to 10-15N, 104-273; thence northward to a point on the west coast of Vietnam at the border of Vietnam with Cambodia. In addition, the land area of Thailand is included.

b. Laos: 19 Apr 61 to 7 Oct 62.

c. Cambodia (land only): 29 Mar to 15 Aug 73.

d. Thailand: 29 Mar to 15 Aug 73 (only those in direct support of Cambodia operations).

e. El Salvador: 1 Jan 81 to 1 Feb 92. The total land area of El Salvador, as approved by Section 525 of the FY96 Defense Appropriations Act.

f. Lebanon: 1 Jun 83 to 1 Dec 87. JCS established the terminal date of Lebanon operations as 1 Dec 87; however, no Navy ships/units are considered to be eligible after 1 Aug 84.
Marine Security Guard personnel or other personnel serving in Lebanon may be awarded medal for the entire period.

g. Operation ERNEST WILL (Persian Gulf): 24 Jul 87 to 1 Aug 90.

h. Operation JOINT ENDEAVOR (Serbia, Montenegro, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Italy, Hungary, and the waters of the Adriatic Sea north of 60 degrees north latitude): 20 Nov 95 to
16 Dec 96.

i. Operations SOUTHERN WATCH - 1 Dec 95 to 18 Mar 03; MARITIME INTERCEPT - 1 Dec 95 to 18 Mar 03; VIGILANT SENTINEL - 1 Dec 95 to 15 Feb 97; DESERT THUNDER - 11 Nov to 22 Dec 98; DESERT FOX - 16 to 22 Dec 98; DESERT SPRING - 31 Dec 98 to 18 Mar 03; and NORTHERN WATCH - 1 Jan 97 to 18 Mar 03 (Persian Gulf/Iraq). Only one AFEM may be earned for participation in one or all of these operations. The area consists of the land area and airspace of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and Iraq and the
waters of and airspace above the Arabian Gulf west of 56E longitude. Individuals serving aboard vessels in the Red Sea in direct support of Operation SOUTHERN WATCH are also eligible for the AFEM. Service members who earned the Southwest Asia Service Medal (SWASM) and then became eligible for the AFEM in a subsequent tour are eligible for both medals. For example, an individual who earned the SWASM in 1991 and subsequently returned to the area after 1 Dec 95 may earn both awards. However, an individual who serves a single tour that spanned the transition date of 1 Dec 95 may not earn both awards. In this case, the individual may elect the AFEM or the SWASM, but may not earn both awards for a single tour. Also see paragraph m. below regarding the transition from Operation SOUTHERN WATCH to IRAQI FREEDOM.

j. Operation JOINT GUARD (Serbia, Montenegro, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Hungary, and the airspace above the Adriatic Sea north of 40 degrees north latitude): 20 Dec 96 to 20 Jun
98.

k. Operation JOINT FORGE (Bosnia-Herzegovina) : 21 Jun 98 to TBD. For service in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the Adriatic Sea, and all related air space.

1. Operation IRAQI FREEDOM: 19 Mar 03 to 30 Apr 05. Personnel who deployed in support of Operation SOUTHERN WATCH and subsequently transitioned into IRAQI FREEDOM on or after 19 March 2003 must elect to receive either the AFEM, the Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal (GWOTEM), or the Iraq Campaign Medal (ICM). Personnel who earned the AFEM for service in support of SOUTHERN WATCH on a previous tour and then became eligible for the GWOTEM or ICM in a subsequent tour may retain the AFEM and are eligible for the GWOTEM or ICM. However, an individual who served a single tour that spanned the transition date of 19 Mar 03 may - not earn both the AFEM and the GWOTEM or ICM. In this case, the individual may elect the AFEM, GWOTEM, or ICM, but may not earn more than one award for a single tour.
Armed Forces Reserve

a. Authorization. E.O. 10163 of 25 September 1950, as amended by E.O. 10439 of 19 March 1953.

b. Eligibility Requirements. Issued to any officer or enlisted member of the Reserve Components of the Armed Forces of the United States who completes a total of 10 years of honorable satisfactory service, under the following conditions:

(1) The required 10 years must have been performed within a period of 12 consecutive years.

(2) Such service shall not include service in a Regular component of the Armed Forces; however, any period of time during which Reserve service is interrupted by service in a
Regular component of the Armed Forces (including Naval Academy Midshipman service) shall not be considered a break in the said period of 12 consecutive years, but will not count as qualifying service.

(3) Any period during which Reserve service is interrupted by one or more of the following will be excluded in computing qualification time, but will not be considered as a
break in the period of 12 years:

(a) During tenure in office as any state official chosen by the voters of the entire state, territory, or possession.

(b) During tenure in office as a member of the legislative body of the United States or of any state, territory, or possession.

(c) While serving as judge of a court of record of the United States, or of any state, territory, possession, or the District of Columbia.

(4) Service in the Retired Reserve (with or without pay) or on the Inactive Status List shall not count toward eligibility.

(5) In order to achieve one year of honorable satisfactory service, a Reservist must accumulate a total of at least 50 retirement points during each anniversary year of service subsequent to 30 June 1949. All honorable service prior to 1 July 1949, active or inactive, as a member of a Reserve component of the Armed Forces, is qualifying service. The 50 required points may be accumulated by any combination of the authorized methods, such as drills, active duty, or correspondence courses. Membership points are also qualifying.

(6) After 1 July 1950, U.S. Navy Reserve Midshipmen are not eligible since they are not in a position to earn 50 points per anniversary year.

(7) Reserve Aviation Cadet time is considered to fulfill the requirements for this medal subsequent to 1 July 1950, since such Reservists are on active duty and thus earning the yearly 50 points.

(8) Navy Reserve personnel who, prior to 12 September 1958, were eligible to receive the Naval Reserve Medal, may at their election be awarded in lieu thereof the Armed Forces Reserve Medal (AFRM), provided they have met the foregoing requirements; however, both medals shall not be awarded for the same period of service.

(9) Marine Corps Reserve personnel who, prior to 17 December 1965, were eligible to receive the Marine Corps Reserve Ribbon, may at their election be awarded in lieu thereof the AFRM, provided they have met the foregoing requirements; however, both awards shall not be issued for the same period of service.

(10) Marine Corps Reserve personnel serving in an Active Reserve (AR) billet may continue to count service for the award for which they were qualifying upon entering the AR, but may not commence a new period of qualifying service.

c. Hour Glass and M Devices

(1) Upon completion of the first 10-year period, a bronze hourglass shall be awarded for the AFRM. Upon completion of the second 10-year period, a silver hourglass shall be awarded. Upon completion of the third 10-year period, a gold hourglass shall be awarded. Upon completion of the fourth 10- year period, a gold hourglass followed by a bronze shall be awarded.

(2) Executive Order 13013 authorizes the 'M" device for the AFRM for participation in designated contingency operations. Members must have been mobilized (as a unit or individual) and performed active duty on or after 1 August 1990 as follows:

(a) The member was called to active service under §12301(A), 12302, 12304, 12406 of Title 10 U.S.C. (formerly §672(A), 673, 673(B), 3500, and 8500) or Chapter 15 of Title 10 U.S.C.

(b) The member volunteered and served on active duty in support of the designated operations. Designated operations include :

DESERT SHIELD/DESERT STORM (Persian Gulf War)
RESTORE HOPE (Somalia)
UPHOLD DEMOCRACY (Haiti )
JOINT ENDEAVOR (Bosnia and surrounding areas)
DESERT FOX (Iraq)
JOINT FORGE (Bosnia and surrounding areas)
JOINT GUARD (Bosnia and surrounding areas)
ALLIED FORCE (Kosovo)
NOBLE EAGLE (U.S. Homeland Defense)
ENDURING FREEDOM (Afghanistan)
IRAQI FREEDOM (Iraq)

(c) Active Guard and Reserve members who receive orders changing their current duty status (legal authority under which they perform duty) or their duty location or assignment to
support a designated contingency operation are eligible for the award of the "M" device. All components of the Navy Reserve (i.e., Full Time Support (FTS), Active Duty for Special Work
(ADSW), One-Year Recall (OYR), and Canvasser Recruiter (CANREC)) are eligible for the 'Mu device, provided all other eligibility requirements are met.

(d) Upon qualification, a bronze 'M" shall be awarded for wear on the AFRM. A bronze numeral indicating the number of the award shall be included after the initial award. Multiple
periods of service during a specific contingency/operation shall count as only one 'M" device qualifying period (no additional numerals). In addition, only one I'M" device shall be earned for each mobilization (set of orders) even if more than one operation is supported. The ribbon is authorized upon award of the "M" device, despite having served less than 10 years.

d. Appropriate Wear of the Ribbon

(1) Only one AFRM is authorized for wear.

(2) Not entitled to 'M" device, entitled to AFRM: AFRM with appropriate bronze/silver/gold hourglass centered on the ribbon bar and suspension ribbon.

(3) Not otherwise entitled to AFRM, entitled to the 'M" device: AFRM worn with 'M" centered on the ribbon bar and suspension ribbon.

(4) Entitled to "MN device and AFRM: "M" device is centered and appropriate hourglass is to wearer's right on the ribbon bar and suspension ribbon.

(5) Entitled to numerous 'M" devices and AFRM: 'M" is centered, appropriate hour glass to wearer's right, and bronze Arabic numeral to the wearer's left on the ribbon bar and suspension ribbon. Numerals begin with the second award.

e. Awarding Authority. Commanding officers determine eligibility from service records, affidavits or upon completion of eligibility requirements at the current command, and make appropriate service record entries for enlisted personnel and issue letters of eligibility for officers. Questions regarding eligibility shall be addressed via the chain of command to CNO (DNS-35) or CMC (MMMA) , as appropriate.
Armed Forces Service

a. Authorization. E.O. 12985 of 11 January 1996.

b. Eligibility Requirements. Participate as members of U.S. military units, in a U.S. military operation deemed to be significant activity, and encounter no foreign armed opposition or imminent threat of hostile action. Personnel must be members of a unit participating in the operation for the delineated time period, within the designated area of eligibility (AOE), or meet one or more of the following criteria:

(1) Be engaged in direct support for 30 consecutive days in the AOE (or for the full period when an operation is of less than 30 days1 duration) or for 60 non-consecutive days, provided such support involves entering the AOE.

(2) Participate as a regularly assigned crewmember of an aircraft flying into, out of, within, or over the area of eligibility in support of the operation.
c. Qualifying Operations

(1) The Armed Forces Service Medal (AFSM) may be authorized for significant U.S. military activities for which no other U.S. campaign or service medal is appropriate, such as:

(a) Peacekeeping operations.

(b) Prolonged humanitarian operations.

(2) The AFSM may be awarded for U.S. military operations in direct support of the United Nations (UN) or the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and for operations of assistance to friendly foreign nations.

d. Guidelines

(1) The AFSM provides recognition to participants who deploy to the designated AOE for the qualifying operation. Non- deployed or remotely located support units and individuals are not eligible for the AFSM. Such performance may be recognized by appropriate unit and/or individual decorations.

(2) Because the AFSM may be awarded for a prolonged humanitarian operation, distinction between the AFSM and Humanitarian Service Medal (HSM) must be maintained.

(a) The HSM is an individual award, presented to individuals who are physically present at the site of immediate relief and who directly contribute to and influence the humanitarian action. The HSM is only awarded for service during the identified period of immediate relief; eligibility for the HSM terminates once the humanitarian action evolves into an established ongoing operation beyond the initial emergency condition.

(b) The AFSM is a theater award, authorized for presentation to all participants who meet eligibility requirements established for a designated operation.

(c) For operations in which all deployed participants are awarded the HSM, and for which the period of immediate relief coincides with the duration of significant deployed operations, award of the AFSM is not authorized.

(d) The AFSM may be awarded for humanitarian operations for which some (or all) participants are awarded the HSM, when the operation continued beyond the period of immediate relief.

e. Definitions

(1) Significant activity is defined as a United States military operation considered to be of such a high degree of scope, impact, and international significance as to warrant the permanent commemoration and recognition afforded by award of a campaign or service medal.

(2) Area of eligibility (AOE) is defined as follows:

(a) The foreign territory on which troops have actually landed or are present and specifically deployed for the operation.

(b) Adjacent water areas in which ships are operating, patrolling, or providing direct support of the operation.

(c) The air space above and adjacent to the area in which operations are being conducted.

(3) Direct support is defined as services being supplied to participating forces in the AOE by ground units, ships, and aircraft, provided it involves actually entering the designated
AOE. This includes units, ships, and aircraft providing logistics, patrol, guard, reconnaissance, or other military support within the AOE. f. Limitations

(1) The AFSM shall be awarded only for operations for which no other U.S. campaign or service medal is approved.

(2) For operations in which personnel of only one Military Service participate, the AFSM shall be awarded only if there is no other suitable award available to that Service.

(3) The military service of the individual to whom the AFSM is being awarded shall have been honorable.

(4) Award of the AFSM is not authorized for participation in national or international exercises.

(5) The AFSM shall not be awarded for NATO or UN operations not involving significant, concurrent U.S. military support operations.

g. Designation of Areas of Eligibility. The Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) designate U.S. military operations that qualify for the AFSM subsequent to 1 June 1992. The following operations have been designated as qualifying:

(1) Bosnia 01 Jul 92 to TBD
Total land area and airspace of the former Republic of Yugoslavia and total land area and airspace of the country of Italy, including Sicily. (

2) DENY FLIGHT 12 Apr 93 to 02 Dec 95

(3) PROVIDE PROMISE 02 Jun 92 to 15 Feb 96

(4 ) SHARP GUARD 15 Jun 93 to 20 Sep 96

( 5 ) JOINT ENDEAVOR 20 Nov 95 to 19 Dec 96

(6) PROVIDE COMFORT 01 Dec 95 to 31 Dec 96

( 7 ) JOINT GUARD 20 Dec 96 to 20 Jun 98

(8) UPHOLD DEMOCRACY (Haiti) 01 Apr 95 to 31 Jan 00
(Total land area and airspace defined by the following coordinates: 16-30~/71-40W; 18-00N/ 71-45W; along the Haitian-Dominican Republic border to 20N/71-44W; 21~/71~; 21-5~/73W; 21-25N/74~; 20N/74W; 19-45N/75W; 19~/76~; 16-30N/76~ to 16-30N/71-40W.)

( 9 ) JOINT FORGE 21 Jun 98 to TBD Service members may be awarded the Armed Forces Expeditionary ~edal (AFEM) or AFSM, but not both. The AFEM may be awarded for service in Bosnia- Herzegovina, Croatia, the Adriatic Sea, and the respective air space. The AFSM may be awarded for service elsewhere in the former Republic of Yugoslavia, Hungary, and the respective air space.

(10) Hurricanes Katrina/Rita 27 Aug 05 to 27 Feb 06

Asiatic Pacific Campaign

Authorized by Executive Order 9265, as amended (reference (gggg)).

Specific eligibility requirements are outlined in appropriate Service regulations. Awarded to Service members under one of the following conditions:

Assigned outside the CONUS in the Asiatic-Pacific Theater for at least 30 days between December 7, 1941 and March 2, 1946

Was an evader or escapee in the combat zone or recovered from a POW status in the combat zone during the time limitations of the campaign. The POWs shall not be accorded credit for the time spent in confinement or while otherwise in restraint under enemy control.

Service stars were authorized for both U.S. Army and U.S. Navy Service members to indicate participation in certain engagements with the enemy. Additionally, certain Service members may be eligible for the "Arrowhead" device. Such a device denotes participation in a combat parachute jump, combat glider landing, or amphibious assault landing.

Boundaries of the Asiatic-Pacific Theater are as follows:

Eastern Boundary. Coincident with the western boundary of the American Theater.

Western Boundary. From the North Pole south along the 60th meridian east longitude to its intersection with the east boundary of Iran, thence south along the Iranian boundary to the Gulf of Oman and the intersection of the 60th meridian east longitude, thence south along the 60th meridian east longitude to the South Pole.
Bronze Star

a. Authorization. E.O. 9419 of 4 February 1944, as amended by E.O. 11046 of 24 August 1962 and 10 U.S.C. S1133.

b. Eligibility Requirements

(1) Awarded to individuals who, while serving in any capacity with the Armed Forces of the United States, distinguish themselves, on or after 7 December 1941, by heroic or meritorious achievement or service, not involving participation in aerial flight, under the following circumstances:

(a) While engaged in an action against an enemy of the United States;

(b) While engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing foreign force; or

(c) While serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in an armed conflict against an opposing armed force in which the United States is not a belligerent party.

(2) The Bronze Star Medal may only be awarded to members of the Armed Forces who are in receipt of Imminent Danger Pay at the time of the actions or service for which they are being recognized. To merit this award, the acts or services must be performed in a manner significantly above that normally expected, and sufficient to distinguish the individual above those performing similar acts or services. The award may be authorized as follows:

(a) Heroic Achievement or Service. A single act of heroism worthy of special recognition, although not to the degree required for the Silver Star Medal, or several minor acts of heroism. An award for Heroic Service may cover an extended period of time; such award does not preclude receipt of an additional award for a specific act within that period, if warranted.

(b) Meritorious Achievement or Service in Connection with Combat Operations. A single achievement or a period of service worthy of special recognition, although not to the degree required for the Legion of Merit. An award for Meritorious Service may cover an extended period of time; such award does not preclude receipt of an additional award for a specific act within that period, if warranted.

(c.) Combat Distinguishing Device. The Combat Distinguishing Device may be authorized for this award.
China Service

Authorized by the Secretary of the Navy, July 1, 1942.

Authorized by the Secretary of the Navy, for the period after WWII, January 22, 1945.

Awarded to U.S. Navy and U.S. Marine Corps Service member who served on shore in China or who were attached to any of the vessels that operated in support of the operations in China between July 7, 1937 and September 7, 1939.

The period of eligibility was subsequently extended on March 6, 1947. During the second period, the medal was awarded to Service members of the U.S. Navy, U.S. Marine Corps, and U.S. Coast Guard during operations in China between September 2, 1945 and April 1, 1957. Military services performed in the Asiatic-Pacific area between September 2, 1945 and March 2, 1946, shall not be credited toward individual eligibility for the China Service Medal, unless the Service member is already eligible for the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal for military service
performed before September 2, 1945.

Not more than one award of the China Service Medal (extended) shall be given to any Service member. Service members, who previously earned the China Service Medal for the period 1937 through 1939 shall be issued a bronze star instead of a second award for qualifying military service during the extended period of 1945 through 1957.
Combat Action

a. Authorization. SECNAVNOTE 1650 of 17 February 1969.

b. Eligibility Requirements

(1) Awarded to members of the Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard (when the Coast Guard, or units thereof, operate under the control of the Navy) in the grade of captain/colonel and junior thereto, who have actively participated in ground or surface combat.

(2) The principal eligibility criterion is, regardless of military occupational specialty or rating, the individual must have rendered satisfactory performance under enemy fire while actively participating in a ground or surface engagement. Neither service in a combat area nor being awarded the Purple Heart Medal automatically makes a service member eligible for the Combat Action Ribbon (CR). The following amplifying guidance is provided:

(a) Direct exposure to the detonation of an Improvised Explosive Device (IED) used by an enemy, with or without the immediate presence of enemy forces, constitutes active participation in a ground or surface engagement. Eligibility under this criterion is retroactive to 7 October 2001.

(b) Personnel who serve in clandestine or special operations, who by the nature of their mission, are restricted in their ability to return fire, and who are operating in conditions where the risk of enemy fire was great and expected to be encountered, may be eligible for the CR.

(c) The CR will not be awarded to personnel for aerial combat, since the Strike/flight Air Medal provides recognition for aerial combat exposure; however, a pilot or crewmember forced to escape or evade, after being forced down, may be eligible for the award.

(d) Current DON personnel who were formerly in the U.S. Army and earned the Combat Infantryman Badge or Combat Medical Badge, upon submission of official military documentation to their commanding officer, may be authorized to wear the CR.

(e) Under Public Law 106-65, the CR may be awarded retroactively to 7 December 1941. See Chapter 8 for information regarding retroactive eligibility determinations.

c. Eligible Operations. SECNAV, or his designee, determines which operations meet the criteria for this award. Appendix E to this chapter lists the operations for which award of the CR has been authorized. An individual, whose eligibility has been established in combat in any of the operations listed in Appendix E, may be awarded the CR. Only one award per operation is authorized. The listing is not all inclusive, as the CR has been awarded in minor operations, as well as for specific actions.

An individual whose eligibility has been established in combat in any of the following listed operations may be authorized award of the Combat Action Ribbon. Only one award per operation is authorized. This listing is not all-inclusive, as the Combat Action Ribbon has been awarded in minor operations, as well as for specific actions.

1. Southeast Asia: 1 Mar 61 to 15 Aug 73.

2. Dominican Republic: 28 Apr 65 to 21 Sep 66. (No ships qualified. )

3. USS LIBERTY (AGTR 5): 8 Jun 67 to 9 Jun 67.

4. USS PUEBLO (AGTR 2): 23 Jan 68.

5. Operation FREQUENT WIND (Saigon evacuation): 29 to 30 Apr 75. (No ships qualified. )

6. Operation MAYAGUEZ: 15 May 75. (No ships qualified.)

7. Grenada: 240ct83 to 2 Nov 83. (No ships qualified.)

8. Lebanon: 20Aug82 to 1 Aug 84. (No ships qualified.)

9. Persian Gulf

(a) COMNAVSPECWAR Task Unit Tango: 22 Sep 87.

(b) USS SAMUEL B. ROBERTS (FFG 58) : 14 Apr 88.

(c) Operation PRAYING MANTIS: 18 Apr 88.

SAG BRAVO
COMDESRON NINE STAFF embarked on (DD 976)
USS MERRILL (DD 976)
HSL-35 DET 1
USS LYNDE MCCORMICK (DDG 8)
USS TRENTON (LPD 14)
CONTINGENCY MAGTF 2-88
HSL 44, DET 5

SAG CHARLIE
USS WAINWRIGHT (CG 28)
USS BAGLEY (FF 1069)
HSL-35, DET 7
USS SIMPSON (FFG 56)
HSL-42, DET 10
COMMANDER, NAVAL SPECIAL WARFARE TASK GROUP MIDDLE EAST FORCE
SEAL TEAM TWO, THIRD PLATOON

SAG DELTA
COMDESRON TWENTY-TWO
USS JACK WILLIAMS (FFG 24)
HSL-32, DET 2
USS JOSEPH STRAUSS (DDG 16)
USS O'BRIEN (DD 975)
HSL-33, DET 2
CC, SPEC BOAT UNIT TWELVE
SEAL TEAM 5, PLATOON C

(d) USS ELMER MONTGOMERY (FF 1082) and USS VINCENNES (CG 49) : 3 Jul 88.

(e) Persian Gulf MCM Operations: Specific units during the periods 19 Nov 87 to 1 Apr 88; 14 to 20 Apr 88; 20 to 23 Apr 88; and 2 Aug 90 to 10 Sep 91.

10. Operation JUST CAUSE (Panama) : 20 Dec 89 to 31 Jan 90. (No ships qualified. )

11. Operation SHARP EDGE: 5 to 24 Aug 90. (No ships qualified.)

12. Operation DESERT STORM: 17 Jan 91 to 28 Feb 91.

(a) The Secretary of the Navy approved the CAR as an
exception to policy for the following ships that operated north
of 28.30N.and west of 49.303 from 17 Jan 91 to 28 Feb 91:

USS ADROIT (MSO 509)
USS BEAUFORT (ATS 2)
USS CARON (DD 970)
USS DURHAM (LKA 114)
USS FORD (FFG 54)
USS PAUL F. FOSTER (DD964)
USNS HASSAYAMPA (T-A0 145)
USS IMPERVIOUS (MSO 449)
USS AVENGER (MCM 1)
USS BUNKER HILL (CG 52)
USS CURTS (FFG 38)
USS FIFE (DD 991)
USS FORT MCHENRY (LSD 43)
USS HAWES (FFG 53)
USS HORNE (CG 3 0)
USS JARRETT (FFG 33) USS
USS KIDD (DDG 993)
USS LEADER (MSO 490)
USS MACDONOUGH (DDG 3 9)
USS MISSOURI (BB 63)
USS NASSAU (LI-IA 4)
USS NICHOLAS (FFG 47)
USS OLDENDORF (DD 972)
USS PORTLAND (LSD 37)
USS RALEIGH (LPD 1)
USS VREELAND (FF 1068)
USS WORDEN (CG 18)
USS LASALLE (AGF 3)
USS LEFTWICH (DD 984)
USS MCINERNEY (FFG 8)
USS MOBILE BAY (CG 53)
USS NIAGARA FALLS (AFS 3)
USS OKINAWA (LPH 3)
USNS PASSUMPSIC (T-A0 107)
USS PRINCETON (CG 59)
USS TRIPOLI (LPH 10)
USS WISCONSIN (BB 64)

(b) The following ships were approved for the dates indicated:

USNS COMFORT (T-AH 2 0) 26 Feb 91
USS GUAM (LPH 9) 25 to 26 Feb 91
USS IWO JIMA (LPH 2) 26 Feb 91
USS OGDEN (LPD 5) 25 to 26 Feb 91
USS MISSOURI (BB 63) 12 Feb 91 and 25 Feb 91
VC-6 Detachment
EODMU Detachments
USS RICHMOND K. TURNER (CG 20) 19 to 24 Feb 91
USS VALLEY FORGE (CG 50) 16 to 28 Feb 91
USS LEADER (MSO 490) 23 Mar 91

13. El Salvador: 1 Jan 81 to 1 Feb 92.

14. Operation RESTORE HOPE (Somalia): 5 Dec 92 to 31 Mar 95. (No ships qualified. )

15. Cambodia: 1 Jun 92 to 15 Nov 93.

16. Operation ASSURED RESPONSE (Monrovia, Liberia) : 7 to 18 Apr 96. (No ships qualified.)

17. Kosovo Campaign: 24 Mar 99 to 27 Jan 00.

18. Operation ENDURING FREEDOM: 11 Sep 01 to TBD.

19. Operation IRAQI FREEDOM: 19 Mar 03 to TBD.
Defense Distinguished Service

Authorized by E.O. 11545

The DDSM shall only be awarded to officers of the Armed Forces of the United States whose exceptional performance of duty and contributions to national security or defense have been at the highest levels. Such officers have direct and ultimate responsibility for a major activity or program that significantly influences the policies of the U.S. Government. Only under the most unusual circumstances will the DDSM be awarded as an impact award for outstanding TDY achievement. The DDSM is specifically intended to recognize exceptionally distinguished service and to honor an individual's accomplishments over a sustained period.

Normally, such broad responsibilities shall be held by only the most senior officers whose duties bring them into direct and frequent contact with the Secretary of Defense and the other senior officials within the Government. Examples of such positions are the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff; the Chiefs and the Vice Chiefs of the Military Services, including the Commandant and the Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps; and the CINCs and the Deputy CINCs of the Unified Combatant Commands.

The DDSM also may be awarded to other senior officers who serve in positions of great responsibility, or to an officer whose direct and individual contributions to national security or defense are recognized as being so exceptional in scope and value as to be equivalent to contributions normally associated with positions encompassing broader responsibilities.

The DDSM, as the highest Defense decoration, may only be awarded by the Secretary of Defense. Under no circumstances may the awarding authority be delegated.

The DDSM shall be placed in precedence after the MOH and the Distinguished Service Crosses of the Armed Forces, but before the Distinguished Service Medals of the Armed Forces.

All recommendations for award of the DDSM to members of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, or the Unified Combatant Command Headquarters or activities reporting to or through the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, shall be processed through the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, for recommendation. These recommendations shall not be boarded at the Joint Staff level. The Director, Joint Staff, for the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, shall forward his recommendations to the Chief, Military Personnel Division, Personnel and Security Directorate, WHS, for boarding and processing. Recommendations should be submitted to arrive at the Joint Staff no later than 90 days before the desired presentation date.

All other recommendations for award of the DDSM shall be submitted to the Chief, Military Personnel Division, Personnel and Security Directorate, Washington Headquarters Services (WHS), for boarding and processing. Recommendations should be submitted to the WHS no later than 90 days before the desired presentation date.
Defense Meritorious Service

Authorized by E.O. 12019

The DMSM shall only be awarded to members of the Armed Forces of the United States who, after November 3, 1977, distinguished themselves by noncombat meritorious achievement or service. Only under the most unusual circumstances will the DMSM be awarded as an impact award for outstanding TDY achievement. The DMSM is specifically intended to recognize exceptionally meritorious service performance and to honor an individual's accomplishments over a sustained period.

The DMSM shall be awarded in the name of the Secretary of Defense.

Authority to award the DMSM is hereby delegated to the following:

The DA&M for Service members assigned to the OSD; the DoD Field Activities; the joint DoD activities that report directly to an OSD Principal Staff Assistant or for which the Secretary of a Military Department has been designated as an "Executive Agent"; the multilateral and bilateral organizations; and the other offices in the Executive Branch, the Executive Agencies and Departments, or the independent establishments and Government corporations. (See "United States Government Manual 1987/88," (reference (l)).)

The Director, Joint Staff for Service members assigned to the Joint Staff and those Agencies and activities reporting directly to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff that are not delegated approval authority for that decoration.

The Commanders in Chief of the Unified or Combined Commands, for Service members assigned to their respective Headquarters or joint activities directly under their operational control. They also may approve that award for the commander, his or her staff, and other Service members attached to a JTF as individuals (not as members of an assigned and/or attached unit).

The Supreme Allied Commander, Europe; the Supreme Allied Commander, Atlantic; the U.S. Representative to the Military Committee, NATO; the Defense Advisor, U.S. Mission NATO; and the CINC, North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD), for Service members assigned in their respective headquarters or associated Agencies.

The Directors of Defense Agencies (except the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and Defense Security Assistance Agency (DSAA)), for Service members assigned to their respective Agencies.

The Commander, U.S. Forces Korea, for U.S. Service members assigned to their headquarters or joint activities reporting directly to that command.

The President, National Defense University (NDU), for Service members assigned to the University, the National War College, and the Industrial College of the Armed Forces.

The Commandant, Armed Forces Staff College, for Service members assigned to that College.

That authority may be delegated further at the discretion of the awarding authority to general or flag officers of the Armed Forces of the United States in the grade of O-7 or civilian equivalents when they occupy established command or staff positions. Such authority must be delegated in writing and documentation maintained indefinitely by the organization receiving the authority.

The DMSM shall take precedence after the DSSM, the Legion of Merit, and the Bronze Star Medal, but before the Military Services' Meritorious Service Medal.

Recommendations for the DMSM shall be submitted to the appropriate approval authority for processing. In those instances where the approval authority rests with the DA&M, OSD, or the Director, Joint Staff, the recommendation shall be submitted for processing to the Chief, Military Personnel Division, Personnel and Security Directorate, WHS, or the DJS no later than 90 days before the desired presentation date.

Defense Superior Service

Authorized by E.O.11904

The DSSM shall be awarded only to members of the Armed Forces of the United States who, after February 6, 1976, rendered superior meritorious service in a position of significant responsibility. Only under the most unusual circumstances will DSSM be awarded as an impact award for outstanding TDY achievement. The DSSM is specifically intended to recognize exceptionally superior service, and to honor an individual's accomplishments over a sustained period.

The DSSM shall be awarded only by the Secretary of Defense.

The Director, Joint Staff, for the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff has been delegated approval or disapproval authority for Service members assigned to the Joint Staff, and those Service members assigned to Joint organizations. That authority may not be delegated further.

Approval or disapproval authority for all other qualifying Service members is delegated to the DA&M, OSD, for the ASD(FMP). That authority may not be further delegated.

The DSSM shall be placed in precedence after the MOH, the Distinguished Service Crosses of the Services, the DDSM, the Distinguished Service Medals of the Services, and the Silver Star, but before the Legion of Merit.

Recommendations approved by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall be processed entirely by the Joint Staff. All other recommendations shall be forwarded to the Chief, Military Personnel Division, Personnel and Security Directorate, WHS, for processing. Recommendations should be submitted no later than 90 days before the desired presentation date.
Distinguished Flying Cross

a. Authorization. 10 U.S.C. 96245.

b. Eligibility Requirements. Awarded to individuals who, while serving in any capacity with the Navy or the Marine Corps, distinguish themselves by heroism or extraordinary achievement while participating in an aerial flight. To justify this decoration for heroism, an act in the face of danger, well above those actions performed by others engaged in similar flight operations, is required; for achievement, the results accomplished must be so exceptional as to render them conspicuous among those accomplished by others involved in similar circumstances.

(1) In adjudging the appropriate awards for the various members of a flight crew, it is considered that the pilot responsible for flying the aircraft is sometimes eligible for a higher award than other members of the flight crew. However, in a two-seat aircraft where the pilot and crewmember constitute a team, and function as an integral part of the weapons system, both would generally be eligible for the same award. A crewmember other than the pilot should not be precluded from receiving a higher award if circumstances so indicate. Each case will be considered on its own merits.

(2) Establishing a new record in aerial flight does not necessarily qualify as an extraordinary achievement.

c. Combat Distinguishing Device. The Combat Distinguishing Device may be authorized for service after 4 April 1974.
European Africian Middle Eastern Campaign

Authorized by Executive Order 9265, as amended (reference (gggg)).

Specific eligibility requirements are outlined in appropriate Service regulations; however, those conditions are similar to those for the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal.

Service stars and the "Arrowhead" device (Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal) were authorized for Service members. Specifics are maintained by the Services.

Boundaries of the European-African-Middle Eastern Theater are:

Eastern Boundary. Coincident with the western boundary of the Asiatic-Pacific Theater.

Western Boundary. Coincident with the eastern boundary of the American Theater.
Fleet Marine Force

a. Authorization Period. SECNAVINST 1650.36 of 1 September 1984 authorized this ribbon. However, the Fleet Marine Force (FMF) Officer Warfare Qualification Badge superseded this ribbon for Navy officer personnel as of 1 January 2006. Similarly, the FMF Enlisted Warfare Qualification Badge replaced this ribbon for Navy enlisted personnel as of 1 October 2006. See OPNAVINST 1414.6(series) and OPNAVINST 1414.4(series) for the respective guidelines on officer and enlisted FMF warfare qualification.

b. Eligibility Requirements

(1) General. For personnel serving during the authorized period noted above, qualification for the Navy FMF Ribbon signifies the acquisition of specific professional skills, knowledge and military experience that result in qualifications above those normally required of Navy personnel serving with the Marine Corps.operating forces. This qualification must be obtained through a formal qualification program, and successful completion of the written test prescribed below. Officer and enlisted personnel must:

(a) Be assigned to a unit of the Marine Corps operating forces. Only those personnel assigned to Type I1 and Type IV sea duty are eligible.

(b) Successfully complete the following sections of the Marine Battle Skills Training Handbook (Books 1, 2 and 4) :

Section
Military Justice and Law of War 1-1-1 to 1-1-19
Marine Corps Organization, History, Customs, and Courtesies 1-2-1 to 1-2-39
Marine Corps Uniform, Clothing and Equipment 1-4-1 to 1-4-69
Marine Corps General Leadership 1-5-1 to 1-5-23
Substance Abuse 1-6-1 to 1-6-15
Troop Information/Training Management 1-7-1 to 1-7-39
Combat Leadership 1-8-1 to 1-8-27
Individual Weapons:
M16A2 Service Rifle 2-11-1 to 2-11-37
M9 Service Pistol 4-11-1 to 4-11-37
Tactical Measures 2-14-1 to 2-14-87
Hand Grenades, Mines, and Pyrotechnics:
Locating Mines 2-15-33 to 2-15-36
Movement through Mine Field 2-15-37 to 2-15-38
NBC Defense 2-16-1 to 2-16-100
First Aid and Field Sanitation 2-17-1 to 2-17-65
Land Navigation 2-18-1 to 2-18-29
Communication:
Operate the SINCGARS RADIO 2-19-13 to 2-19-16
Communicate Using a Radio 2-19-17 to 2-19-22
Maintain Physical Fitness 2-20-1 to 2-20-40

(c) Pass the USMC Physical Fitness Test (PFT) All applicants, regardless of age, must complete this requirement. Individuals over 45 years of age, if found physically qualified by a medical officer, shall take the Marine Corps PFT under the age category 39-45.

(d) Be recommended for the award by the Marine Corps battalion/squadron commanding officer.

(2) Specific

(a) Enlisted active duty members of the Navy must:

1. Serve a minimum of 12 months with Marine Corps operating forces.

2. Graduate from Field Medical Service School (FMSS), or chaplain and RP Expeditionary Skills Training (CREST) course, and obtain the appropriate Navy Enlisted Classification (NEC) (KM 8404/DT 8707/RP 2401). Navy personnel assigned to an FMF unit, who have no Navy Enlisted Classification Code (NEC) producing pipeline school (i.e., YN, PN, DK, etc.), are also eligible

3. Have no single performance trait mark below 3.0, and no recommendation lower than promotable for the last two periodic evaluations.

(b) Enlisted members in Navy Reserve Marine Corps operating force units must:

1. Serve a minimum of 24 months in a Navy Reserve FMF unit with satisfactory drill attendance.

2. Obtain the appropriate NEC (KM 8404/DT 8707/RP 2401) for their-billet.

3. Complete a two-week Active Duty Training period in support of a Marine Corps field training exercise.

4. Have no single performance trait mark below 3.0, and no promotion recommendation lower than promotable for the last two periodic evaluations.

(c) Navy active duty officers must serve a minimum 12 months of duty with the Marine Corps operating forces .

(d) Navy Reserve officers must serve a minimum of 24 months in a Navy Reserve unit of the Marine Corps operating forces with satisfactory drill attendance.

(3) With the concurrence of CMC and CNO, the awarding authority may waive the above requirements in cases when Navy personnel demonstrate exceptional skill, knowledge, and leadership while providing support to the Marine Corps in a combat environment.

c. Awarding Authority. Only Marine Corps battalion/squadron commanding officers may award the Navy FMF Ribbon. There are no subsequent awards and no citation or certificate will be issued. Commanding officers shall make appropriate service record entries for enlisted personnel, and issue letters of eligibility for officers. Award of the ribbon shall be noted in the member's next evaluation or fitness report.

d. Advancement Credit. The award of this ribbon shall entitle enlisted personnel to be designated FMF, and have two points applied on the E4 through E6 advancement exams.
Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary

a. Authorization. E.O. 13289 of 12 March 2003.

b. Eligibility Requirements

(1) Service in direct support of the Global War on Terrorism by military personnel deployed abroad for designated operations in a specified area of eligibility (AOE). The period of eligibility is 11 September 2001 to a date to be determined.

(2) Service members must be assigned, attached, or mobilized to a unit participating in designated operations for 30 consecutive or 60 non-consecutive days, or meet one of the following criteria:

(a) Be engaged in actual combat against the enemy, regardless of time in the AOE.

(b) Be wounded, killed, or injured requiring medical evacuation from the AOE, while participating in the designated operation, regardless of time in the AOE.

(c) Participate as a regularly assigned aircrew member flying sorties into, out of, within, or over the AOE in direct support of the designated operations. Each day that one or more sorties are flown, into, out of, within, or over the AOE shall count as one day towards the 30 or 60-day requirement.

c. Designated Operations. The initial approved operations are Operations ENDURING FREEDOM and IRAQI FREEDOM. SECDEF, in consultation with the Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS), has the authority to designate future operations as eligible for award of the Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal (GWOTEM) Requests for future operation designation must be submitted from the Combatant Commander to SECDEF, via CJCS. Note: Personnel are only eligible for the GWOTEM for service in the Afghanistan and Iraq AOEs through 30 April 2005. Qualifying service after that date will be recognized by the ACM or ICM, as appropriate.

d. Specified Areas of Eligibility. Appendix B to this chapter provides a list of the qualifying AOEs. Updated lists will be posted at https://awards.navy.mil and http://awards.manpower.usmc.mil. Under no circumstances will units or personnel within the 50 United States or within 200 nautical miles of the shores of the United States be eligible for the GWOTEM.

e. Awarding Authority. The Combatant Commanders are the awarding authority for personnel and units deployed within their AOEs. U.S. Central Command delegated the authority to award the GWOTEM to U.S. Marine Corps Forces Central Command (MarCent) for units/personnel operating in the MarCent area of operations. U.S. Pacific Command delegated the authority to award the GWOTEM to Commander, Fleet Marine Forces Pacific (FMFPac) for units/personnel operating in the FMFPac area of operations.

(1) Unit commanding officers shall nominate qualified participating units or personnel, including location within the AOE and specific dates served in the designated operation, to the awarding authority, via their appropriate chain of command, for approval.

(2) Once the awarding authority approves the request, notification shall be provided to CNO (DNS-35) or CMC (MMMA), as appropriate, and the units will be added to the Navy and Marine Corps master lists posted at https://awards.navy.mil and http://awards.manpower.usmc.mil, respectively.

(3) Commanding officers shall ensure personnel assigned to qualifying units during the appropriate time period are issued the medal, and that proper service record documentation is completed.

(4) For Navy personnel only, the miniature bronze Fleet Marine Force Combat Operation emblem may be authorized for qualified personnel who have engaged in actual combat; see Chapter 1, Article 123.

(5) The DoD has a long-standing policy that U.S. campaign and service medals shall not be awarded to members of foreign militaries. Therefore, coalition partners are not eligible to receive the GWOTEM.

f. Medal Election Guidelines

(1) Eligibility for the GWOTEM for service in Afghanistan and Iraq terminated on 30 April 2005; beginning 1 May 2005, personnel are eligible only for the ACM or ICM, respectively. Personnel who earned the GWOTEM for qualifying service in Afghanistan or Iraq prior to 1 May 2005 shall remain qualified for the GWOTEM; however, they may elect to receive the ACM or ICM in lieu of the GWOTEM for such service. The election of the ACM or ICM shall be documented with an appropriate service record entry signed by the member. Personnel who met the eligibility criteria for the GWOTEM and ACM, or the GWOTEM and ICM, during a single deployment must elect one of these medals. No individual may be issued both medals for the same period of service. A period of service is defined as a single tour or deployment.

(2) Personnel who elect to retain the GWOTEM for qualifying service in Afghanistan or Iraq prior to 1 May 2005 are eligible to earn the ACM or ICM, respectively, for subsequent deployments within the ACM or ICM AOE. Under no circumstances shall an individual be eligible for both medals for the same action, time period, or service.

g. Subsequent Awards and Battle Stars. Subsequent awards of the GTOWEM are not authorized; therefore, service stars are not authorized. However, the CJCS, upon the request of a Combatant Commander, may approve battle stars at a future date to recognize personnel who were engaged in actual combat against the enemy, under circumstances involving grave danger of death or serious bodily injury. Commanding officers may identify units or personnel meeting the criteria for battle stars, and forward a request to the Combatant Commander for submission to the CJCS for determination. In addition to the specific unit(s) and/or individual(s) involved, the request shall contain the duration of the actual combat and a detailed description of the
actions against the enemy.

GLOBAL WAR ON TERRORISM EXPEDITIONARY MEDAL ELIGIBILITY AREAS


The geographic locations listed below are currently approved as eligible for award of the GWOTEM. The eligibility area includes all airspace above and water areas adjacent to the landmasses. Updated lists will be posted at https://awards.navy.mil and http://awards.manpower.usmc.mil.

Afghanistan
Algeria
Bahrain
Bosnia-Herzegovina
Bulgaria (Bourgas)
Chad
Crete
Cyprus
Diego Garcia
Dj ibout i
Egypt
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Georgia
Hungary
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kosovo (only specified GWOT operations - not associated with operations qualifying for the Kosovo Campaign Medal)
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lebanon
Mali
Mauritania
Niger
Oman
Pakistan
Philippines
Qatar
Romania (Constanta)
Saudi Arabia Somalia
Syria
Tajikistan
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Uganda
United Arab Emirates
United States Central Command (less the lower Horn of Africa)
Uzbekistan
Yemen

In addition, the.following bodies of water are approved qualifying areas:

Arabian Sea (north of 10 degrees north latitude and west of
68 degrees longitude)
Bab el Mandeb
Gulf of Aden
Gulf of Aqaba
Gulf of Oman
Gulf of Suez
Mediterranean Sea (east of 28 degrees east longitude)
Mediterranean Sea (for maritime interception operations,
boarding and searching vessels, in support of the GWOT)
Persian Gulf
Red Sea
Strait of Hormuz
Suez Canal
Global War on Terrorism Service

a. Authorization. E.O. 13289 of 12 March 2003.

b. Eligibility Requirements

(1) Military personnel who participate in or serve in support of the Global War on Terrorism for specified operations on or after 11 September 2001 to a date to be determined.

(2) Service members must be assigned, attached, or mobilized in CONUS or overseas, to a unit participating in or serving in support of (including indirect support) specified operations for 30 consecutive or 60 non-consecutive days, or meet one of the following criteria: (a) Be engaged in actual combat, regardless of the time period of service in the operation.

(b) While participating in the specified operation, regardless of time, be killed, wounded, or injured requiring medical evacuation.

(3) Personnel in initial accession training, including follow-on career specific training, are not eligible. Eligibility begins for these personnel once assigned to their first permanent duty station.

(4) The DoD has a long-standing policy that U.S. campaign and service medals shall not be awarded to members of foreign militaries. Therefore, coalition partners are not eligible to receive the Global War on Terrorism Service Medal (GWOTSM)

c. Specified Operations. SECDEF, in consultation with the Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS), has the authority to designate future qualifying GWOTSM operations. The initial approved operations are as follows:

(1) Airport security (27 Sep 01 through 31 May 02)
(2) Operation NOBLE EAGLE (11 Sep 01 through TBD)
(3) Operation ENDURING FREEDOM (11 Sep 01 through TBD)
(4) Operation IRAQI FREEDOM (19 Mar 03 through TBD)

d. Awarding Authority

(1) Navy Units. Awarding authority rests with the CNO and Combatant Commanders.

(a) Combatant Commanders have awarding authority for personnel assigned to units within their command, and Joint activities and forces directly under their operational control.

(b) CNO authorizes award of the GWOTSM for Navy personnel attached to commands that either directly or indirectly supported the designated operations. Support is defined as administrative, logistical, planning, operational, technical, readiness, and any other support services related to the designated operations.

(c) Echelon 2 commands shall submit a list of organizations deemed qualified for the GWOTSM to CNO for approval. Send all information electronically, to include a list in Excel format, with a signed cover letter in a PDF file to navyawards@navy.mil with the subject line "GWOTSM Qualified List Attached." Approved organizations will be posted on the Navy Awards website.

(d) Organizations reporting directly to SECNAV shall follow the procedures in subparagraphs (b) and (c) above to ensure proper documentation for qualified Navy personnel.

(e) Commanding officers shall ensure personnel eligible for the GWOTSM currently assigned to their command are issued the medal and that proper service record entries are completed.

(2) Marine Corps Units. The awarding authorities are:

(a) Combatant Commanders for personnel assigned to units within their command, and Joint activities and forces directly under their operational control.

(b) The CJCS for personnel assigned to the Joint Staff and those Joint activities that report directly to the CJCS.

(c) The directors of defense agencies for service members assigned to their agencies. The Director of Administration and Management, Office of the DoD Field Activities is responsible for the Joint DoD activities that report directly to an OSD principal staff assistant; multilateral and bilateral organizations; and other offices in the Executive Branch, the executive agencies and departments, and independent establishments and government corporations.

(d) The CMC for personnel assigned to headquarters or direct subordinate commands and activities, direct reporting units, and field operating agencies. The CMC may also approve the award for service members assigned to forces directly under his operational control, who fall outside the jurisdiction of the Combatant Commanders. The CMC has approved the GWOTSM for personnel assigned to HQMC, all operating forces, supporting establishments, and external elements that meet the eligibility criteria in subparagraph b. above.

(e) Commanders who have Marines assigned to the respective agencies, departments, and commands outlined in subparagraphs (a) through (d) above, will coordinate with these agencies, departments, and commands to ensure approval of the GWOTSM is documented in the service record of eligible Marines.

e. Subsequent Awards and Battle Stars. Subsequent awards of the GWOTSM are not authorized; therefore, service stars are not authorized. However, although qualifying circumstances will be extremely rare, the CJCS, upon the request of a Combatant Commander, may approve battle stars at a future date to recognize personnel who were engaged in actual combat against the enemy, under circumstances involving grave danger of death or serious bodily injury.

f. Multiple GWOT Medal Guidance. Personnel may receive both the GWOTSM and the Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal (GWOTEM) provided they meet the requirements for both awards and the qualifying periods used to establish eligibility do not overlap.
Humanitarian Service

a. Authorization. E.O. 11965 of 19 January 1977.

b. Eligibility Requirements

(1) The Humanitarian Service Medal (HSM) is awarded to members of the Armed Forces of the United States who, subsequent to 1 April 1975, distinguish themselves as individuals or as
members of U.S. military units by meritorious, direct, non- routine participation in a significant military act or operation of a humanitarian nature.

(2) In general, an act or operation must be a direct humanitarian performance by the individuals or unit, at the ' designated location. The following types of military acts or
operations may qualify for award of the HSM:

(a) Significant assistance in the event of national or international disasters, natural or man-made, such as (but not limited to) earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, typhoons, or conflagrations.

(b) Relief to a starvation area.

(c) Evacuation of personnel from an area threatened by a hostile force.

(d) Support or resettlement of refugees or evacuees.

(e) Acts or operations of a similar nature, as determined by the awarding authority.

(f) Other significant military activities directly related to humanitarian service, as designated in military regulations. These must be above and beyond routine actions.

(3) Services rendered in the act or operation being considered must meet each of the following criteria:

(a) Be above and beyond normal duties, and of major significance.

(b) Provide immediate relief, relieve human suffering, and should save lives; property may be a factor.

(c) Must affect the outcome of the situation (inaction would have produced definite negative consequences).

(d) Specific dates must be defined, and must be restricted to the period of "immediate relief." Periods beyond immediate relief are considered to be established, ongoing operations beyond the initial emergency conditions, and these periods are no longer eligible for the HSM, but may be considered for award of the AFSM.

(4) The emergency assistance must be either:

(a) Requested by the President of the United States for assistance within the United States (such as Presidential Emergency Declaration or established contingency
plans issued under Presidential authority); or

(b) Requested by the Department of State for overseas areas.

c. Definitions

(1) Direct participation is defined as being physically present at the designated location, and directly influencing and contributing to the action.

(2) Designated location is the immediate site(s) of the humanitarian operations, as defined by the Presidential or Department of State request for assistance. When appropriate,
the local commander may recommend specific clarification of designated boundaries based on the intent of the Presidential or Department of State request.

d. Limitations

(1) Service members or elements who remain at geographically separate locations, or who were assigned to the designated location, but did directly influence or contribute to
the action, are ineligible for the HSM.

(2) The HSM shall not be awarded for services rendered in domestic disturbances involving law enforcement, demonstrations, or protection of property.

(3) The HSM shall not be awarded for military acts or operations of a routine, day-to-day nature. For example, normal Search and Rescue (SAR) operations conducted by specially
trained SAR units are not eligible for the HSM. Other routine operations such as helicopter or destroyer plane guard duty, or emergency transportation of civilian or military medical
patients are also ineligible. Similarly, in accordance with the laws and traditions of the seas, the rescue of stricken vessels by naval units would not normally be an eligible action unless
there was extreme danger to those being rescued and those performing the rescue.

(4) No service member shall be entitled to more than one award of the HSM for participation in the same military act or operation.

(5) Except for the AFSM, as discussed in the previous article, award of the HSM does not preclude receipt of other awards based on unit achievement or individual valor,
achievement, or meritorious service.

e. Awarding Authorities. The Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff is the awarding authority for all operations under the auspices of a Combatant Commander. Effective 14 June 1993,
SECNAV was delegated awarding authority for other operations involving Naval personnel.

f. Preparation of Recommendations. Recommendations must be entered administratively into command channels within two years of the act or operation to be recognized. Recommendation
packages must include the following:

(1) A written justification specifically addressing the eligibility requirements, and fully explaining and attesting to the humanitarian aspects of the services rendered by personnel
in the act or operation being recommended. It should be noted the HSM is an individual award.

(2) A listing of ships or units that participated directly in the act or operation, including dates of involvement and locations. This is to facilitate the processing and
documentation of awards only, and does not imply unit-wide approval of the HSM.

(3) For Navy units, an electronic alphabetical listing service members (preferably in Excel), detailing full name, rank/rate, social security number, branch of Service, and
permanent unit at the time of the act or operation. This listing shall be marked "Privacy Sensitiven and include only those service members who meet the eligibility criteria and
guidelines in this section. Listings of eligible of Marine Corps personnel shall be submitted using the format delineated at http://awards.manpower.usmc.mil.

(4) Concurrence by the Military Departments concerned when multi-Service participation is involved. The originating activity shall, prior to submission of the recommendation to
SECNAV, obtain the concurrence of the Services concerned, including the Commandant, U.S. Coast Guard when members of the U.S. Coast Guard are involved. Such concurrence shall include verification of their service members' participation, and a specific recommendation for approval or disapproval.

(5) Forwarding endorsements that make specific recommendations for approval or disapproval to the Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff or SECNAV, as appropriate.

(6) Endorsement of the Combatant Commander who has authority and/or responsibility for the affected area outside the Continental United States.

(7) Documentation of the Presidential or the Department of State request for assistance.
Inter American Defense Board

a. Authorized by the Ninety-first Session of the Inter-American Defense Board (IADB) on 11 December 1945.

b. Eligibility Requirements. Awarded to the Chair of the Board, delegates, advisors, officers of the staff, officers of the secretariat, and officers of the IAD College who
constitute the Directorate, the Department of Studies, and the Department of Administration, who have served for at least one year.

c. Subsequent Awards. For each five years of service to the IADB, a gold star will be awarded.
Iraq Campaign

a. Authorization. E.O. 13363 of 29 November 2004.

b. Eligibility Requirements

(1) Service by military personnel in direct support of Operation IRAQI FREEDOM (OIF) in the designated area of eligibility (AOE), which encompasses all land area of the country of Iraq, the contiguous waters of Iraq out to 12 nautical miles, and all air space above these waters and land area. The period of eligibility is 19 March 2003 to a date to be determined. Effective 1 May 2005, the Iraq Campaign Medal (ICM) is the only award authorized for service in the Iraq AOE. See paragraph 14(f) below for guidelines to determine eligibility for the Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal (GWOTEM) and ICM prior to 1 May 2005. Personnel who deployed in support of Operation SOUTHERN WATCH and subsequently transitioned into OIF on or after 19 March 2003, must elect to receive either the Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal, the GWOTEM, or the ICM. Personnel may not be authorized more than one of these medals for a single deployment.

(2) Service members must have been assigned, attached, or mobilized to units operating in the AOE for 30 consecutive or 60 non-consecutive days, or meet one of the following criteria:

(a) Be engaged in actual combat during an armed engagement, regardless of time in the AOE.

(b) Be wounded, killed, or injured requiring medical evacuation from the AOE, while participating in an operation or on official duties. Non-combat medical evacuation does meet the
qualification criteria.

(c) Participate as a regularly assigned aircrew member flying sorties into, out of, within, or over the AOE in direct support of military operations. Each day that one or more sorties are flown, into, out of, within, or over the AOE shall count as one day towards the 30 or 60-day requirement.

c. Subsequent Awards. There will be no subsequent awards of the ICM; therefore, service stars are not authorized.

d. Awarding Authority

(1) Navy Personnel. Commanding officers exercising Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal authority are authorized to award the ICM. Commands shall make the appropriate service
record entries and issue the medals. The miniature bronze Fleet Marine Force Combat Operation emblem may be authorized for qualified Navy personnel who have engaged in actual combat; see Chapter 1, Article 123.

(2) Marine Corps Personnel. Unit commanders are authorized to issue the ICM to personnel assigned to their command who meet the eligibility criteria.

(3) Navy personnel attached to DoD, Joint, or other non- DON commands who believe they meet the eligibility criteria should have their command confirm eligibility and submit the
appropriate service record documentation. Marines shall submit confirming documentation to their administrative chain of command for recording in MCTFS and entry into their Official
Military Personnel File.

e. Participating Unit Lists. Navy Commanding Officers whose units meet the criteria for the ICM must submit their unit name with start and end dates in the AOE to CNO (DNS-35). Email
a scanned PDF copy of the signed request to navyawards@navy.mil, using "ICM participating unit (your unit name)" as the subject line. CNO (DNS-35) will post a list of qualified units on the Navy Awards Website. Future command input will be via command direct entry into the CESMEL (Campaign, Expeditionary, and Service Medal Eligibility List) section of NDAWS. This change will be announced via a NAVADMIN. Marine Corps unit commanders are not required to submit lists of participating units.
Joint Meritorious Unit Award

Unit awards recognize entire organizations for outstanding heroism or achievement performed during periods of war, international tension, national emergencies, or extraordinary situations that involve national interests. They are not intended to recognize single, individual actions, or the actions of a sub-element of a unit or organization, but instead to acknowledge the combined efforts of every member of a unit or organization.

Appendix 2 describes the U.S. unit awards that have been authorized for the Armed Forces of the United States. Until 1981, the accomplishments of joint activities could only be recognized by Service unit awards. Due to the very nature of those activities and the varying criteria among the Services, it became necessary to establish a means by which joint activities could be recognized. With the JMUA, the Department of Defense provides a consistent means for recognizing such activities.

The JMUA, awarded in the name of the Secretary of Defense, is intended to recognize joint units and activities for meritorious achievement or service, superior to that which is normally expected. The policies and procedures pertaining to that unique award are outlined in sections C4.2. through C4.8., below.

ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS

All joint units and activities (as defined in Chapter 1, paragraph C1.2.1.) are eligible for award of the JMUA in recognition of exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding service. However, a unit or activity's outstanding accomplishment of its normally assigned and expected mission is not in and of itself sufficient justification for award approval. Instead, qualifying achievements must be superior to that which is expected under one of the following conditions and should be operational in nature.

During action in combat with an armed enemy of the United States.

In a declared national emergency situation.

Under extraordinary circumstances that involve national interests.

The JMUA shall not be awarded to any DoD activity that has received any other unit award for the same achievement or period of service.

Only those members of the Armed Forces of the United States who were present at the time and directly participated in the service or achievement for 30 days or more, or for the period cited if less than 30 days, shall be authorized to wear the JMUA ribbon. Members must be permanently assigned or attached by official orders to the joint unit receiving the JMUA. Local commanders may waive, on an individual basis, the 30-day minimum time requirement for individuals (e.g., Reserve personnel on active duty and TDY and/or TAD personnel), who, in the opinion of the commander contributed directly to the achievement cited, and were assigned on official orders to the awarded unit during the approved time frames.

A JTF headquarters may be awarded the JMUA. If a JTF headquarters is awarded the JMUA, every member permanently assigned or attached TDY or TAD to the JTF headquarters is eligible to wear the JMUA ribbon. Assigned and/or attached (including TDY and/or TAD) status is determined by official orders that specify the JTF headquarters as the duty unit.

Service units or individuals deployed in support of a JTF, but not assigned and/or attached to the JTF by official orders, are not eligible for the JMUA, even if they are under the operational control of the JTF. The Services may award appropriate Service unit awards to their units assigned and/or attached to a JTF.

PREPARATION OF RECOMMENDATIONS

Recommendation for the JMUA must be in narrative form Minimally, the recommendation must include the following:

Name and location of unit, activity, or organization.

Inclusive dates for the award.

Citation.

A narrative justification containing specific and factual data about what the activity accomplished, how it was done, what the benefits or results were, and why or how the achievement or service significantly exceeded normal unit duty performance. The narrative justification shall not exceed three single-spaced typewritten pages. Supporting documents, as appropriate, may be attached.

A listing of qualifying Service members attached but not permanently assigned, detailing full name, rank and/or rate, social security number, branch of Service, and permanent unit at the time of the award period. That list must be sorted or grouped by branch of Service.

Award recommendations shall be endorsed by commanders at all levels.

SUBMISSION OF RECOMMENDATIONS

Recommendations for the JMUA shall be submitted through command channels, as follows:

Recommendations for joint activities that report directly to an OSD Principal Staff Assistant or to the Secretary of a Military Department, for which he or she has been designated the "Executive Agent for the Secretary of Defense," shall be forwarded through those channels and to the Chief, Military Personnel Division, WHS. DA&M will forward a copy of the approval letter to the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense (Military Manpower and Personnel Policy) (DASD(MPP)), Office of the ASD(FMP).

Recommendations for joint activities that report directly to or through the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall be forwarded to the Director, Joint Staff.

APPROVAL AUTHORITY

The JMUA is awarded in the name of the Secretary of Defense; however, authority to award is delegated to the following:

The ASD(FMP), or designee, for activities that report directly to an OSD Principal Staff Assistant or for which the Secretary of a Military Department has been designated the "Executive Agent for the Secretary of Defense." ASD(FMP) delegated authority to Director, Administration and Management, to approve or disapprove JMUA and grant exceptions to policy for award recommendations under the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness Memorandum (reference (m)).

The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, or designee, for activities that report directly to or through the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

RECONSIDERATION

A Member of Congress can request a review of a proposal for the award or presentation of a decoration (or the upgrading of a decoration) that is not authorized to be presented
or awarded due to limitations established by law or policy for timely submission of a recommendation (reference (a)).

MANNER OF WEAR

The JMUA shall have precedence after the Presidential Unit Citation, but before the Military Service unit awards.

An oak-leaf cluster is authorized for wear for each additional award of the JMUA.

Civilians within an organization awarded the JMUA will be awarded a civilian JMUA lapel pin.

Streamers shall be obtained by the unit through normal supply channels. Eligible units of a JTF awarded the JMUA are authorized streamers in accordance with
their Service's policies.

EXCEPTIONS TO POLICY

Requests for exceptions to policies or determinations about eligibility for the JMUA shall be forwarded through appropriate command channels to the Chief, Military Personnel Division, Personnel and Security Directorate, WHS. WHS is authorized to approve, disapprove, and grant exceptions to policy for JMUA under the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness Memorandum (reference (m)). The DJS has authority to grant exceptions for those units who report directly to, or through the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Disapproval of requests may be made at any level having an established command or staff position authorized in the grade of O-8.
Joint Service Achievement

Authorized by the Secretary of Defense, August 3, 1983.

The JSAM shall be awarded only to members of the Armed Forces of the United States below the grade of O-6 who, after August 3, 1983, distinguished themselves by outstanding performance of duty and meritorious achievement.

The JSAM shall be awarded in the name of the Secretary of Defense. C3.4.5.3.1. Authority to award the JSAM is hereby delegated to the following:

The Secretary of Defense or the OSD Principal Staff Assistants for Service members assigned to either the OSD, the DoD Field Activities, or the joint DoD activities for which a Principal Staff Assistant has been designated "Executive Agent for the Secretary of Defense."

The DA&M, OSD, or designee for Service members assigned to multilateral and bilateral organizations; and other offices with the Executive Branch, Executive Agencies and Departments, or independent establishments and Government corporations. (See "The United States Government Manual 1987/88" (reference (l)).)

The DJS, for Service members assigned to the Joint Staff and to the joint activities reporting directly to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff that are not delegated approval authority for that decoration.

The CINCs of Unified or Combined Commands for Service members assigned to their respective Headquarters or joint activities directly under their operational control. They also may approve that award for the commander, his or her staff, and other Service members attached to a JTF as individuals (not as members of an assigned and/or attached unit).

The Supreme Allied Commander, Europe; the Supreme Allied Commander, Atlantic; the U.S. Representative to the NATO Military Committee; the Defense Advisor, U.S. Mission NATO; the CINC, NORAD; and the Commander, U.S. Forces Korea, for Service members assigned to their respective commands or Agencies, as reflected in joint manpower documents.

The Directors of Defense Agencies (except the DARPA and the DSAA) for Service members assigned to their respective Agencies.

The President, NDU, for Service members assigned to the University, the National War College, the Industrial College of the Armed Forces, and the Armed Forces Staff College.

The Executive Director, Military Postal Service Agency, for Service members assigned to that activity.

The Secretary of a Military Department who has been designated previously as the "Executive Agent for a joint function" by the Secretary of Defense, the Deputy Secretary of Defense, or the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

The Commander, Military Entrance Processing Command.

That authority may be delegated further in writing to an officer in the grade of O-6 in the Armed Forces of the United States or to a civilian of equivalent rank who is occupying an established command or staff position.

The authority to disapprove recommendations is given to officers with award authority.

The JSAM shall take precedence with, but before, the Achievement Medals of the Armed Forces.

Recommendations for the JSAM shall be submitted to the appropriate approval authority for processing. In those instances where the approval
authority rests with the individuals specified in paragraphs, recommendations shall be submitted after approval to the Chief, Military Personnel Division, Personnel and Security Directorate, WHS, for processing.
Joint Service Commendation

Authorized by the Secretary of Defense, June 25, 1963.

The JSCM shall be awarded only to members of the Armed Forces of the United States who, after January 1, 1963, distinguished themselves by meritorious
achievement or service.

The JSCM shall be awarded in the name of the Secretary of Defense

Authority to award the JSCM is hereby delegated to the following:

The DA&M, OSD, or designee, for awards to Service members assigned to the OSD; the DoD Field Activities; the joint-DoD activities that report directly to an OSD Principal Staff Assistant or for which the Secretary of a Military Department has been designated as an "Executive Agent"; the multilateral and bilateral organizations; and the other offices in the Executive Branch, Executive Agencies and Departments, or independent establishments and Government corporations. (See "The United States Government Manual 1987/88" (reference (l)).)

The Director, Joint Staff, for Service members assigned to the Joint Staff and to those joint activities reporting directly to or through the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, or the Joint Staff, that are not delegated approval authority.

The CINCs of the Unified or Combined Commands for Service members assigned to their respective Headquarters or joint activities directly under their operational control. They also may approve that award for the commander, his or her staff, and other Service members attached to a JTF as individuals (not as members of an assigned and/or attached unit).

The Supreme Allied Commander, Europe; the Supreme Allied Commander, Atlantic; the U.S. Representative to the Military Committee, NATO; the Defense Advisor, U.S. Mission NATO; and the CINC, NORAD, for Service members assigned their respective commands or associated Agencies.

The Directors of Defense Agencies (except the DARPA and the DSAA), for Service members assigned to their respective Agencies.

The Commander, U.S. Forces Korea, for Service members assigned to their headquarters and to those joint activities reporting directly to that command. C3.4.4.3.1.7. The President, NDU, for Service members assigned to the University, National War College, Industrial College of the Armed Forces, and Armed Forces Staff College.

The Commandant, Armed Forces Staff College, for Service members assigned to the College.

The Executive Director, Military Postal Service Agency, for Service members assigned to his or her Agency.

The Commander, Military Entrance Processing Command.

That authority may be delegated further at the discretion of the awarding authority to general or flag officers of the Armed Forces of the United States in the grade of O-7 or civilian equivalent, when they occupy established command or staff positions. Such authority must be delegated in writing.

The JSCM shall take precedence with, but before, the Service Commendation Medals. A bronze "V" is authorized if the citation is for an act or service involving direct participation in combat operations during the period June 25, 1963 to March 31, 1976. Effective April 1, 1976, the "V" device is authorized if the citation is approved for valor (heroism) in a designated combat area.

Recommendations for the JSCM shall be submitted to the appropriate approval authority for processing. In those instances where the approval authority rests with the DA &M, OSD, or the Director, Joint Staff, the recommendation shall be submitted for processing to the Chief, Military Personnel Division, Personnel and Security Directorate, WHS, or the Joint Staff no later than 90 days before the desired presentation date.
Korean Defense Service

a. Authorization. Public Law 107-314 S532.

b. Eligibility Requirements

(1) Members of the Armed Forces must have served in support of the defense of the Republic of Korea from 28 July 1954 to a date to be determined.

(2) The area of eligibility (AOE) encompasses all land area of the Republic of Korea, and the contiguous waters out to 12 nautical miles, and all air space above the land and water areas.

(3) Service members must have been assigned, attached, or mobilized to units operating in the AOE and have been physically deployed in the AOE for 30 consecutive or 60 non-consecutive days or meet one of the following criteria: (a) Be engaged in actual combat during an armed engagement, regardless of time in the AOE.

(b) Be wounded or injured in the line of duty and require medical evacuation from the AOE, regardless of time in the AOE .

(c) While participating as a regularly assigned aircrew member flying sorties into, out of, within, or over the AOE in support of military operations. Each day that one or more sorties are flown in accordance with these criteria shall count as one day toward the 30 or 60-day requirement.

(4) Personnel who serve in operations and exercises conducted in the AOE are considered eligible for the award, provided the basic time criteria is met.

(5) Although the eligibility time period is extensive, the 60-day non-consecutive service requirement remains cumulative throughout the entire award period.

c. Awarding Authority. Commanding officers exercising Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal awarding authority are authorized to award the Korea Defense Service Medal (KDSM) to personnel who meet the eligibility criteria. Commanding officers shall issue the medals and ensure the appropriate service record entries are made. In the absence of supporting
documentation to establish KDSM eligibility, qualified personnel may complete the self-certification document available online at https://awards.navy.mil or http://awards.manpower.usmc.mil. A copy of this form shall be filed in the individual's service record.

d. Subsequent Awards. Only one award of the KDSM is authorized for any individual; therefore, no service stars are authorized.
Korean Presidential Unit Citation

a. Authorization. Awarded by the President of the Republic of Korea, and approved by SECNAV for wear by eligible Naval service personnel.

b. Eligibility Requirements. Authorized for wear by personnel who served with certain commands or with units of those commands that were individually cited by the President of
the Republic of Korea for service in Korea. Lists of eligible units are maintained by CNO and CMC.

c. Eligible Operations. The following operations have been designated as eligible for the Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation. Note: Service stars are not
authorized for wear on this award.

Task Force 90 01 Jul 50 to 31 Mar 51
1st Provisional Marine Brigade 02 Aug 50 to 06 Sep 50
1st Marine Aircraft Wing 03 Aug 50 to 26 Feb 51
Task Force 95 12 Sep 50 to 03 Aug 51
1st Marine Division 15 Sep 50 to 27 Sep 50
1st Marine Division 26 Oct 50 to 27 Jul 53
1st Marine Aircraft Wing 27 Feb 51 to 11 Jun 53
1st Korea Regimental Combat Team & USMC Advisory Group 30 Oct 52 to 01 Nov 52

USMC Advisory Component of the U.S. Navy Advisory Group Korea 01 Feb 53 to 27 Jul 54
Commander, U.S. Marine Corps Forces Korea 09 Dec 99 to 24 Apr 02

Korean Service

a. Authorization. E.O. 10179 of 8 November 1950.

b. Eligibility Requirements. Awarded to all members of the U.S. Armed Forces who participated in operations in the Korean area during the period between 27 June 1950 and 27 July
1954, under the following circumstances:

(1) Sea Duty. Service for one or more days in the designated area, attached to and serving on board a naval vessel.

(2) Shore Duty. Attached to and regularly serving on shore in the designated area, for one or more days, with an organization that participated in combat operations or in direct
support of combat missions.

(3) Temporary Additional Duty. Service of 30 consecutive or 60 nonconsecutive days in the prescribed area, unless personnel participate in actual combat, in which case the
time limit is waived.

(4) Passengers. Individuals in a purely passenger status shall be ineligible unless the unit in which they are embarked engages in actual combat. Patients in a hospital ship
are considered as attached to the ship.

c. Engagement Stars. The prerequisite for wearing a star on the Korean Service Medal shall be service in a ship, aircraft unit or shore-based force at the time it participated
in actual combat with the enemy for which a star was authorized, or participation in duty considered equally hazardous.

(1) A 3/16-inch bronze star indicative of actual combat in an operation or an engagement, as authorized by SECNAV, will be worn two points down on the suspension ribbon of
the medal and on the ribbon bar. A 3/16-inch silver star will be worn in lieu of five bronze stars. Participation in combat operations during the following operations establish eligibility
for one bronze star for each operation listed:

North Korean Aggression 27 Jun 50 to Nov 50
Communist China Aggression 03 Nov 50 to 24 Jan 51
Inchon Landing 13 Sep 50 to 17 Sep 50
1st U.N. Counteroffensive 25 Jan 51 to 21 Apr 51
Communist China Spring Offensive 22 Apr 51 to 08 Jul 51
U.N. Summer-Fall Offensive 09 Jul 51 to 27 Nov 51
2nd Korean Winter 28 Nov 51 to 30 Apr 52
Korean Defense, Summer-Fall 1952 01 May 52 to 30 Nov 52
3rd Korean Winter 01 Dec 52 to 30 Apr 53
Korea, Summer 1953 01 May 53 to 27 Jul 53

(2) Ships and units considered to have participated in combat operations are those which:

(a) Engaged the enemy.

(b) Participated in ground action.

(c) Engaged in aerial flights over enemy territory.

(d) Took part in shore bombardment, minesweeping, or amphibious assault.

(e) Engaged in or launched commando-type raids or other operations behind enemy lines. (£1 Engaged in redeployment under enemy fire.

(g) Engaged in blockade of Korean waters.

(h) Operated as part of carrier task groups from which offensive air strikes were launched.

(i) Were part of mobile logistics support forces in combat areas. Presence in a combat zone primarily for training or transit does not qualify.

Kosovo Campaign

a. Authorization. E.O. 13154 of 3 May 2000.

b. Eligibility requirements. Issued to officer and enlisted personnel of the U.S. Armed Forces participating in or in direct support of Kosovo operations within the established
areas of eligibility (AOE)

(1) Personnel must have served in one or both of the following campaign AOEs:

(a) Kosovo Air Campaign AOE (24 March to 10 June 1999): total land and air space of Serbia (including Kosovo), Montenegro, Albania, Macedonia, Bosnia, Croatia, Hungary,
Romania, Greece, Bulgaria, Italy, Slovenia, and the waters and air space of the Adriatic and Ionian Seas north of the 39th latitude.

(b) Kosovo Defense Campaign AOE (11 June 1999 to TBD) : total land and air space of Serbia (including Kosovo), Montenegro, Albania, Macedonia, and the waters and air space of
the Adriatic Sea within 12 nautical miles of the Montenegro, Albania, and Croatia coastlines south of 42 degrees 52 minutes north latitude.

(c) The above campaign AOEs include the following operations in which personnel may have participated or served in direct support of:

ALLIED FORCE 24 Mar 99 to 10 Jun 99
NOBLE ANVIL 24 Mar 99 to 20 Jul 99
Task Force SABER 31 Mar 99 to 08 Jul 99
Task Force HUNTER 01 Apr 99 to 01 Nov 99
SUSTAIN HOPE 04 Apr 99 to 10 Jul 99
SHINING HOPE 04 Apr 99 to 10 Jul 99
ALLIED HARBOR 04 Apr 99 to 01 Sep 99
Task Force HAWK 05 Apr 99 to 24 Jun 99
JOINT GUARDIAN 11 Jun 99 to TBD
Task Force FALCON 11 Jun 99 to TBD per JOINT GUARDIAN

(2) While engaged in direct support of the operation or as members of an operational unit participating in the operation, personnel must serve 30 consecutive or 60 non- consecutive days in the AOE or meet one of the following criteria:

(a) Be engaged in actual combat with armed opposition, or duty equally as hazardous, during the operation, regardless of time in the AOE; or

(b) Be wounded, injured, or require medical evacuation from the AOE regardless of time in the AOE; or

(c) Participate as regularly assigned aircrew members flying sorties into, out of, within or over the AOE in direct support of military operations; for example, reconnaissance,
combat air patrol, or electronic surveillance missions subject to anti-aircraft fire and surface-to-air missiles, vice administrative or logistical flights within secure areas. Each
day that one or more sorties are flown, into, out of, within or over the AOE shall count as one day toward the 30 or 60-day requirement.

c. Definition. Direct support is defined as service supplied by ground units, ships, or aircraft, provided it actually involves entering the AOE. Such service may include ships and aircraft providing fire, patrol, guard, reconnaissance, or other military support. A unit that was not specifically assigned to support the above listed operations, or was not subject to combat conditions, must request approval via their operational command to Commander, U.S. Naval Forces, Europe ( COMUSNAVEUR) .

d. Awarding Authority

(1) Commanding officers exercising Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal authority are authorized to award the Kosovo Campaign Medal (KCM) . COMUSNAVEUR is the final authority for questions of eligibility.

(2) SECDEF approved the award to the following naval vessels, as an exception to policy, for the period of the Kosovo Air Campaign (24 March to 10 June 1999): USS NORFOLK, USS
MIAMI, USS ALBUQUERQUE, USS NICHOLSON, USS PHILIPPINE SEA, and USS GONZALEZ.

e. Engagement Stars. A maximum of two service stars may be earned for the KCM, one for the Air Campaign and one for the Defense Campaign. The eligibility periods for the service stars
may not overlap. Service stars shall - not be awarded for participation in the individual operations listed above.
Kuwait Liberation (Kuwait)

a. Authorization. Established by the Government of Kuwait and accepted by Deputy SECDEF on 7 August 1995.

b. Eligibility Requirements. The Kuwait Liberation Medal (Kuwait) is awarded to members of the Armed Forces of the United States who participated in Operations DESERT
SHIELD/DESERT STORM between 2 August 1990 and 31 August 1993 in one or more of the following areas: Arabian Gulf; Red Sea; Gulf of Oman; that portion of the Arabian Sea north of 10 degrees north latitude and west of 68 degrees east longitude; the Gulf of Aden; or the total land areas of Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Bahrain, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates. U.S. Armed Forces personnel are eligible for the Kuwait Liberation Medal (Kuwait) under one or more of the following conditions:

(1) Attached to or regularly serving for one or more days with an organization participating in ground/shore operations.

(2) Attached to or regularly serving for one or more days aboard a naval vessel directly supporting military operations.

(3) Actually participating as a crewmember in one or more aerial flights supporting military operations in the areas designated above.

(4) Serving on temporary duty for 30 consecutive or 60 nonconsecutive days, during the period 2 August 1990 to 31 August 1993, under any of the criteria above. This time limit
may be waived for personnel participating in actual combat operations.

(5) The Kuwait Liberation Medal (Kuwait) may be awarded posthumously to the primary next of kin of service members who lost their lives while, or as a direct result of,
participating in Operations DESERT SHIELD/DESERT STORM between 2 August 1990 and 31 August 1993, without regard to length of service, if otherwise eligible.

c. Eligibility Determinations and Record Entries. Commanding officers shall determine eligibility upon review of an individual's service record, and are authorized to issue the
award. Commanding officers shall make appropriate service record entries for enlisted personnel and issue letters of eligibility for officers. Copies of the letters to officers
shall be forwarded to NPC (PERS-312) or CMC (MMSB), as appropriate, for filing in their records. No citation or certificate will be issued. The eligibility period and
geographic boundaries were specified by the Government of Kuwait and may not be waived.
Kuwait Liberation (Saudi)

a. Authorization. Established by the Government of Saudi Arabia and accepted by Deputy SECDEF on 3 January 1992.

b. Eligibility Requirements. The Kuwait Liberation Medal (Saudi Arabia) is awarded to members of the Armed Forces of the United States who participated in Operation DESERT STORM between 17 January and 28 February 1991 in one or more of the following areas: the Persian Gulf; Red Sea; Gulf of Oman; that portion of the Arabian Sea that lies north of 10 degrees north latitude and west of 68 degrees east longitude; the Gulf of Aden; or the total land areas of Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Bahrain, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates. U.S. Armed Forces personnel are eligible for the Kuwait Liberation Medal (Saudi Arabia) under one or more of the following conditions:

(1) Attached to or regularly serving for one or more days with an organization participating in ground/shore operations.

(2) Attached to or regularly serving for one or more days aboard a naval vessel directly supporting military operations.

(3) Actually participating as a crewmember in one or more aerial flights supporting military operations in the areas designated above.

(4) Serving on temporary duty for 30 consecutive days during the period 17 January to 28 February 1991 under any of the criteria above. This time limit may be waived for personnel participating in actual combat operations.

(5) The medal may be awarded posthumously.

c. Eligibility Determinations and Record Entries. Commanding officers shall determine eligibility upon review of an individual's service record and are authorized to issue the award. Commanding officers shall make appropriate service record entries for enlisted personnel and issue letters of eligibility for officers. Copies of the letters to officers shall be forwarded to NPC (PERS-312) or CMC (MMSB), as appropriate, for filing in their records. No citation or certificate will be issued. The eligibility period and geographic boundaries were specified by the Government of Saudi Arabia and may not be waived.
Legion of Merit

a. Authorization. 10 U.S.C.

b. Eligibility Requirements. Awarded to members of the Armed Forces of the United States who distinguish themselves by exceptionally meritorious conduct in performing outstanding service. To justify this decoration, the service rendered must have been comparable to that required for the Distinguished Service Medal, but in a duty of lesser, though considerable, responsibility. In general, the Legion of Merit will be awarded to officers in lesser commands at sea, or principal commands on shore, who have performed such exceptionally meritorious service as to justify the award of the Distinguished Service Medal, except as to degree of merit. However, this should not be interpreted to preclude the award of the Legion of Merit to any individual, regardless of grade or rate, whose acts or services meet the requirements. When the degree of achievement or service rendered, although meritorious, is not sufficient to warrant the award of the Legion of Merit, the Bronze Star Medal or the Meritorious Service Medal should be considered.

c. Combat Distinguishing Device. The Combat Distinguishing Device was authorized for service subsequent to 17 July 1967. It was discontinued in April 1974, but reauthorized effective 17 January 1991.

Marine Corps Drill Instructor

a. Authorization. SECNAV letter 1650 Ser NDBDM/482 of 15 July 1997.

b. Eligibility Requirements

(1) Personnel. Marines possessing the 8511 MOS, who have served in an 8511 billet, are eligible to receive the Marine Corps Drill Instructor Ribbon (MCDIR). In addition, Marines in the following billets are eligible to receive the award :

(a) Recruit Training Regiment - CO, XO, Operations Officer (S-3), SGTMAJ, Series Commander.

(b) Recruiting Training Battalion - CO, XO, S-3, SGTMAJ .

(c) Recruit Training Regiment Support Battalion - CO, XO, S-3, SGTMAJ, Company Commanding Officers

(d) Drill Instructor School - Director and Assistant Director.

(e) Officer Candidate Company - CO, XO, ISTSGT, Company Gunnery Sergeant, and Platoon Commanders.

(2) Period of Service

(a) Drill Instructors. Marines assigned to drill instructor duty (MOS 8511) are eligible to receive the ribbon upon completion of a successful tour of duty. A Marine who extends beyond the basic tour of duty is eligible upon completion of the extension period. Marines returning for subsequent tours as drill instructors are eligible for subsequent awards upon the completion of each tour.

(b) Additional Billets. Marines assigned in those billets listed in subparagraphs (a) through (e) above are eligible to receive the ribbon upon completion of a successful assignment. Marines assigned as Assistant Marine Officer Instructors are not eligible for this award.

(c) Posthumous Awards. On a case-by-case basis, the MCDIR may be awarded posthumously without regard to period of service.

c. Definitions. For the purpose of determining eligibility for this award, the following definitions apply:

(1) Drill Instructor. Duty performed in an 8511 MOS billet as set forth in the Table of Organization.

(2) Prescribed Tour of Duty

(a) Drill Instructor. The Marine's projected detachment date from drill instructor duty is considered the end of a qualifying tour of duty. Personnel who transfer prior to their original projected rotation date are authorized to receive this award if they complete a minimum of 20 months (for those who received their 8511 MOS before December 1996) or 30 months (for those who receive their 8511 MOS on or after 1 December 1996) of drill instructor duty. Personnel who were transferred due to Relief for Cause or Relief for the Good of the Service are not eligible for this award.

(b) Marines serving in the additional billets outlined in subparagraphs b. (1) (a) through (e) above are required to serve a total of 18 cumulative months in those billets in order to be eligible for the ribbon.

(3) Successful Tour. A successful tour is defined as completing the prescribed tour of duty as outlined above.

d. Waivers. Requests for waiver of eligibility criteria, or questions regarding a successful tour of duty, should be sent to the Commanding General of the respective Marine Corps Recruit Depot, or in the case of Officer Candidate School, to the Commanding General, Training Command, for decision.

e. Award Elements. The award consists of a ribbon bar only. No citation or certificate will be issued.

f. Retroactive Awards. The MCDIR may be awarded retroactively to 6 October 1952.

g. Awarding Authority. Authority to award the MCDIR is delegated to commanding officers.
Marine Corps Expeditionary

a. Authorization. M.C.G.O. No. 33 of 8 May 1919.

b. Eligibility Requirements. Awarded to U.S. Marine Corps personnel per the requirements listed above for the Navy Expeditionary Medal. CMC maintains listings of eligible units.

c. Limitations. The Marine Corps Expeditionary Medal (MCEM) may only be awarded when Navy and Marine Corps units were the sole participants in the designated operation. In cases where an operation involved the participation of units from other branches of the U.S. Armed Forces, the AFEM shall be considered the more appropriate award. See paragraph 10 below for further details regarding the AFEM.

d. Branch of Service. In cases where Navy personnel are assigned to units of the Marine Corps operating forces that have been awarded the MCEM, Navy personnel will wear the NEM in lieu of the MCEM. Conversely, Marines assigned to units of the Navy operating forces that have been awarded the NEM will wear the MCEM in lieu of the NEM.

Marine Corps Good Conduct
a. Authorization. Special Order No. 49 of 20 July 1896 established the Marine Corps Good Conduct Medal (MCGCM) to recognize good behavior and faithful service in the Marine Corps. The CMC has review authority over the MCGCM and designates specific criteria for the award.

b. Eligibility Requirements

(1) Service

(a) Any three years of continuous active service after 10 December 1945, regardless of expiration or extension of enlistments and any previous or subsequent disciplinary action, except as indicated in subparagraph (b) for enlisted personnel, Regular or Reserve, including service in temporary warrant or temporary commissioned status, provided such temporary officer reverts to enlisted status. Also, if reenlisted within a period of 90 days from date of discharge, it will not be construed as an interruption of continuous service, but the period between discharge and reenlistment will not be counted.

(b) Individual Ready Reservists, mobilized for three continuous years, may elect the MCGCM in lieu of continuing their eligibility for the Selected Marine Corps Reserve Medal. Administrative units should make an appropriate entry in the Marine's official military record (OMPF), which indicates the Marine was mobilized under Title 10, specifies the dates of the mobilization period, and that the Marine elected to receive the MCGCM for the period of active duty. A copy of the Marine's orders and the award certificate should be filed in the Marine's OMPF for historical purposes.

(c) Provided the individual is otherwise qualified, an MCGCM shall be authorized for any three years of enlisted service consisting of a combination of periods of active service in a war, national emergency, or armed hostilities in which the United States is engaged. When the first period of such service terminated prior to 10 December 1945, a total of four years of enlisted service is required. In establishing eligibility for the MCGCM under this paragraph, service performed during World War 11, Korea, and Vietnam will not be creditable unless entry or reentry to active service occurred during the inclusive periods 8 September 1939 to 31 December 1946; 27 June 1950 to 27 July 1954; and/or 3 July 1965 to 30 September 1975.

(d) For the first award only, the MCGCM may be awarded, provided conduct requirements are met, to the next of kin in cases when a service member is killed in combat against an opposing armed force, or dies as a direct result of wounds received in combat against an opposing armed force, or dies in the line of duty when such death was directly related to actions against the enemy. In addition, for the first award only, the MCGCM is authorized for individuals who are separated from the Naval Service for physical disability, as a result of wounds incurred in combat against an opposing armed force, or in the line of duty when such wounds resulted directly from action against the enemy, provided conduct requirements are met. For the first award only, the MCGCM may be presented posthumously to the next of kin of POWs if the service member's death occurs while in a POW status, provided it has been determined the individual's conduct while a POW was acceptable.

(e) The three-year requirement for the MCGCM may be waived upon a Marine's completion of Officer Candidate School (OCS), as long as the period waived does not exceed 90 days. Upon completion of OCS, requests for waiver of the three-year requirement shall be submitted to CMC (MMMA) for consideration.

(2) Conduct

(a) The MCGCM shall be earned for otherwise qualifying service, involving no convictions by courts-martial or non-judicial punishment (NJP) under the Uniform Code of Military Justice, Article 15, and no lost time by reason of sickness-misconduct or injury-misconduct. Prior to 27 April 1990, not more than one NJP was allowed.

(b) When NJP or a court-martial voids creditability of service, a new good conduct period shall commence effective on the date of approval of the NJP, or on the date of the convening authority's action on the court-martial, except when the offense occurred within the three-year period and the date of approval of the NJP or of the convening authority's action is after the expiration of the three-year period; under these circumstances, the date of the offense shall be the commencement date for the new period. Offenses committed in a previous period will not be considered when determining eligibility during the current three-year period.

(c) When sentenced to confinement as a result of conviction by any court-martial, a new period shall begin with the date of restoration to duty, even though in a probationary status. The date of approval by the convening authority on all courts-martial, not involving confinement, shall be the new commencement date. (See also Individual Records Administration Manual (IRAM) Para. 4008, MCO P1070.12K. )

(d) In cases of time lost due to sickness-misconduct or injury-misconduct, the date of return to duty shall be the new commencement date for MCGCM qualifying service.

(e) In the case of individuals placed on the Temporary Disability Retired List (TDRL) who subsequently return to active duty, the period spent on the TDRL does not count as a break in service, nor does it count as active service for computing eligibility for the MCGCM.

(f) When the foregoing requirements have been met, but it is evident the individual is not deserving of the MCGCM due to a repeated record of valid letters of indebtedness, conviction(s) by civil court for major offense(s), or other acts not in keeping with the high moral standards of the Marine Corps, the commanding officer will make the appropriate recommendation to CMC (MMMA) stating the reasons.

c. Certificates. A Good Conduct Award Certificate (NAVMC-11416(11-02)) will be completed by the commanding officer at the time entitlement is confirmed for presentation to the member.
Marine Corps Recruiting

a. Authorization. SECNAV letter 1650 Ser NDBDM/0491 of 7 June 1995.

b. Eligibility Requirements. Marines possessing Military Occupational Specialty (MOS) 8411 or 8412, who have served in a MOS 8411 or 8412 billet, are eligible to receive the Marine
Corps Recruiting Ribbon (MCRR) . Eligible members must meet the following criteria:

(1) Recruiters. Marines assigned to recruiting duty (MOS 8411) are eligible to receive the ribbon upon completion of a successful tour of duty. A Marine who extends beyond the basic tour of duty is eligible upon completion of the extension period. Marines returning for subsequent tours are eligible for subsequent awards upon completion of each tour. A recruiter who becomes a career recruiter is eligible to receive the ribbon upon assignment of the MOS 8412.

(2) Extended Active Duty (EAD) Recruiters. EAD recruiters (MOS 8411) are eligible to receive the ribbon upon completion of 36 months of consecutive service in an 8411 billet. Subsequent awards will be issued for each successful 36-month period.

(3) Career Recruiters. A new award period for career recruiters will begin on the date they receive the 8412 MOS They will be eligible to receive subsequent awards upon the completion of each 36-month period following that date.

(4) Command recruiters and recruiter aides are not eligible for this award.

c. Definitions. The following definitions apply for determining eligibility:

(1) Recruiting Duty. Duty performed in an 8411 or 8412 billet as set forth in the table of organization. Duty performed at the recruiting station level in the billets of commanding officer (CO), executive officer (XO), operations officer (OPSO), officer selection officer (OSO), or sergeant major (SGTMAJ)

(2) Marine Corps District. Duty performed at the district level in the billets of CO, Deputy for Recruiting Operations, Assistant for Officer Procurement, Assistant for Aviation Officer Procurement, Assistant for Enlisted Recruiting, or SGTMAJ.

(3) Prescribed Tour of Duty. A Marine's date of detachment from recruiting duty is considered the end of a qualifying tour of duty. Personnel who are transferred prior to their original projected rotation date are authorized to receive this award if they complete a minimum of 30 months on recruiting duty. Personnel who are transferred due to Relief for Cause or Relief for the Good of the Service are not eligible for this award. Requests for waivers of the 30-month requirement should be sent to the appropriate CG, Recruit Depot/Marine Corps Recruiting Region for decision.

(4) Successful Tour. Completion of the prescribed tour of duty as outlined in above.

d. Retroactive Awards. The MCRR may be awarded retroactively to 1 January 1973, reflecting the establishment of the all-volunteer force.

e. Awarding Authority. Authority to award the MCRR is delegated to commanding officers. Issuance of the award is recorded in the Marine's Service Record Book/Officer Qualification Record. The award consists of a ribbon bar only. No citation or certificate will be issued.
Marine Corps Reserve

Authorized by the Secretary of the Navy, December 17, 1945.

Awarded by the Commandant of the U.S. Marine Corps for each 10-year period of honorable military service in the U.S. Marine Corps Reserve between December 17, 1945 and December 17, 1965. Military service after December 17, 1965, shall only be accredited toward the Armed Forces Reserve Medal.
Marine Corps Security Guard
a. Authorization. SECNAV letter 1650 Ser NDBDM/482 of 15 July 1997.

b. Eliaibilitv Reauirements

(1) Personnel. Marines possessing MOS 8151 who are serving with the Marine Security Guard Battalion (MSGBN), or previously served with the MSGBN in MOS 8151 billets at embassies, are eligible to receive the Marine Corps Security Guard Ribbon (MCSGR). MSGBN personnel are also eligible to receive the ribbon; however, personnel serving at Headquarters, MSGBN are not eligible. In addition, the following personnel are eligible to receive the MCSGR:

(a) Training Personnel: Director of Marine Security Guard (MSG) School/Battalion Commander; Officer in Charge (OIC) of MSG School; Operations Officer MSGBN; Assistant OPS Officer MSGBN; and SGTMAJ of MSGBN.

(b) Command Personnel: Lettered Company Commander /Executive Officer (~0)/0perations (OPS) Inspecting Officers/First Sergeant (1STSGT) and MSGBN XO.

(2) Period of Service

(a) Marines assigned to Marine Security Guard duty (MOS 8151) are eligible to receive the ribbon upon completion of 24 months of service at a foreign establishment. Subsequent awards will be made for every 24 months served, either consecutively or cumulatively. (b) Marines who served successful tours at a lettered MSGBN company headquarters or at HQ MSGBN, Quantico are not eligible to receive this award.

(c) Posthumous Awards. On a case-by-case basis, the MCSGR may be awarded posthumously without regard to period of service

(d) Personnel transferred early for the Good of the Service must have served a minimum of 12 months in the program to be eligible for this award. Personnel transferred due to Relief for Cause are not eligible for the ribbon.

c. Definition of Marine Security Guard Duty. For the purpose of determining eligibility for this award, duty performed at a Department of State overseas post in an 8151 MOS billet after graduation from the Marine Security Guard School at MSGBN Headquarters is qualifying duty. This includes Company D located in Fort Lauderdale, Florida.

d. Award Elements. The award consists of a ribbon bar only. No citation or certificate will be issued.

e. Retroactive Awards. The MCSGR may be awarded retroactively to 28 January 1949, the date the first MSGs departed Washington, DC, for their overseas assignments. One award is authorized for the period 28 January 1949 to 15 August 1974, regardless of the number of qualifying periods.

f. Awarding Authority. Authority to award the MCSGR is delegated to commanding officers. An entry will be recorded in the Marine's service record denoting issuance of the award.

g. Waivers. Requests for waiver shall be submitted to Commanding Officer, MSGBN, 2007 Elliot Road, Quantico, VA 22134-5112.
Medal for Humane Action

Authorized by an Act of Congress, July 20, 1949 (63 Stat. 477) (reference (kkkk)).

Awarded to members of the Armed Forces of the United States, and to others when recommended for meritorious participation, for Service in the Berlin Airlift. Service must have been for at least 120 days during the period June 26, 1948 and September 30, 1949, and in the following prescribed boundaries of the Berlin Airlift operations area:

NORTHERN BOUNDARY: 54th parallel north latitude

EASTERN BOUNDARY: 14th meridian east longitude

SOUTHERN BOUNDARY: 48th parallel north latitude

WESTERN BOUNDARY: 5th meridian west longitude

Posthumous award of the medal may be made for any person who lost his and/or her life while, or as a direct result of, participating in the Berlin Airlift, without regard to length of service, if otherwise eligible.
Medal of Honor

C2.1. PURPOSE The purpose of this Chapter is to furnish guidance to the Military Departments in the processing of recommendations for the MOH.

C2.2. PROCEDURES INVOLVING RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE MOH

C2.2.1. The Secretary concerned shall establish procedures for processing recommendations for the award of the MOH in his or her Military Department. Minimally, those recommendations shall contain the endorsement of the subordinate Unified Combatant Commander or the JTF Commander, if involved; the Unified Combatant Commander concerned; and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. After endorsement by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the recommendation shall be referred to the Secretary concerned for appropriate action.

C2.2.2. The Army and Air Force MOH recommendations must be entered formally into official channels in two years of the act warranting the recommendation, and awarded in three years (except as provided in title 10 U.S.C. 3744 or 8744 (reference (e)) and Section 1130 of title 10, U.S.C. (reference (a))). The Navy-Marine Corps MOH recommendations must be formally entered into official channels in three years of the act warranting the recommendation, and awarded in five years (except as provided in Section 6248 of reference (f) and Section 1130 of reference (a)). However, a Member of Congress can request consideration of a proposal for the award or presentation of a decoration not previously submitted in a timely fashion under
reference (a).

C2.2.3. Recommendations for award of the MOH disapproved by a Secretary of a Military Department, or the Secretary of Defense, may only be resubmitted if new, substantive and material information is provided in the time limits in 10 U.S.C. 3744, 6248, and 8744 (references (e) and (f)). The information forming the basis must have been previously unknown and not considered by recommending and disapproving officials. The determination of the existence of new material and substantive information being a basis for reconsideration may not be delegated below the Secretary of a Military Department.

C2.2.3.1. The remaining bases for reconsideration are instances in which a Secretary of a Military Department or the Secretary of Defense determines there is evidence of material error or impropriety in the original processing or decision on a recommendation for award of the MOH. Examples of such instances might be loss of accompanying and/or substantiating documents to the recommendation or proven gender or racial discrimination. Determination of the existence of material error or impropriety in the original processing and decision shall not be delegated below the Secretary of a Military Department. In such cases, the Secretary of Defense shall determine the need for legislation.

C2.2.3.2. All other instances of reconsideration shall be limited to those in which the formal recommendation was submitted in statutory time limits, the recommendation was lost or inadvertently not acted on, and when those facts are conclusively established by the respective Secretary of a Military Department or other official delegated appropriate authority. Those provisions are to protect the integrity and purity of purpose of the MOH by ensuring that all relevant information is submitted and considered while the actions are fresh in the minds of the witnesses.

C2.3. PRESENTATION OF THE MOH When practical, presentation of the MOH shall be made by the President of the United States, as the Commander in Chief (CINC), in a formal ceremony in Washington, DC. As such, premature public disclosure of information concerning recommendations, processing and approval or disapproval actions is a potential source of embarrassment to those recommended and the Government. Additionally, in the case of approved recommendations, it could diminish the impact of ceremonies at which the presentation
is made. Therefore, to prevent premature disclosure, the policy of the Department of Defense is not to comment on any MOH case under consideration. Accordingly, the processing of MOH recommendations shall be handled on a "FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY" basis until the awards are announced officially or are presented.

C2.4. COURTESIES AND PRIVILEGES AFFORDED MOH RECIPIENTS

C2.4.1. Each recipient receives a monthly 400 dollar pension from the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA).

C2.4.2. Enlisted recipients who retire with 20 or more years of Military Service receive a 10-percent increase in retired pay, not to exceed the 75 percent maximum.

C2.4.3. Recipients are issued a special MOH Travel and Identification Card signed by the Secretary of a Military Department. That entitles recipients who are not on active duty and not military retirees to use space available military air transportation.

C2.4.4. Unlike military personnel and retirees, MOH recipients may wear their uniforms at any time or place they choose.

C2.4.5. Recipients who are not on active duty and not military retirees are issued a DoD Identification Card, as are their family members. It authorizes them military commissary, post exchange, and theater privileges. All of the Services, consistent with DoD policy, authorize use of morale, welfare, and recreation activities, including honorary club membership without dues.

C2.4.6. Children of MOH recipients are not subject to quotas if they are qualified and desire to attend one of the U.S. military academies.

C2.4.7. MOH recipients receive invitations to attend Presidential inaugurations and accompanying festivities. Military recipients and those who are civil servants have traditionally been authorized administrative absence instead of chargeable leave to attend.

C2.4.8. The VA provides a special engraved headstone for deceased recipients of the MOH.

C2.4.9. MOH recipients should be accorded on-base billeting commensurate with the prestige associated with the MOH.

AP1.1.1. This Appendix contains a brief description of the various decorations that have been authorized for the Armed Forces of the United States:

AP1.1.2. Those decorations include the following:

AP1.1.2.1. MOH (U.S. Navy, U.S. Marine Corps, U.S. Coast Guard)

AP1.1.2.1.1. Authorized by Section 6241of title 10, U.S.C., "Medal of Honor" (reference (xx)).

AP1.1.2.1.2. Awarded pursuant to 10 U.S.C. 6241 (U.S. Navy and U.S. Marine Corps Service members) and 14 U.S.C. (U.S. Coast Guard Service members) (references (xx) and (yy)) by the President of the United States in the name of the Congress. The MOH may be awarded to Service members of the U.S. Navy, the U.S. Marine Corps, and the U.S. Coast Guard who distinguish themselves conspicuously by gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of their lives above and beyond the call of duty under any of the following circumstances:

AP1.1.2.1.2.1. While engaged in an action against an enemy of the United States.

AP1.1.2.1.2.2. While engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing foreign force.

AP1.1.2.1.2.3. While serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in an armed conflict against an opposing armed force in which the United States is not a belligerent party.

AP1.1.2.2. MOH (U.S. Army)

AP1.1.2.2.1. Authorized by Congress through "A Resolution to Provide for the Presentation of Medals of Honor," July 12, 1862, as amended.

AP1.1.2.2.2. Awarded pursuant to 10 U.S.C. 3741 (reference (zz)) by the President of the United States in the name of the Congress. The MOH may be awarded to members of the U.S. Army who distinguish themselves conspicuously by gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of their lives above and beyond the call of duty under any of the following circumstances:

AP1.1.2.2.2.1. While engaged in an action against an enemy of the United States.

AP1.1.2.2.2.2. While engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing foreign force.

AP1.1.2.2.2.3. While serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in an armed conflict against an opposing armed force in which the United States is not a belligerent party.

AP1.1.2.3. MOH (U.S. Air Force)

AP1.1.2.3.1. The basis for the U.S. Air Force medal is the legislation authorizing the U.S. Army medal. It was authorized specifically for the U.S. Air Force
upon enactment of Section 8741 of title 10, U.S.C. (reference (aaa)).

AP1.1.2.3.2. Awarded pursuant to Section 8741 of title 10, U.S.C. (reference (aaa)), by the President of the United States in the name of the Congress. The MOH may be awarded to members of the U.S. Air Force who distinguish themselves conspicuously by gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of their lives above and beyond the call of duty under any of the following conditions:

AP1.1.2.3.2.1. While engaged in an action against an enemy of the United States.

AP1.1.2.3.2.2. While engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing foreign force.

AP1.1.2.3.2.3. While serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in an armed conflict against an opposing armed force in which the United States is not a belligerent party.

C1.4.5.4. Release and distribute individual Service member’s rank, name, title of award and legal residence/domicile (voting district and state or city and state as determined by the Military Department concerned) to the Service member’s Congressional delegation (Senate and House) when certain decorations are awarded. This policy shall apply when the Service member is awarded one of the following medals from the DoD or their respective branch of service:

C1.4.5.4.1. The Medal of Honor.

C1.4.5.5. Release and distribution of the information in paragraph C1.4.5.4., shall be made:

C1.4.5.5.1. When it will not present a compromise to National Security, ongoing military operations, or the overall security of the DoD. If the awardee is serving in an intelligence, counterintelligence, special mission or security position, and/or involved in sensitive programs or operations or is in a unit or a position that frequently or regularly deploys overseas, the above mentioned information will not be released without concurrence from the appropriate Service Intelligence/Security Office. C1 4.5.5.2. When it will not create an undue risk to the privacy and security of the awardees and their families. Where such a risk is possible, the information may be denied.

C1.4.5.5.3. Only after official announcement or presentation of the award occurs. This is to prevent premature disclosure which could minimize the impact of ceremonies.

C1.4.5.5.4. With the following statement attached:

The information contained herein is provided to Congress in the event members wish to convey congratulations to valorous Service members.
Geographic locations or units of assignment of awardees, while not classified, may potentially expose the member to risk if the information is
publicized openly, or released without attention to purpose.

C1.4.5.6. The citation and certificate of the awards listed in paragraph C1.4.5.4., will not be forwarded to Congress unless specifically requested by a Member of Congress. Upon receipt of requests for additional information such as information on all awards, decorations, or citations, the Services shall conduct a security and privacy review and obtain concurrence to release from appropriate Service Intelligence/Security officials, as well as their Privacy Office. In those situations where Services believe there could be a risk or a compromise to national security, the information will be sanitized by removing or rewording the identifying particulars or the release may be denied. This applies to all requests for award citations listed in paragraph C1.4.5.4. The Office of USD(I) is available to assist Service Intelligence/Security officials in review of those releases where security and potential compromise of intelligence-related information is an issue. The cover statement put forth in paragraph C1.4.5.5.4. must accompany all citation and certificate information provided to Congress.
Meritorious Service

a. Authorization. E.O. 11448 of 16 January 1969, as amended by E.O. 12312 of 2 July 1981.

b. Eligibility Requirements. Awarded to members of the Armed Forces of the United States, or members of the armed forces of a friendly foreign nation, who distinguish themselves by outstanding meritorious achievement or service to the United States. To justify this decoration, the acts or services rendered by an individual, regardless of grade or rate, must have be comparable to that required for the Legion of Merit, but in a duty of lesser responsibility. The Meritorious Service Medal is the counterpart of the Bronze Star Medal for the recognition of meritorious non-combat service. When the degree of meritorious achievement or service rendered is not sufficient to warrant the award of the Meritorious Service Medal, the Navy Commendation Medal, when appropriate, should be considered.

Multinational Force and Observers

a. Authorization. Established by Director General, Multinational Force and Observers (MFO).

b. Eligibility Requirements. Awarded by the Director General, MFO, to personnel of the Armed Forces who served with the MFO for at least 90 cumulative days in the Sinai. Subsequent awards will be denoted by an appropriate metallic numeral. Effective date of the award is 3 August 1981. This award is not authorized for service in Lebanon.

National Defense Service

a. Authorization. E.O. 10448, E.O. 12776, and E.O. 13293.

b. Eligibility Requirements

(1) Honorable active service as a member of the Armed Forces for any of the following periods, all dates inclusive: 27 June 1950 to 28 July 1954; 1 January 1961 to 14 August 1974; 2 August 1990 to 30 November 1995; and 12 September 2001 to a date to be determined.

(2) Categories of personnel listed below are ineligible, except as noted:

(a) Guard and Reserve force personnel on short tours of active duty to fulfill training obligations under an inactive duty training program, including drill periods and two-week training. However, effective 8 October 1991, the President of the United States expanded criteria to include all members of the National Guard and Reserve who were part of the Selected Reserve in good standing during the periods 2 August 1990 to 30 November 1995, and from 12 September 2001 to a date to be determined. Consequently, all members of the Navy and Marine Corps Reserve who were part of the Selected Reserve in good standing during said periods are eligible.

(b) Any person on temporary active duty to serve on boards, courts, commissions and like organizations.

(c) Any person on active duty for the sole purpose of undergoing a physical examination.

(d) Any person on active duty for purposes other than extended active duty.

(3) Subparagraph (2) above shall not bar award of the National Defense Service Medal (NDSM) to members of the Guard or Reserve forces, who, after 31 December 1960, become eligible for award of the Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal or the Vietnam Service Medal, who serve for 30 days or more on temporary active duty. Such persons shall be considered to be performing active service for the purpose of eligibility for the NDSM.

(4) Midshipmen attending the Naval Academy during the above periods are eligible for this medal.

(5) Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps (NROTC) Midshipmen are only eligible if they participated in a summer cruise in an area that qualified for a campaign medal.
Nato Kosovo

This award is authorized by the secretary general of NATO for specific NATO operations relating to Kosovo. In accordance with Executive Order 11446, Jan. 16, 1969, the secretary of defense has approved acceptance and wear by U.S. service members who meet criteria specified by the secretary general of NATO effective Oct. 13, 1998 - date to be determined. The following are Kosovo Operations:

Operations Allied Force (March 24, 1999 - June 10, 1999); Joint Guardian (June 11, 1999 - DTBD); Allied Harbour (April 4, 1999 - Sept. 1, 1999); Sustain Hope/Shining Hope (April 4, 1999 - July 10, 1999); Noble Anvil (March 24, 1999 - July 20, 1999); or Kosovo Task Force(s): Hawk (April 5, 1999 - June 24, 1999), Saber (March 31, 1999 - July 8, 1999), Falcon (June 11, 1999 - DTBD, coincides with Joint Guardian), or Hunter (April 1, 1999 - Nov. 1, 1999).

Please refer to DoD 1348.33-M, Chapter 7, Paragaph E.1.k., pages 7-10 for specific individual eligibility requirements.

To recognize subsequent awards (if approved by the secretary of defense) for service in a different NATO operation, U.S. service members will affix a bronze service star to the NATO Medal suspension medal and ribbon.

Authorized device: Clasp

Nato

a. Authorization. Established by the Secretary General, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). As authorized by E.O. 11446, SECDEF ap.proved acceptance and wear on 25 July 1995.

b. Eligibility Requirements. The NATO Medal is awarded to members of the Armed Forces of the United States who served either 30 days (consecutive or cumulative) in the territory and airspace of the former Republic of Yugoslavia and the Adriatic Sea, or 90 days (consecutive or cumulative) in the area of operations. Two operations were approved for award:

(1) The former Republic of Yugoslavia and Adriatic Sea, between 1 July 1992 and 12 October 1998, including Operations DENY FLIGHT, MARITIME MONITOR, MARITIME GUARD, and SHARP GUARD.

(2) Kosovo Operations from 13 October 1998 to TBD, including ALLIED FORCE, JOINT GUARDIAN, ALLIED HARBOR, SUSTAIN/SHINING HOPE, NOBLE ANVIL, and Kosovo Task Forces. c. U.S. Armed Forces personnel may qualify for the NATO Medal under one or more of the following conditions:

(1) Served under NATO command in Headquarters, Allied Forces Southern Europe; Headquarters, Allied Naval Forces Southern Europe; Headquarters, Allied Air Forces Southern Europe; or HQ 5ATAF, and in direct support of NATO operations in the former Republic of Yugoslavia.

(2) Served under NATO command in other installations, within the area of operations and in direct support of NATO operations, as designated by Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR)

(3) Served under NATO operational command in the NATO Airborne Early Warning Force, or in ships assigned to specified operations.

(4) Served under NATO operational command in specified operations, or as NATO Liaison Officers.

d. Eligibility Determinations. Assigned units submit requests through their operational chain of command to COMUSNAVEUR or MARFOREUR. Include unit name, period of service in theater, anticipated date of departure from the theater, and name and grade of all eligible personnel.

e. Appropriate Wear. The NATO Medal presentation set may include a ribbon clasp denoting the specific operation for which the award was made. U.S. service members may retain the ribbon clasp if presented; however, wearing of the ribbon clasp with the NATO Medal or service ribbon is not authorized; only the basic medal or service ribbon is worn. A 3/16 inch bronze star is affixed to the suspension ribbon and service ribbon to denote subsequent awards.
Naval Reserve

Authorized by the Secretary of the Navy, September 12, 1938.

Awarded for each 10-year period of honorable military service in the Naval Reserve before September 12, 1958. Military service after September 12, 1958, only shall be accredited toward the Armed Forces Reserve Medal.
Naval Reserve Meritorious Service

a. Authorization. The Naval Reserve Meritorious Service Medal (NRMSM) was authorized by SECNAV on 22 June 1964. Originally SECNAV approved a National Naval Reserve Policy Board Item in 1960 for the award as a ribbon, in recognition of Navy Reservists on inactive duty for fulfilling certain requirements with distinction. The NRMSM is intended to provide Navy
Reservists an award equivalent to the Navy Good Conduct Medal.

b. Eligibility Requirements. The initial date for computation of service is 1 July 1958. From 1 July 1958 through 31 December 1995, the period of eligibility was four years. Beginning 1 January 1996, the period of eligibility is three years. The medal may be awarded to an enlisted Navy Reservist who meets the following minimum requirements:

(1) Performs three periods of active duty of not less than 12 consecutive days each, unless Commander, Navy Reserve Force or his delegated authority waives any period or portion of a period. Any combination of Annual Training (AT), Active Duty for Training (ADT), and/or Active Duty for Special Work (ADSW) satisfies the annual requirement. AT completed prior to 31 August 1994 must have been for periods of not less than 12 consecutive days, unless waived by competent authority for reasons not initiated by the individual reservist.

(2) Attends a minimum of 90 percent of all scheduled drills each year prior to 1 October 1997, and a minimum of 85 percent thereafter, with an organized unit of the Navy Reserve, for three consecutive years (authorized equivalent instruction or duty may be credited in lieu of drills). Assignments to Records Review of six months or less may be counted toward eligibility for this award, provided the member maintains eligibility for a satisfactory year toward retirement by completing correspondence courses. A period of eligibility interrupted for six months or more will result in a new three- year period beginning with the date of return to a drilling status. Situations not covered in this article should be addressed to NPC (PERS-913) for resolution.

(3) When a member of the Navy Reserve is ordered to active duty, temporary active duty, or initial active duty for training, such period(s) will be credited toward fulfillment of the requirements prescribed in paragraphs 3b(l) and (2) of this article under the following conditions:

(a) The active duty consists of at least 30 days;

(b) The member must have earned some credit toward an award while in an inactive duty drilling status, except for personnel enlisted in reserve programs with no drilling obligation prior to reporting to active duty. These programs include Two Year General Detail (GENDET), Three Year Enlistment Apprenticeship, Sea/Air Mariner (SAM), or TAR Enlistment (TEP) Programs. Personnel enlisted in these programs may receive credit toward the NRMSM for periods of active duty or active duty for training (ACDUTRA) performed, provided such a period is less than three years.

(c) Upon completion of the three-year eligibility requirement for the award while on continuous active duty, the member may not qualify for subsequent awards without returning to an inactive duty drill status. Continuous active duty may be applied toward the award of a Navy Good Conduct Medal.

(d) Active duty time credited toward the award of the Navy Good Conduct Medal may not be credited toward eligibility for the NRMSM. Active duty time not credited toward award of the NGCM may be credited toward the NRMSM provided the member affiliates with the Selected Reserve within 90 days of discharge or release from active duty and has met all other requirements for the NGCM.

(4) Conduct and Performance

(a) Member must have a clear record for the period of eligibility (no convictions by courts-martial or NJP). If a member's service record indicates convictions by either court- martial or NJP, the three-year period shall begin with the date of completion of the court-martial sentence or NJP.

(b) No enlisted performance evaluation mark below 2.0 in any trait subsequent to 31 December 1995, or below 3.0 in military knowledge/performance, rating knowledge/performance, reliability, military bearing, personal behavior, and directing between 31 August 1983 and 31 December 1995 (or equivalent when other than numerical values are assigned).

c. Certificates. A certificate shall be prepared for each award earned. The member's rate, name, branch of service, and number of the award shall be centered in the appropriate spaces. The ending date of the period of the service for which the award was earned shall be centered after "Awarded for service completed on." The commanding officer's name, rank, and branch of service shall be typed above "Commanding Officer," and his/her signature affixed.
Naval Reserve Sea Service

Authorized by the Secretary of the Navy, June 3, 1987.

Awarded to officers and enlisted personnel of the U.S. Navy and U.S. Naval Reserve for active duty, Selected Reserve, or any combination of active or Selected Reserve service after August 15, 1974, aboard a Naval Reserve ship or its Reserve unit or an embarked active or Reserve staff, for a cumulative total of 24 months. Specific eligibility requirements are outlined in U.S. Navy regulations.

AP4.1.2.85.3. Subsequent awards shall be denoted by a 3/16-inch bronze star.
Naval Reserve Special Commendation
 
Navy and Marine Corps Overseas Service

a. Authorization. SECNAV letter 1650 Ser NDBDM/886 of 17 September 1986.

b. Eligibility Requirements. Awarded to officers and enlisted personnel of the United States Navy, Navy Reserve, Marine Corps, and Marine Corps Reserve. Each service hasdistinct criteria that delineate eligibility; Navy personnel assigned to Marine Corps units follow Marine Corps policy, and vice versa.

(1) Active Duty Personnel: 12 months of consecutive or accumulated duty at an overseas shore based duty station.

(2) Reserve Personnel: 30 consecutive days or 45 cumulative days of service at overseas duty stations, including deployed units and units homeported overseas, regardless of the type of orders the member is serving under. For eligibility purposes, two Inactive Duty for Training (IDT) periods equal one day of qualifying service. Travel time does not count.

(a) Navy Reserve Personnel

1. Effective 11 September 2001, Navy Reservists may earn their initial award of the Overseas Service Ribbon (OSR) under the Reserve service requirements, but must fulfill the active duty service requirements for any subsequent award. See paragraph (b) below regarding service with the Marine Corps operating forces.

2. For overseas domiciled Reservists, qualifying service must be completed in a billet with an established Navy Reserve Unit.

(b) Personnel Serving with the Marine Corps Reserve. Since personnel serving with the Marine Corps operating forces, active or reserve, are not eligible for this award, Marine Corps personnel or Navy personnel serving with the Marine Corps operating forces, mobilized in support of a specific operation or contingency are also not eligible for the OSR.

(3) Overseas is defined as duty outside the United States at shore based commands. Mainland Alaska and Hawaii are not eligible duty stations; however, service in Adak, Alaska, does qualify. For active duty personnel, duty on board CONUS- based, deploying ships, squadrons, units, or with the Marine Corps operating forces does not qualify.

(4) Restrictions and Waivers

(a) An individual may not receive the Sea Service Deployment Ribbon and the OSR for the same period if assigned to a Marine Corps unit. After 1 October 1999, personnel assigned to overseas Navy commands may receive both awards if all eligibility requirements are met. However, the same period of time cannot be used to earn eligibility for both the Naval Reserve Sea Service Ribbon and the OSR.

(b) For active duty personnel, not more than 14 days of service time may be waived. There is no waiver for inactive reservists. For posthumous awards, the time requirements may be waived by CNO/CMC, on a case-by-case basis.

(c) Personnel serving with the Marine Corps operating forces, active or reserve, are not eligible for this award.

c. Initial and Subsequent Awards. Qualifying service performed between 15 August 1974 and 1 January 1979 will be credited only toward the initial award of the ribbon. Subsequent to 1 January 1979, one award is earned for each qualifying period.

d. Awarding Authority. Commanding officers.
Navy Arctic Service

a. Authorization. OPNAVNOTE 1650 of 3 June 1987.

b. Eligibility Requirements. Awarded to officers and enlisted personnel of the Navy and Marine Corps, or civilian citizens, national or resident aliens of the United States who complete 28 days, consecutive or non-consecutive, above the Arctic Circle after 1 January 1982. For personnel working at remote ice camps and divers working under the ice, each day of duty counts as two days when determining award eligibility. No more than one day's credit is allowed for flights in or out during any 24-hour period. Marine Corps personnel undergoing annual cold weather training above the Arctic Circle do not qualify for the 2-for-1 credit.

c. Subsequent Awards. There is no subsequent award.

d. Awarding Authority. Commanding officers of ships or units whose operations are above the Arctic Circle. Certification data, to include dates of eligibility, will be forwarded to CNO (DNS-35) for Navy personnel. Appropriate entries shall be made in the official military records of Marines eligible to receive this award.

e. Retroactive Awards. Type commanders and commanding officers of Navy Laboratories will determine and certify retroactive eligibility to 1 January 1982.

22. Naval Reserve Sea Service Ribbon

a. Authorization. SECNAV Note 5420 of 28 May 1986, OPNAVNOTE 1650 of 3 June 1987.

b. Eligibility Requirements. Awarded to officer and enlisted personnel of the Navy and Navy Reserve who, after 15 August 1974, complete a cumulative total of 24 months of any combination of active or Selected Reserve service aboard a Navy Reserve ship or its reserve unit or an embarked active or reserve staff.

(1) To be creditable for the ribbon, periods of Selected Reserve service must have been satisfactory service as defined in BUPERSINST 1001.39(series); specifically, 90 percent attendance at scheduled drills prior to 1 October 1997 and 85 percent thereafter, with annual active duty for training (ACDUTRA) performed for each period of 12 months of Selected Reserve duty.

(2) Qualifying ship duty includes duty in a self-propelled Navy Reserve ship, boat, or craft operated under the operational control of fleet or type commanders. Selected Reserve duty with staffs that regularly embark in such Navy Reserve ships, craft, or boats, is also qualifying provided at least 50 percent of the drills performed for each creditable period have been underway drills. The individuall's certification that such underway drills were performed is considered acceptable verification.

(3) Qualifying service performed between 15 August 1974 and 1 January 1979 will be credited only toward the initial award of the ribbon. Subsequent to 1 January 1979, one award is earned for each qualifying period.

(4) CNO may waive the requirements in posthumous cases, on a case-by-case basis. An individual cannot receive both the Sea Service Deployment Ribbon and the Naval Reserve Sea Service Ribbon for the same service.

c. Awarding Authority. Commanding officers. All questions regarding eligibility must be addressed via Commander, Navy Reserve Force to CNO (DNS-35).
Navy Ceremonial Guard

a. Authorization. SECNAV letter Ser NDBDM 0750 of 12 December 2003.

b. Eligibility Requirements

(1) Military personnel assigned to the Navy Ceremonial Guard in Washington, DC, on 1 May 2001 or later.

(2) Personnel must complete a successful tour of at least two years duration including a minimum of eighteen months (consecutive or non-consecutive) in a drilling status.

(a) Drilling status is defined as actual participation in ceremonies and funerals as casket bearers, firing party, color guard, ceremonial drill team, and marching platoons (to include commanders of troops, platoon petty officers, and petty officers-in-charge).

(b) Successful tour of duty is defined as service in a drilling status for a minimum of eighteen months and completion of standard honors qualification or higher. The awarding authority may waive the eighteen-month minimum requirement only for those personnel receiving full honors qualification.

(c) Successful tour of duty also includes maintaining outstanding personal standards without disciplinary incidents (no NJP, indebtedness issues, failure to meet PRT standards, or other actions bringing discredit upon the Ceremonial Guard or the Navy) throughout the tour.

c. Awarding Authority. The Commanding Officer, U.S. Navy Ceremonial Guard is designated as the awarding authority. Only one award per tour will be authorized, regardless of tour length. No citation or certificate will be issued.

d. Retroactive Awards. This award is approved for all personnel meeting the above criteria who have completed a successful tour of duty since the formal establishment of the unit in May 2001.
Navy Cross

a. Authorization. 10 U.S.C. S6242.

b. Eligibility Requirements

(1) Awarded to individuals who, while serving in any capacity with the Navy or Marine Corps, distinguish themselves by extraordinary heroism, not justifying the award of the Medal of Honor.

(a) While engaged in an action against an enemy of the United States;

(b) While engaged in military operations . involving conflict with an opposing foreign force; or

(c) While serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in an armed conflict against an opposing armed force, in which the United States is not a belligerent party.

(2) To warrant this distinctive decoration, the act or execution of duty must be performed in the presence of great danger, or at great personal risk, and must be performed in such a manner as to set individuals apart from their shipmates or fellow Marines. An accumulation of minor acts of heroism normally does not justify the award. The high standards demanded must be borne in mind when recommending the award.
Navy Distinguished Service

a. Authorization. 10 U.S.C. S6243.

b. Eligibility Requirements. Awarded to individuals who, while serving in any capacity with the Navy or Marine Corps, distinguish themselves by exceptionally meritorious service to the United States, in a duty of great responsibility. To justify this decoration, exceptional performance of duty, clearly above that normally expected, which has contributed materially to the success of a major command or project, is required. In general, the Distinguished Service Medal will be awarded only to those officers in principal commands at sea, or in the field, whose service is such as to justify the award. However, this shall not be interpreted to preclude the award of the Distinguished Service Medal to any individual whose service meets the requirements. If there is any doubt as to the degree of service involved, the Legion of Merit is the more appropriate award.

Navy E Ribbon

a. Authorization. SECNAV letter Ser 210 of 31 March 1976.

b. Eligibility Requirements. This ribbon denotes permanent duty on ships or in squadrons that won Battle Efficiency competitions after 1 July 1974. There is no medal, citation, or certificate to accompany this award. Documentation for Navy service records and Marine Corps UD/MIPS will be-made as appropriate. Following are the specific eligibility criteria:
(1) Military Personnel

(a) Navy personnel permanently attached to and serving with cited ships and units during the competitive cycle for which the award was given, or any part thereof, are entitled to the award as of 1 July 1974.

(b) Marine Corps personnel serving as part of the ship's Marine detachment or otherwise designated as "ship's companyn are eligible. Personnel assigned to embarked Marine Corps units are not eligible for the award; e.g., aircraft squadrons, Battalion Landing Teams, Regimental Landing Teams, Marine Expeditionary Units, etc.

(c) All Selected Reserve personnel permanently attached to and serving with the mobilization augmentation Navy Reserve unit(s) during the competitive cycle for which the award was given, or any part thereof, are entitled to the award provided the individuals concerned performed active duty for training aboard the unit during that competitive cycle.

(d) Reservists performing active duty for training aboard units awarded the "EU who are not members of the dedicated Reserve unit(s), and Reservists who were members of the dedicated Reserve unit(s), but who did not perform active duty for training aboard, are not eligible for the award.

(e) Transients and temporary duty personnel are not eligible for this award.

( f) Embarked personnel, staffs, squadrons, or detachments are also not eligible.

(2) Civilian personnel are not eligible for the Navy "EW ribbon.

(3) Type Commanders, the awarding authority for the Navy "E" must adhere to these rules when issuing local directives. Type Commanders are also responsible for updating the Navy Department Awards Web Service (NDAWS).

c. Subsequent Awards. The first, second, and third award of the Navy "EM are denoted by a Silver ''E." Four or more awards are denoted by one wreathed 'E."
Navy Expeditionary Service

a. Authorization. Navy Department General Order (N.D.G.O.) No. 84 of 5 August 1936.

b. Eligibility Requirements. Awarded to U.S. Navy service members who have actually landed on foreign territory and engaged in operations against armed opposition, or operated under circumstances deemed to merit special recognition, and for which no service or campaign medal was awarded. Only personnel attached to one of the approved ships or units during the eligibility period, and who actually participated in the given operation, are eligible for the Navy Expeditionary Medal (NEM).. This includes personnel attached to a squadron or unit embarked in a ship during the eligible period for that ship. Members of rear echelons, transients, observers, and personnel assigned for short periods of Temporary Additional Duty (TAD) or Training Duty (TD) are not normally eligible for the award. However, an individual will be given consideration in those instances when the local commander certifies a particular and significant contribution. Such certification should be submitted to the CNO/CMC, via the fleet commander who exercised operational control in the area involved. CNO maintains a list of eligible ships/units.

c. Authorized Operations. The following are the most recently authorized expeditions:

CUBA 03 Jan 61 -23 Oct 62
THAILAND 16 May 62 -10 Aug 62
INDIAN OCEAN/IRAN/YEMEN 08 Dec 78-06 Jun 79
IRAN/INDIAN OCEAN 21 NOV 79 -20 act 81
LEBANON 20 Aug 82-31 May 83
LIBYA 20 Jan 86 -27 Jun 86
PERSIAN GULF 01 Feb 87-23 Jul 87
LIBERIA (SHARP EDGE) 05 Aug 90 -21 Feb 91
RWANDA (DISTANT RUNNER) 07 Apr 94-18 Apr 94
ERITERA (SAFE DEPARTURE) 06 Jun 98-25 Jun 98
USS COLE (DETERMINED RESPONSE) 12 Oct 00-15 Dec 02

d. Awarding Authority. Commanding officers shall ensure appropriate service record entries are made for eligible enlisted personnel, and issue letters of eligibility for eligible officer personnel. No citation or certificate will be issued.

e. Limitations. The NEM may only be awarded cases in which Navy units were the sole participants in the designated operation. In cases where an operation involved participation of units from other branches of the U.S. Armed Forces, the Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal (AFEM) shall be considered the more appropriate award. See paragraph 10 below for further details regarding the AFEM.
Navy Good Conduct

a. Authorization. The Navy Good Conduct Medal (NGCM) was established by SECNAV on 26 April 1869 to recognize the "all- around" good Navy enlisted person, well qualified in all phases of conduct and performance. Effective 1 February 1971, commanding officers were delegated authority to award the NGCM. The CNO has review authority over the NGCM and designates specific criteria for the award.

b. Eligibility Requirements

(1) Period of Service. In accordance with NAVADMIN 305/95, subsequent to 1 January 1996, any three years of continuous active service as an enlisted person in the Regular Navy or Navy Reserve. For the period 1 November 1963 through 31 December 1995, inclusive, the qualifying eligibility period is four years. This requirement may be fulfilled by:

(a) Continuous active service during a minority (see note) enlistment, provided the member served on active duty to the day preceding his/her 21st birthday, even though he/she extended the enlistment and remained on active duty. Note: The term "minority" as used in this paragraph and paragraph

(b) below refers to being under the age of 18 and not to any particular racial or ethnic background. (b) Continuous active service during a minority enlistment, provided the member served on active duty within three months of the day preceding his/her 21st birthday.

(c) Continuous active service during a three-year first enlistment. For first-term personnel who meet all eligibility requirements except length of service, the NGCM may be awarded up to three months prior to the eligibility date if the member is discharged or released to inactive duty; i.e., the last three months of service may be waived. This does not apply to members who are discharged for the purpose of immediate reenlistment.

(d) A member not eligible for the NGCM who reenlists or reports for active duty within three months after discharge or release to inactive duty, is considered to be serving under \\continuous active service" conditions. While the time between the date of separation and date of return to active duty is not counted as an interruption of active service, it may not be included in computing time served. A member who reenlists or reports for active duty more than three months after separating must begin a new three-year qualification period.

e) An enlisted member appointed a temporary warrant or commissioned officer may include such temporary service, upon reverting to an enlisted status, regardless of the purpose (including discharge to accept appointment as a permanent officer). Naval Academy midshipmen who are not commissioned, but are retained in the service in an enlisted status, may include such midshipman service for the purpose of earning the NGCM. Except as provided above, service in warrant, commissioned, or Naval Academy midshipman status may not be included in computing time served.

(2) Conduct. Within the required period of active service, the individual must have a clear record (no convictions by court-martial, no non-judicial punishment (NJP), no lost time by reason of sickness-misconduct, no civil convictions for offenses involving moral turpitude).

(a) If confinement as a result of conviction by any court-martial (general, special, or summary) is involved, a new qualifying period shall begin with the date of restoration to duty on a probationary basis. If confinement is not included in the approved sentence of the court-martial, a new qualifying period shall begin with the date of convening authority action.

(b) If the service record contains record of NJP, a new qualifying period shall begin with the date following the date of the offense. If the date of the offense cannot be determined, the new qualifying period shall begin with the date following the NJP.

(c) If convicted by civil authorities for an offense involving moral turpitude, a new qualifying period shall begin with the date of return to active duty status.

(d) If the record contains a disqualifying mark that is not the result of NJP, the new qualifying period shall begin with the date following the date of the mark.

(3) Performance marks required during period of eligibility.

(a) Subsequent to 1 January 1996, no mark below 2.0 in any trait.

(b) Between 31 August 1983 and 31 December 1995, no mark below 3.0 in Military Knowledge/Performance, . Rating Knowledge/~erformance, Reliability, Military Bearing,
Personal Behavior, and Directing

(c) Prior to 31 August 1983:

I 1 E-4 and below. No mark below 3.0 in any trait.

2 E-5 and E-6. No mark below EEL (Typically Effective-Lower) in Directing, Individual Productivity, Reliability or Conduct.

3 E-7 to E-9. No mark below the bottom 50 percent in Performance, Reliability, Conduct or Directing. If an individual receives a disqualifying trait mark, a new period of eligibility shall begin on the day following the ending date of the performance evaluation report that contains the disqualifying trait mark.

c. Waivers. Subsequent to 17 May 1974, for the first award only, the NGCM may be awarded in the following cases, provided conduct and performance requirements are met:

(1) For individuals who are killed in combat against an opposing armed force, or die as a direct result of wounds received in combat against an opposing armed force, the award
may be presented posthumously to the next of kin.

(2) For individuals who are separated from the Naval Service for physical disability as a result of wounds incurred in combat against an opposing armed force, or in the line of
duty where such wounds were directly related to action against the enemy.

(3) For individuals who die while in a POW status, the NGCM may be presented posthumously to the next of kin, provided it has been determined the member's conduct while a POW was acceptable.

d. Limitations

(1) When the requirements have been met, but it is evident the individual is not deserving of the NGCM due to a repeated record of valid letters of indebtedness, or other acts which are not in keeping with the high moral standards required of all Navy personnel, the commanding officer will make an appropriate recommendation to CNO (DNS-35) stating the reasons.

(2) Although the period of qualifying service was revised to three years effective 1 January 1996, in accordance with Navy Uniform Regulations, this change does not affect the four-year requirement for service stripes.

(3) Active service in a Reserve status credited toward the Naval Reserve Meritorious Service Medal may not also be credited for the NGCM.

e. Certificates. A certificate shall be prepared for each award. The member's rate, name, branch of Service, and number of the award shall be centered in the appropriate spaces. The ending date of the period of service for which the award was earned shall be centered after "Awarded for service completed on." The commanding officer's name, grade, and branch of Service shall be typed above "commanding Officer" and his/her signature affixed.
Navy and Marine Corps Achievement

a. Authorization. SECNAVINST 1650.16 of 1 May 1961, re-designated by SECNAVNOTE of 17 July 1967. On 19 August 1994, SECNAV changed the name of the award to the Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal.

b. Eligibility Requirements. Awarded to members of the Armed Forces of the grade of lieutenant commander or major and junior thereto, for service performed on or after 1 May 1961. The award may be authorized for meritorious service or achievement in a combat or non-combat situation, based on sustained performance or specific achievement of a superlative nature, and shall be of such merit as to warrant more tangible recognition than is possible by a fitness report or performance evaluation, but which does not warrant a Navy and Marine Corps Commendation Medal.

(1) Professional achievement that merits the award must :

(a) Clearly exceed that which is normally required or expected, considering the individual's grade or rate, training, and experience; and,

(b) Be an important contribution of benefit to the United States and the Naval Service. must:

(2) Leadership achieyement that merits the award

(a) Be noteworthy;

(b) Be sustained so as to demonstrate a high state of development or, if for a specific achievement, be of such merit as to earn singular recognition for the act(s); and,

(c) Reflect most creditably on the efforts of the individual toward the accomplishment of the unit mission.

c. Limitations. The Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal will not be awarded for service involving participation in aerial flight after 1 January 1969. The Air Medal is the more appropriate recognition for meritorious achievement while participating in aerial flight. This does not preclude award of the Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal to individuals who meet the eligibility requirements for service during which participation in aerial flight was incidental.

d. Combat Distinguishing Device. The Combat Distinguishing Device was authorized for service subsequent to 17 July 1967, and discontinued in April 1974; it was reauthorized on 17 January 1991.

Navy and Marine Corps Commendation

a. Authorization. ALNAV 11 of 11 January 1944 authorized the Navy Commendation Ribbon, and on 22 March 1950 SECNAV established the medal pendant for this award. On 21 September 1960, SECNAV changed the name of the award to the Navy Commendation Medal. On 19 August 1994, SECNAV changed the name of the award to the Navy and Marine Corps Commendation Medal.

b. Eligibility Requirements. Awarded to individuals (including foreign military personnel) who, while serving in any capacity with the U.S. Navy or Marine Corps, distinguish themselves on or after 7 December 1941, by heroic or meritorious achievement or service. To merit this award, the acts or services must be accomplished or performed in a manner above that normally expected, and sufficient to distinguish the individual above those performing similar services as set forth in the following:

(1) Heroic Achievement or Service. Act (s) of heroism worthy of special recognition, but not to the degree required for the Bronze Star Medal when combat is involved, or the Navy and Marine Corps Medal when combat is not involved.

(2) Meritorious Achievement or Service. A single achievement or a period of service worthy of special recognition, but not to the degree required for the Bronze Star Medal or Air Medal when combat is involved, or the Meritorious Service Medal or Air Medal when combat is not involved.

(a) An award for meritorious service may cover an extended period of time; such award does not preclude an additional award for a specific act within that period, if warranted. The criteria, however, should not be the period of service involved, but rather the circumstances and conditions under which the service was performed.

(b) The performance should be well above that usually expected of an individual commensurate with his or her grade or rate, and above that degree of excellence that can be appropriately reflected in. the individual's fitness report, performance evaluation, or personnel record.

c. Combat Distinguishing Device. The Combat Distinguishing Device may be authorized for this award.

Navy and Marine Corps Distinguished Service
AP1.1.2.10. Distinguished Service Medal

AP1.1.2.10.1. The U.S. Army Medal was authorized by the Secretary of War on January 12, 1918 and subsequently authorized by Congress through the "Fiscal Year 1919 Army Appropriations Act," July 9, 1918. The U.S. Navy medal is authorized by Section 6243 of title 10, U.S.C. (reference (eee)). The basis for the U.S. Air Force medal is the legislation authorizing the U.S. Army medal; the U.S. Air Force design change was done in 1961. The U.S. Coast Guard medal is authorized by Section 492 of title 14, U.S.C. (reference (fff)).

AP1.1.2.10.2. Awarded pursuant to Section 3743 of title 10, U.S.C. (U.S. Army Service members) (reference (ggg)), Section 6243 of reference (eee) (U.S. Navy and U.S. Marine Corps Service members), Section 8743 of reference (hhh) (U.S. Air Force Service members), and Section 492 of title 14, U.S.C. (reference (fff)) (U.S. Coast Guard Service members). The Distinguished Service Medal is awarded to Service members who, while serving in any capacity of the Armed Forces of the United States, distinguish themselves by exceptionally meritorious service to the Government in a duty of great responsibility.
Navy and Marine Corps Medal

a. Authorization. 10 U.S.C. S6246.

b. Eligibility Requirements

(1) Awarded to individuals who, while serving in any capacity with the U.S. Navy or the U.S. Marine Corps, distinguish themselves by heroism not involving actual conflict with the enemy. For acts of lifesaving, or attempted lifesaving, it is required that the action be performed at the risk of one's own life.

(2) Navy Reserve or Marine Corps Reserve personnel involved in lifesaving or attempted lifesaving incidents may be considered for recognition of any heroic act(s) performed regardless of whether or not the Reservist was in a duty status at the time of the act.

c. Although the Navy and Marine Corps Medal is often awarded for heroism involving lifesaving, it is not a lifesaving medal. As the senior peacetime award for heroism, this award hinges on the actual level of personal "life threatening" risk experienced by the awardee. For heroic performance to rise to this level, it must be clearly established that the act involved very specific life-threatening risk to the awardee. When there is none, or at best very limited life-threatening risk, the award of the Navy and Marine Corps Commendation Medal may be more appropriate.

Navy and Marine Corps Overseas Service
a. Authorization. SECNAV letter 1650 Ser NDBDM/886 of 17 September 1986.

b. Eligibility Requirements. Awarded to officers and enlisted personnel of the United States Navy, Navy Reserve, Marine Corps, and Marine Corps Reserve. Each service hasdistinct criteria that delineate eligibility; Navy personnel assigned to Marine Corps units follow Marine Corps policy, and vice versa.

(1) Active Duty Personnel: 12 months of consecutive or accumulated duty at an overseas shore based duty station.

(2) Reserve Personnel: 30 consecutive days or 45 cumulative days of service at overseas duty stations, including deployed units and units homeported overseas, regardless of the type of orders the member is serving under. For eligibility purposes, two Inactive Duty for Training (IDT) periods equal one day of qualifying service. Travel time does not count.

(a) Navy Reserve Personnel

1. Effective 11 September 2001, Navy Reservists may earn their initial award of the Overseas Service Ribbon (OSR) under the Reserve service requirements, but must fulfill
the active duty service requirements for any subsequent award. See paragraph (b) below regarding service with the Marine Corps operating forces.

2. For overseas domiciled Reservists, qualifying service must be completed in a billet with an established Navy Reserve Unit.

(b) Personnel Serving with the Marine Corps Reserve. Since personnel serving with the Marine Corps operating forces, active or reserve, are not eligible for this award, Marine Corps personnel or Navy personnel serving with the Marine Corps operating forces, mobilized in support of a specific operation or contingency are also not eligible for the OSR.

(3) Overseas is defined as duty outside the United States at shore based commands. Mainland Alaska and Hawaii are not eligible duty stations; however, service in Adak, Alaska, does qualify. For active duty personnel, duty on board CONUS- based, deploying ships, squadrons, units, or with the Marine Corps operating forces does not qualify.

(4) Restrictions and Waivers

(a) An individual may not receive the Sea Service Deployment Ribbon and the OSR for the same period if assigned to a Marine Corps unit. After 1 October 1999, personnel assigned to overseas Navy commands may receive both awards if all eligibility requirements are met. However, the same period of time cannot be used to earn eligibility for both the Naval Reserve Sea Service Ribbon and the OSR.

(b) For active duty personnel, not more than 14 days of service time may be waived. There is no waiver for inactive reservists. For posthumous awards, the time requirements may be waived by CNO/CMC, on a case-by-case basis.

(c) Personnel serving with the Marine Corps operating forces, active or reserve, are not eligible for this award.

c. Initial and Subsequent Awards. Qualifying service performed between 15 August 1974 and 1 January 1979 will be credited only toward the initial award of the ribbon. Subsequent to 1 January 1979, one award is earned for each qualifying period.

d. Awarding Authority. Commanding officers.

Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation

a. Authorization. SECNAV Notice 1650 of 17 July 1967.

b. Eligibility Requirements. Awarded by SECNAV, CNO, or CMC to any unit of the Navy or Marine Corps that has distinguished itself, under combat or non-combat conditions, by either valorous or meritorious achievement, which renders the unit outstanding compared to other units performing similar service, but not sufficient to justify award of the Navy Unit Commendation. This award may also be conferred upon units of the other branches of the U.S. Armed Forces, and the armed forces of friendly foreign nations serving with U.S. Armed Forces, provided such units meet the standards established for Navy and Marine Corps units. To justify this award, the unit must have performed service of a character comparable to that which would merit the award of a Bronze Star Medal, or achievement of like caliber in a non-combat situation, to an individual. Normal performance of duty or participation in a large number of combat missions does not, in itself, justify the award. An award will not be made to a unit for actions of one or more of its component parts, unless the unit performed uniformly as a team in a manner fully justifying collective recognition.

Navy Occupation Service

a. Authorization. Navy Department General Order No. 10 of 28 January 1948.

b. Eligibility Requirements. Awarded to personnel in the Naval Service who participated in the occupation of the territories of the enemies of the United States during World War I1 and subsequent to the surrender of these enemies.

(1) To establish eligibility, the individual shall have been attached to, present, and serving on permanent duty with an organization in the Naval Service of the United States during those periods when such organization has been credited by SECNAV, or a delegated fleet command, with having performed duty in the occupation of enemy or former enemy national territory.

(2) Passenger, observer, visitor, courier, escort, inspector or other similar status, when not permanently attached to an eligible unit, is not creditable toward this award.

(3) Occupation duty in the European-African-Middle Eastern area may be credited to organizations for duty performed on and subsequent to 8 May 1945. Terminal dates for eligibility periods and occupation territories in this area are as follows:

Italy 15 Dec 47
Trieste 25 Oct 54
Germany (except Berlin) 05 May 55
Austria 25 Oct 55
Berlin 02 Oct 90

(4) Occupation duty in the Asiatic-Pacific area may be credited to organizations for duty performed between 2 September 1945 and 27 April 1952. Occupation territory in the Asiatic-Pacific area includes Japan and such territories recognized as sovereign to Japan, and such parts of Korea and such adjacent islands as are recognized to be Korean, but exclusive of all the mandated territory formerly administered by Japan, as are under the governmental control of the United States or of an ally of the United States during World War 11. Eligibility also includes ships operating in such home or territorial waters or contiguous ocean areas in direct support of occupation or aircraft based upon and operating from such territories or ships.

(5) Units performing service in the Korean area during the period 27 June 1950 to 27 April 1952, inclusive, and eligible for the Korean Service Medal, will not be credited with eligibility for the Navy Occupation Service Medal (NOSM) for the same period.

c. Subsequent Awards and Clasps. An individual may only be awarded one NOSM. Appropriate clasps marked "Europe" and "Asia" are authorized to be attached to the suspension ribbon of the large medal only to denote service in the respective area. No distinctive device to denote these clasps is authorized for wear on the ribbon bar. If earned, both clasps may be worn.

d. Army of Occupation Service Medal. Individuals who have been tendered the Army of Occupation Service Medal, and are eligible for the NOSM, are not entitled to both, but may elect which one to accept.

e. Eligible Units. Lists of eligible ships and units are maintained by CNO and CMC. If a ship or unit is not on the list prior to 1 January 1958, entitlement to the medal will be denied.
Navy Pistol Marksmanship

(1) A marksmanship award is bestowed upon an individual for proficiency in a particular type of small arms. A marksman, sharpshooter, or expert is a member in any rank, rate, or rating who qualifies by firing the prescribed pistol or rifle over one of the Service prescribed courses and has
attained the minimum qualifying score.

(2) Qualification requirements and administrative procedures are set forth in OPNAVINST 3590.7(series) for Navy personnel and in Marine Corps Order P3590.13A for Marine Corps personnel.

b. Precedence. Marksmanship awards take precedence after all other awards earned. The precedence of Navy and Marine Corps Marksmanship awards is listed in Appendix B to Chapter 1. For a full listing of the precedence of all Marksmanship awards and badges, consult the respective Navy and Marine Corps Uniform Regulations.

c. Procurement. CNO (DNS-35) is responsible for providing marksmanship medals to the coordinator of the Navy's Marksmanship Program.
Navy Presidential Unit Citation

a. Authorization. E.O. 9050, 6 February 1942.

b. Eligibility Requirements. Awarded in the name of the President of the United States to units of the U.S. Armed Forces and friendly foreign nations for extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy. The unit must have displayed such gallantry, determination, and esprit de corps in accomplishing its mission, under extremely difficult and hazardous conditions, to have set it apart from and above other units participating in the same campaign. The degree of heroism required is the same as that which would be required for award of a Navy Cross to an individual.

Navy Recruit Training Service

a. Authorization. Established by SECNAV 13 March 1998.

b. Eligibility Requirements. Awarded to enlisted personnel of the U.S. Navy assigned to Recruit Training Command (RTC), Naval Training Center, Great Lakes, serving as Recruit Division Commander (RDC) upon completion of a successful tour of duty. c. Definitions. For the purpose of determining eligibility for this award, the following definitions apply:

(1) Recruit Training Service Duty. Personnel assigned as RDC. Support personnel, company assistants, echelon supervisors, liaison officers, instructors, or other personnel attached to RTC are not eligible for this award.

(2) Successful Tour of Duty. The RDC must have completed a minimum of five divisions trained over a minimum tour length of three years.

(3) Personal Standards. The RDC must have maintained outstanding personal standards without disciplinary incidents throughout the tour.

(4) Establishment Date. Tour completion must be as of 1 October 1995 or later. No retroactive awards are authorized under any circumstances.

d. Examples of Qualifyinq Service

(1) An RDC successfully completes a four-year tour that started on 1 October 1992. If all other parameters are met, the RDC is eligible since the tour completion date is after 1 October 1995.

(2) An RDC trains 14 divisions from 30 September 1994 to 20 August 1997, and is medically released from duty. Not eligible due to tour length of less than three years.

(3) An RDC trains six divisions from October 1991 to October 1993, moves to Recruit Liaison from October 1993 to October 1995, and moves back to RDC for three more divisions from October 1995 to October 1996. Eligible: tour length of more than three years and more than five divisions trained.

(4) An RDC completes nine divisions in three years after 1 October 1995, but sporadically did not meet Physical Readiness standards. Eligibility is determined by CO, RTC. Fulfillment of the outstanding personal standards requirement is determined by the awarding authority.

e. Award Elements. The award consists of a ribbon bar only. No citation or certificate will be issued.

f. Awarding Authority. The Commanding Officer of RTC is the awarding authority.
Navy Recruiting Service

a. Authorization. Established by SECNAV on 2 February 1989. SECNAV letter NDBDM/OO87 of 21 February 1997 made the award retroactive to 1 July 1973.

b. Eligibility Requirements

(1) Awarded to officer and enlisted personnel of the United States Navy and Navy Reserve, including Active Duty for Special Work (ADSW) personnel (formerly TEMAC), in support of recruiting, assigned to the activities listed below.

Navy Recruiting Command, Millington, TN
Navy Recruiting Regions
Navy Recruiting Districts
Navy Recruiting Orientation Unit, Pensacola, FL
National Training Team
Navy Recruiting Quality Assurance Team, Great Lakes, IL
Reserve Recruiting Support Units
Navy Recruiting Command Liaison Team, Federal Records Center, St. Louis, MO

Navy Recruiting Youth Program Field Representatives
Navy Flight Demonstration Squadron (Blue Angels)
Navy Parachute Team (Leap Frogs)
Director, Candidate Guidance Office, U.S. Naval Academy Information Officer Program

NOTE: Prior to February 1989, most eligible Navy Reserve Recruiting personnel were assigned to Unit Identification Codes of Naval Reserve Readiness Commands, Naval Air Stations, Reserve Centers, and Naval Air Reserve activities. Eligibility is maintained if personnel were assigned to billets specifically involving recruiting or recruiting support.

(2) Awarded to Career Force Recruiters (CRF) and Canvasser Recruiters (CANREC) at the recommendation of their commanding officer or officer in charge, upon completion of a successful tour of duty in recruiting. CRF personnel, Campus Liaison Officers, and Recruiting District Assistance Council members are eligible for the ribbon upon completion of three consecutive years of recruiting duty. Reserve CANRECs and ADSW recruiting personnel are eligible for the ribbon after completion of three consecutive years of combined recruiting duty, provided no break in service of more than 60 days occurs during the period.

c. Definitions. The following definitions apply for determining eligibility:

(1) Recruiting Duty. Duty performed at any one of, or a combination of, the Navy recruiting activities listed above.

(2) Prescribed Tour of Duty. The member's projected rotation date from recruiting, as established by the Chief of Naval Personnel, is considered the end of a qualifying tour of duty. Personnel who complete a minimum of 18 months on recruiting duty, but were transferred prior to their original projected rotation date to a non-recruiting activity, may submit a waiver request to Commander, Navy Recruiting Command. In the case of Navy Reserve recruiting personnel who have at least two consecutive years of recruiting duty, and are recalled USN or Full Time Support (FTS) prior to completing three years of recruiting duty, a waiver request may be submitted, via the recruiting chain of command at the time of service, to Commander, Navy Recruiting Command. Recruiters who are fault transferred from recruiting duty or who are not recommended for continuation and are subsequently terminated are not eligible for the Navy Recruiting Service Ribbon. Waivers will not be considered.

(3) Successful Tour. For the purpose of this award, a successful tour is defined as completing the prescribed tour of duty as outlined above, with the exception that Navy Reserve CANREC and ADSW personnel may combine consecutive recruiting periods of either recruiting program, provided no break in service exceeding 60 days occurs during the three-year period. d. Awardinq Authority. Commanding officers determine eligibility from service records, affidavits, or upon completion of eligibility requirements at current command and make appropriate service record entries for enlisted personnel and issue letters of eligibility for officers. No citation or certificate will be issued. Situations not covered in this article should be addressed to the Commander, Navy Recruiting Command.

e. Subsequent Awards. Personnel receiving "Gold Wreath" awards for superior productivity shall wear a bronze 5/16 inch Arabic numeral on the recruiting Service Ribbon indicating the total number of awards received after 1 January 1980. Personnel receiving Individual Awards of the Recruiting Service Ribbon shall wear a 3/16 inch bronze star for second and subsequent awards.
Navy Rifle Marksmanship

(1) A marksmanship award is bestowed upon an individual for proficiency in a particular type of small arms. A marksman, sharpshooter, or expert is a member in any rank, rate, or rating who qualifies by firing the prescribed pistol or rifle over one of the Service prescribed courses and has
attained the minimum qualifying score.

(2) Qualification requirements and administrative procedures are set forth in OPNAVINST 3590.7(series) for Navy personnel and in Marine Corps Order P3590.13A for Marine Corps personnel.

b. Precedence. Marksmanship awards take precedence after all other awards earned. The precedence of Navy and Marine Corps Marksmanship awards is listed in Appendix B to Chapter 1. For a full listing of the precedence of all Marksmanship awards and badges, consult the respective Navy and Marine Corps Uniform Regulations.

c. Procurement. CNO (DNS-35) is responsible for providing marksmanship medals to the coordinator of the Navy's Marksmanship Program.
Navy Sea Service Deployment
a. Authorization. SECNAVINST 1650.35 of 26 January 1981.

b. Eligibility Requirements. Awarded to officer and enlisted personnel of the United States Navy and Marine Corps. Each Service has distinct eligibility criteria; Navy personnel assigned to Marine Corps units follow Marine Corps policy, and vice versa.

(1) Personnel assigned to U.S. (including Alaska and Hawaii) homeported ships, deploying units, or units of the Marine Corps operating forces are eligible for the Sea Service Deployment Ribbon (SSDR) upon completion of 12 months of accumulated sea duty, which includes at least one deployment of 90 consecutive days.

(a) Changes in deployment patterns to meet operational commitments have resulted in the reduction of some service force ships1 deployment lengths to less than 90 days, with an increase in the frequency of deployments. Consequently, effective 18 October 1991, award of the SSDR to members of Navy units that complete two deployments of at least 80 days each within a given 12-month period is authorized.

(b) As an exception to policy, the 12-month accumulated sea duty requirement was waived for personnel who were called to sea duty or deployed for Operations DESERT SHIELD or DESERT STORM (2 August 1990 to 31 December 1991), ENDURING FREEDOM (11 September 2001 to TBD), or IRAQI FREEDOM (19 March 2003 to TBD) to qualify for the initial award only. This waiver does not affect second and subseauent awards of this ribbon.

(2) Personnel assigned to overseas homeported ships, deploying units, or units of the Marine Corps operating forces outside CONUS are eligible upon completion of 12 months of accumulated sea duty or a tour of duty with the Marine Corps operating forces. For personnel assigned overseas, deployments are not a factor and do not provide credit for additional awards of the SSDR. Second and subsequent awards will be earned for each additional 12-month period of qualifying service. For Navy personnel only, after 1 October 1999, SSDR qualification does not preclude also qualifying for the Overseas Service Ribbon.

(3) The SSDR may be awarded retroactively to 15 August 1974. However, only one award may be earned for the period 15 August 1974 to 1 January 1979, regardless of the number of years of sea duty or number of deployments made.

(4) No subsequent changes to the SSDR requirements are retroactive to meet individual eligibility. c. Waivers

(1) For Navy personnel, a 14-day waiver of the 12-month accumulated sea duty requirement is authorized as long as the 90-day or two 80-day deployment requirement is met

(2) For Marine Corps personnel, Squadron and Battalion commanding officers have the authority to waive the 90-day deployment criteria for members of the operating forces in CONUS and the 12-month criteria for members of the operating forces outside CONUS, on a case-by-case basis. The intent of this waiver is to allow personnel to earn the SSDR when, through no fault of their own, their 12-month tour or their 90-day deployment is cut short. All approved waivers must be processed via the Award Processing System (APS). Administrative instructions are outlined in MarAdmin 582/03 and will be published in the next revision of MCO 1650.19.

d. Definitions

1) Sea Duty. Duty performed in commissioned vessels or units that operate away from their homeport or homebase for extended periods.

(2) Deployable Units. A ship (USN, USNS) , aircraft squadron, detachment, battalion, or other unit that operates away from its assigned homeport or homebase for a period of either 90 consecutive days or two periods of at least 80 days each within a given 12-month period.

(3) Deployment. A peribd of either 90 consecutive days or two periods of at least 80 days each with a deployed unit, within a given 12-month period.

e. The following are examples of qualifying service. Situations not covered in this manual shall be addressed to CNO (DNS-35) or CMC (MMMA) as appropriate.

(1) A person who reports to a ship homeported in Norfolk on 1 July 1978 and completes a 90 consecutive day deployment on 1 December 1978 is eligible for the SSDR on 1 July 1979.

(2) A person who served on a ship or deployed unit homeported overseas from 30 June 1977 to 30 June 1980 will be eligible for two awards; i.e., the initial award for the period ending 1 January 1979 and a second award for service ending 1 January 1980.

(3) A person attached to a U.S. homebased Marine Corps unit that goes on one rotational deployment for six months and remains with that unit for two years will earn only one award because of the single deployment.

(4) A person attached to a U.S. homeported ship for one year subsequent to 1 January 1979 but does not deploy for 90 consecutive days is not eligible. The same person is then given Permanent Change of Station (PCS) orders to another U.S. homeported ship and immediately goes on a deployment. This person will be eligible upon completion of the 90-day deployment.

(5) A person assigned on PCS orders to Naval Air Station, Guam, serving on shore duty that counts as sea duty will not be eligible for the SSDR regardless of the length of time assigned. The Overseas Service Ribbon is applicable.

(6) A person assigned to Marine Corps Base (MCB), Camp Lejeune, goes TAD to Marine Division for five months, completes a 90-consecutive day deployment and returns to MCB Camp Lejeune upon completion of the deployment is not eligible because one year was not spent with a unit of the Marine Corps operating forces. However, upon completion of an additional seven months duty with the Marine Corps operating forces, the person will be eligible for the award.

(7) A person assigned to MCB Camp Butler, Okinawa, will not be eligible since it is not a unit of the Marine Corps operating forces.

(8) A Marine attached to a Marine Detachment aboard a ship homeported overseas will be eligible upon completion of 12 months sea duty.

(9) A person completing a 36-month accompanied tour overseas with a unit of the Marine Corps operating forces will be eligible for three awards.

(10) A Marine whose 12-month overseas tour with the Marine Corps operating forces is terminated early but who receives full credit for his/her tour in accordance with Marine Corps Order P1070.12K is eligible for the award. f. Awarding Authority. Commanding officers determine eligibility from service records, affidavits, or upon completion of eligibility requirements at the current command, and make appropriate service record entries for enlisted personnel and issue letters of eligibility for officers. No citation or certificate will be issued.
Navy Unit Commendation

a. Authorization. ALNAV 224 of 18 December 1944.

b. Eligibility Requirements. Awarded by SECNAV to any unit of the Navy or Marine Corps that has distinguished itself by outstanding heroism in action against the enemy, but not sufficient to justify the award of the Presidential Unit Citation; or to any such unit that has distinguished itself by extremely meritorious service, not involving combat, but in support of military operations, rendering the unit outstanding compared to other units performing similar service. This award may also be conferred upon units of the other branches of the U.S. Armed Forces, and of armed forces of friendly foreign nations serving with the U.S. Armed Forces, provided such units meet the standards established for Navy and Marine Corps units. To justify this award, the unit must have performed service of a character comparable to that which would merit the award of a Silver Star Medal for heroism, or a Legion of Merit for meritorious service to an individual. Normal performance of duty or participation in a large number of combat missions does not, in itself, justify the award. An award will not be made to a unit for actions of one or more of its component parts, unless the unit performed uniformly as a team, in a manner justifying collective recognition.

Outstanding Volunteer Service

a. Authorization. E.O. 12830 of 9 January 1993.

b. Eliqibility Requirements. The Military Outstanding Volunteer Service Medal (MOVSM) may be awarded to members of the Armed Forces of the United States who, after 31 December 1992, perform outstanding volunteer community service of a sustained, direct and consequential nature. To be eligible, an individual's service must:

(1) Be to the civilian community, including the military family community;

(2) Be significant in nature and produce tangible results;

(3) Reflect favorably on the Military Service and the Department of Defense; and

(4) Be of a sustained and direct nature.

c. Guidelines

(1) While there is no specific time period to qualify for the MOVSM, approval authorities shall ensure the service to be honored merits the special recognition afforded by the medal. DON views the sustained time period to be three years. The MOVSM is intended to recognize exceptional community support . over time, not a single act or achievement. Further, it is intended to honor direct support of community activities. For the purpose of this award, attending membership meetings or social events of a community service group is not considered qualifying service; however, manning a community crisis action telephone line for a sustained period of time is considered qualifying service. The overall level of volunteer participation and impact of an individual's community service is the key to determining whether award of the MOVSM is justified.

(2) The MOVSM recognizes service provided to a community over time; therefore multiple awards of the MOVSM during a single tour of duty are not authorized. However, approval authorities may consider a sustained record of significant community service performed during successive tours when adjudicating recommendations for award of the MOVSM.

(3) Service recognized by award of the MOVSM shall be of a voluntary nature, not detailed or tasked, nor performed as part of a military mission (for example, a unit project).

(4) Volunteering with the following types of organizations are examples of qualifying service: youth programs such as Boy/Girl Scouts; YMCA or YWCA; 4H; Big Brothers/Sisters; sports programs such as Little League and Special Olympics; abuse/rape/suicide hot line volunteers; hospital/blood drive volunteers; education programs such as volunteer teachers, D.A.R.E., and literacy programs; CFC organizations such as March of Dimes, Make-a-Wish Foundation, Salvation Army; volunteer fire department/rescue squad; community centers; neighborhood watch; Meals-on-Wheels; homeless shelters; senior citizens1 programs; working with the hearing impaired; fund drives and telethon support; public library story hour; museum guide; local beautification projects such as Adopt-a-Park and Adopt-a- Highway; military affiliates such as USO, Navy and Marine Corps Relief Society, and Navy League' Sea Cadet programs.

(5) A MOVSM recommendation may be submitted by anyone senior to the individual being recommended, on the appropriate personal award recommendation form, to the individual's commanding officer. The commanding officer shall certify that the eligibility requirements have been met, and that the member's service has been honorable throughout the award period.

d. Awarding Authority. Authority to award the MOVSM is delegated to officers who have authority to award the Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal or Joint Service Achievement Medal and above. The awarding authority shall issue a letter of authorization which includes the period recognized and the organization(s) for whom the qualifying service was performed, as well as any commendatory remarks desired by the awarding authority. For Navy personnel, copies of the approved OPNAV 1650/3 will be forwarded to NPC (PERS-312). For Marine Corps personnel, a copy of the approved Award Processing System award recommendation will automatically be forwarded to MMSB for inclusion in the Marine's official military record. No citation or certificate will be issued.
Philippine Defense

Philippine Defense Ribbon. (A full-size medal is now available from the Philippine Government for this award.)

Awarded for combat service in the defense of the Philippines from December 8, 1941 to June 15, 1942, if the Service member was:

A member of the Bataan or Manila Bay Forces or of a unit, ship, or airplane under enemy attack.

Assigned or stationed in the Philippine territories or waters for at least 30 calendar days during the period indicated in paragraph above.

A Service member who meets both conditions cited in paragraph above, is authorized to wear a bronze star on the service ribbon.
Philippine Independence
Philippine Independence Ribbon. (A full-size medal is now available from the Philippine Government for this award.) Awarded to Service members who are recipients of both the Philippine Defense and Philippine Liberation ribbons.
Philippine Liberation

Philippine Liberation Ribbon. (A full-size medal is now available from the Philippine Government for this award.)

Awarded for participation in the liberation of the Philippines from October 17, 1944 to September 3, 1945, if the Service member did the following:

Participated in the initial landing operations on Leyte or adjoining islands from October 17, 1944 to October 20, 1944. Service members are considered to have participated in such operations if they landed on Leyte or the adjoining islands, were on a ship in the waters of the Philippines, or a crew member of an airplane that flew over Philippine territories during the period indicated.

Participated in any engagement against enemy forces during the campaign on Leyte and the adjoining islands. Service members are considered to have participated in such operations if they were assigned to ground, naval, or air units actually under enemy attack.

Served in the Philippine Islands or aboard ships in the waters of the Philippines for at least 30 calendar days during the period indicated in paragraph above.

Service members who meet two of the conditions in paragraph above, are authorized to wear a bronze star on the service ribbon. Service members meeting all three conditions shall wear two bronze stars.
Philippine Presidential Unit Citation

a. World War I1

(1) Authorization. Headquarters Philippine National Defense Force G.O. No. 500 of 29 October 1948 and No. 152 of 7 March 1951.

(2) Eligibility Requirements. Approved by SECNAV for wear by members of the Naval Service serving in units engaged in the defense of the Philippines between 7 December 1941 and 5 May 1942; serving in units which participated in the liberation campaigns during 1944 and 1945; or serving in certain submarines which had maintained physical contact with guerrilla forces during the Japanese occupation of the Philippine Islands. All ships and units that earned any of the Philippine engagement stars are eligible for this award.

b. Disaster Relief Operations

(1) Authorization

(a) SECNAV letter Ser 0182 of 29 April 1971 approved acceptance of the award for the following units:

Navy Disaster Task Force 01 Sep 70 to 14 Dec 70

Navy and Marine Corps Units of Joint 01 Aug 70 to 15 Dec 70

U.S. Military Advisory Group, Philippines Amphibious Ready Group Alpha 21 Oct 70 to 26 Oct 70

(b) SECNAV letter Ser 1582 of 9 January 1973 approved acceptance of the award for Commander in Chief, Pacific Representative Philippine Disaster Task Force and U.S. Disaster Task Force Manila for the period 21 July to 15 August 1972.

(c) SECNAV letter Ser 1650 NDBDM/1665 of 16 December 1987 approved acceptance of the award for Task Element 73.7.1.1 (Operation MERCY MISSION) for the period 20 March to 28 May 1987.

(d) SECNAV letter Ser 1650 NDBDM/1959 of 18 August 1992 approved acceptance of the award for U.S. Naval Hospital, Subic Bay for the period 1 August 1987 to 30 November 1991 and for USS STERETT (CG 31) for the period May 1989 to June 1991.

(2) Eligibility Requirements. Approved by SECNAV for wear by Navy and Marine Corps personnel attached to the units listed above or any of the authorized supporting units. Lists of eligible units are maintained by CNO and CMC.

(3) Subsequent Awards. Personnel who qualify for more than one award of the Philippine Republic Presidential Unit Citation are authorized to wear a 3/16 inch bronze star for each subsequent award.
Prisoner of War

a. Authorization. 10 U.S.C. S1128.

b. Eligibility Requirements. Awarded to any person who, while serving in any capacity with the Armed Forces of the United States, was declared a prisoner of war and held captive
after 5 April 1917.

(1) Civilians and Foreign Nationals. The Prisoner of War (POW) Medal will only be issued to U.S. and foreign civilians who have received credit for U.S. military service, as determined by the Department of Defense Civilian/Military Service Review Board and Advisory Panel (DoD Directive 1000.20 of 11 September 1989). The period of creditable military service must include the period of captivity from date of capture through date of release.

(2) Missing in Action. The POW Medal will only be issued to the legal next of kin of military personnel or civilians who have received credit for U.S. military service and whose status as POWs has been officially confirmed and recognized as such by the Military Departments and DoD. The next of kin of persons listed as missing, but for whom there is no evidence of having been a POW, will not be issued the medal. Return of remains, in and of itself, does not constitute evidence of POW status. The next of kin of POWs who die in captivity may be issued the medal regardless of the length of the period of captivity.

(3) Hostages, Detainees, and Internees. The medal will be issued only to those taken prisoner by an enemy during armed conflict. For the purpose of this medal, armed conflicts are defined as World Wars I and 11, the Korean and Vietnam Conflicts, and Operations DESERT STORM, ENDURING FREEDOM, and IRAQI FREEDOM. Hostages of terrorists and persons detained by governments with which the United States is not actively engaged in armed conflict are not eligible for the medal.

c. Character of Service. Any person convicted by a U.S. military tribunal of misconduct or a criminal charge, or whose discharge is less than honorable based upon actions while a POW, is ineligible for the medal. Furthermore, POWs whose conduct is documented by U.S. military records as not being in accord with the Code of Conduct are ineligible for the medal. SECNAV will resolve any questionable cases.

d. Subsequent Awards. A period of captivity terminates upon return to U.S. military control. Escapees who do not return to U.S. military control, and are subsequently recaptured by an enemy, do not begin a new period of captivity for the purpose of a subsequent award of the medal.
Purple Heart

a. Authorization. E.O. 9277 of 3 December 1942, E.O. 10409 of 12 November 1952, E.O. 11016 of 25 April 1962 as amended by E.O. 12464 of 23 February 1984, 10 U.S.C. 51129, and Public Laws 98-525, 104-106, and 105-851.

b. Eligibility Requirements. Awarded to members of the Armed Forces of the United States who, while serving under competent authority in any capacity with an Armed Force of the United States after 5 April 1917, have been killed or wounded.

(1) In action against an enemy of the United States.

(2) In action with an opposing armed force of a foreign country, in which the Armed Forces of the United States are or have been engaged.

(3) While serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in an armed conflict against an opposing armed force, in which the United States is not a belligerent party.

(4) As the result of an act of any such enemy or opposing armed force.

(5) As the result of an act of any hostile foreign force .

(6) As the result of friendly weapons fire while actively engaging the enemy.

(7) As the indirect result of enemy action (e.g., injuries resulting from parachuting from a plane brought down by enemy or hostile fire.)

(8) As the result of maltreatment inflicted by their captors while a prisoner of war.

(9) After 28 March 1973, as a result of international terrorist attack against the U.S. or a foreign nation friendly to the U.S.

(10) After 28 March 2973, as a result of military operations while serving outside the territory of the United States, as part of a peacekeeping force.

c. An individual must have been wounded either as a direct or indirect result of enemy action. A "wound" is defined as an injury to any part of the body from an outside force or agent, sustained while in action as described in the eligibility requirements. A physical lesion is not required, provided the concussion or other form of injury received was a result of the action in which engaged.

d. Except in the case of a prisoner of war, the wound for which the award is made must have required treatment by a medical officer at the time of injury. Only one award is authorized for more than one wound or injury received at the same instant, from the same missile, force, explosion, or agent. Prisoners of war, if entitled, will be limited to a single Purple Heart covering the entire period of their captivity.
Republic of Korean War Service

a. Authorization. Awarded by the Republic of Korea Minister of Defense and accepted by SECDEF on 20 August 1999.

b. Eligibility Requirements. Military personnel, workers, and policemen who either served in or through some special duty deployed to and returned from the combat zone during the Korean War from 25 June 1950 to 27 July 1953.

c. Information on obtaining this medal is available online at https://awards.navy.mil.
Republic of Vietnam Campaign

Established by Republic of Vietnam Armed Forces Order No. 48 of 24 March 1966. The provisions of Public Law 88-257 permit acceptance of this medal to recognize service performed in Vietnam during the period 1 March 1961 to 28 March 1973, inclusive.

a. Eligibility Requirements. U.S. Armed Forces personnel are eligible for the Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal under one or more of the following conditions:

(1) Wounded or injured in hostile action.

(2) Captured by the opposing force during actions or in the line of duty, but later rescued or released.

(3) Killed in action or in the line of duty.

(4) Served a cumulative six months in South Vietnam.

(5) Served a cumulative six months outside the geographical limits of South Vietnam, but contributing direct combat support to the Republic of Vietnam Armed Forces during such period. Only those personnel who meet the criteria established for the Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal (Vietnam) or the Vietnam Service Medal are considered to have contributed direct combat support.

(6) Assigned in Vietnam on 28 January 1973 and served during the entire period from 29 January to 28 March 1973, inclusive.

b. Eligibility Determinations and Record Entries. If eligibility cannot be determined from available records, commanding officers are authorized to accept the individual's affidavit, similar to the following:

Affidavit
I certify that I served on board (name of ship or unit)
from (date) to (date) . This affidavit is made to
confirm my eligibility for the Republic of Vietnam
Campaign Medal for service in the Vietnam area.

After eligibility determination, the commanding officer shall make appropriate entries in enlisted service records and address official letters to officers, certifying eligibility for the award, authorizing wear of the ribbon bar with device, and indicating the date of issue. Copies of the letters to officers shall be forwarded to NPC (PERS-312) or CMC (MMSB), as appropriate, for filing in their records.
Selected Marine Corps Reserve

a. Authorization. The Selected Marine Corps Reserve Medal (SMCRM) was established by a SECNAV directive of 19 February 1939

b. Eligibility Requirements. Awarded to members of the Selected Marine Corps Reserve (SMCR) who, effective 1 January 1996, fulfilled designated service requirements within any three-year period of service in the Organized Marine Corps Reserve. For the period 1 July 1925 through 31 December 1995, inclusive, a four-year period of service is required. The following are specific eligibility requirements for this medal:

(1) Attendance with an SMCR unit, including duty in an Individual Mobilization Augmentee (IMA) billet in Training Category A, at three consecutive annual field training periods. A period of active duty for training which was authorized to be performed in lieu of a regular annual field training period will fulfill this requirement.

(2) Effective 24 April 1961, attendance with an SMCR unit, including duty in an IMA billet in Training Category A, of 90 percent of all scheduled drills each year for four consecutive years. Eligibility for the medal prior to that date is based on 80 percent attendance of all scheduled drills. (Appropriate duty or equivalent instruction-or-duty may be credited in lieu of drills.)

(3) In the case of officers and noncommissioned officers (sergeant or above), the commanding officer (or the Commander, Marine Corps Mobilization Command (MOBCOM) in the case of IMA Category A) is responsible for determining whether the individual's service and performance of duty warrant the award. Enlisted personnel in the grade of corporal and below must have obtained a combined average of conduct and proficiency markings of 4.0 or above for the first three-year period. For subsequent three-year periods, enlisted personnel must have obtained a combined average of conduct and proficiency markings of 4.5 or above. When it is evident an individual who otherwise fulfills the eligibility criteria is not deserving of this award because
of a repeated record of valid indebtedness or other acts which are not in keeping with the high moral standards required of all Marines, the commanding officer (or Commander, MOBCOM in the case of IMA Category A) will make an appropriate recommendation to CMC (MMMA) stating the reasons.

(4) When called to active duty in time of war or national emergency, SMCR members (including IMA Category A) may be credited, while on active duty, with the annual field training and required drill attendance, provided they have served not less than one month on active duty during each qualification year. Such active service may be credited only for the purpose of qualification for the medal or bronze star toward which the reservist is working at the time of mobilization. When the reservist's three-year period is completed, active duty subsequently performed may not be credited toward the issuance of a medal or star. If the period of active duty is of such duration that the reservist is ordered to 'inactive status prior to completion of the reservist's three- year period, the time spent on active duty may be credited toward the award of the medal, but credit for active duty will not be allowed for any three-year period which began with the reservist on active duty. Once the award is earned after mobilization, the reservist must return to drill and training status in the SMCR (including IMA category 'A") before a new
qualification period begins.

(5) When a member of the SMCR is unable to attend drills due to absence from the place of drill, or for causes beyond his/her control, exclusive of sickness, the reservist should request a leave of absence for such period, in order that the absence from the regular drill period will not count against the record of attendance for eligibility for the Selected Marine Corps Reserve Medal.

(6) Retroactive to 12 January 1961, the medal will be awarded to officers prohibited by the rotation system, due to the lack of billets, from serving in the SMCR (including service as an IMA category A) for a three-year period, provided they have completed any continuous five anniversary years of satisfactory Federal service in the Marine Corps Reserve (including IMA Training Categories A, B, C, and D) as defined by regulations. This must include a minimum of two consecutive years of satisfactory participation as a member of an SMCR unit, or as an IMA Category A, during which attendance at drills and periods of annual field training meets the requirements cited above.

(7) Any period of qualifying service beginning with SMCR membership, interrupted by duty with the Active Reserve (AR) Program, shall not be considered a break in said period of three consecutive years for eligibility. Furthermore, any such period of active duty may be credited with the annual field training and required drill attendance for the purpose of completing qualification only for the medal or bronze star toward which the reservist was working at the time of active duty in the AR Program.

(8) When enlisted Marine Corps reservists are assigned to active duty in the AR Program, they must elect whether to continue their eligibility for the SMCRM for which they have accumulated qualifying service, or commence qualifying service for the MCGCM. Officers may continue to earn qualifying service toward SMCRM. Under no circumstances may a Reservist commence an eligibility period for the SMCRM while on the AR Program. MCO P1070.12K (IRAM) contains administrative instructions.

(9) Individual Ready Reservists mobilized for three continuous years may elect the MCGCM in lieu of continuing their eligibility for the SMCRM. Administrative units should make an appropriate entry in the Marine's official military record (OMPF), which indicates the Marine was mobilized under Title 10, specifies the dates of the mobilization period, and that the Marine elected to receive the MCGCM for the period of active duty. A copy of the Marine's orders and the award certificate should be filed in his/her OMPF for historical purposes.

c. Certificates. At the time eligibility is confirmed, a Selected Marine Corps Reserve Certificate (NAVMC 10592) will be completed by the commanding officer for presentation to the member.
Silver Star

a. Authorization. 10 U.S.C. S6244.

b. Eligibility Requirements

(1) Awarded to a person who, while serving in any capacity with the Navy or Marine Corps, is cited for gallantry in action that does not warrant a Medal of Honor or Navy Cross.

(a) While engaged in an action against an enemy of the United States;

(b) While engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing foreign force; or

(c) While serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in an armed conflict against an opposing armed force in
which the United States is not a belligerent party.

(2) The heroic act(s) performed must render the individual conspicuous and well above the standard expected. An
accumulation of minor acts of heroism normally does not justify the award, but unusual or exceptional cases will be decided on their merits.
Southwest Asia Service

a. Authorization. E.O. 12754 of 12 March 1991.

b. Eliaibilitv Remirements

(1) Awarded to members of the Armed Forces of the United States, who participated in or directly supported military operations in Southwest Asia, or in the surrounding
areas, between 2 August 1990 and 30 November 1995 (Operations DESERT SHIELD, DESERT STORM, and the Southwest Asia Ceasefire Campaign) .

(2) Individuals must have served in one or more of the following areas: the Persian Gulf, Red Sea, Gulf of Oman, Gulf of Aden, that portion of the Arabian Sea that lies north of 10 degrees north latitude, and west of 68 degrees east longitude, as well as the total land areas of Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Bahrain, Qatar and United Arab Emirates.

(3) Individuals serving in Israel, Egypt, Turkey, Syria, and Jordan (including the airspace and territorial waters thereof), between 17 January 1991 and 28 February 1991, shall also be eligible for award of this medal. They must have directly supported combat operations.

(4) Embassy security guard personnel are eligible for the period 2 August 1990 to 11 August 1991.

(5) Specific eligibility criteria for award of the Southwest Asia Service Medal (SWASM) require that a service member must be:

(a) Attached to or regularly serving, for one or more days, with an organization participating in ground/shore military operations.

(b) Attached to or regularly serving, for one or more days, aboard a naval vessel directly supporting military operations.

(c) Actually participate as a crewmember in one or more aerial flights, directly supporting military operations in the areas designated above.

(d) Serve on temporary duty for 30 consecutive or 60 nonconsecutive days. These time limitations may be waived by commanding officers for individuals participating in actual combat operations.

c. Awarding Authority. Commanding officers are authorized to award the SWASM.

d. Engagement Stars. Three service stars are the maximum authorized for the SWASM:

(1) Defense of Saudi Arabia: 2 Aug 90 to 16 Jan 91.
(2) Liberation and Defense of Kuwait: 17 Jan 91 to 11 Apr 91.
(3) Southwest Asia Ceasefire Campaign: 12 Apr 91 to 30 Nov 95.
United Nations

a. Authorization. Established by Secretary General, United Nations Regulations dated 30 July 1959. E.O. 11139 authorized SECDEF to approve acceptance and wear.

b. Eligibility Requirements. U.S. service members who are or have been in the service of the U.N. in operations designated by SECDEF may accept the United Nations Medal when awarded by the Chief of the U.N. Mission. Following.are the qualifying operations:

Truce Supervisory Organization in Palestine (Jun 48 - TBD)
Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (Jan 49 - TBD)
Observation Group in Lebanon (Jun - Dec 58)
Security Forces, Hollandia (Dates Unknown)
Iraq/Kuwait Observation Group (Apr 91 - TBD)
Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (May 91 - TBD)
Advance Mission in Cambodia (Oct 91 - Mar 92)
Transitional Authority in Cambodia (Feb 92 - TBD)
Protection Force in Yugoslavia (Feb 92 - TBD)
Somalia (includes U.S. Quick Reaction Force) (24 Apr 92 - TBD)
Mission in Haiti (23 Sep 94 - TBD)
U.N. Special Service (6 Oct 97 - TBD)

c. The United Nations Medal is awarded by the U.N. to individuals who are actually assigned to U.N. operations. The U.N.'s practice is to use the same medallion for all awards, with a different suspension ribbon for each authorized operation.

d. If approved by SECDEF, U.S. personnel who meet the criteria may accept and wear the first U.N. medal, with unique suspension and service ribbon, for which they are eligible. To recognize subsequent awards for service in a different U.N. mission or action, the member will affix a bronze 3/16 inch service star to the first U.N. suspension and service ribbon awarded.

e. The United Nations Medal will normally be awarded by the Chief of the U.N. Mission to qualifying U.S. service members prior to their departure from service with the U.N. Questions regarding eligibility must be addressed directly to the U.N. Mission.
United Nations Service

a. Authorization. U.N. Geeral Assembly Resolution 438(V) of 12 December 1950.

b. Eligibility Requirements. Awarded to members of the U.S. Armed Forces who participated in the U.N. action in Korea and who are eligible for the Korean Service Medal.

US Antarctic Expedition

Authorized by Congress, September 24, 1945 (reference (jjjj)).

Awarded to members of the United States Antarctic Expedition of 1939 through 1941. Intended to recognize their contributions to the Nation in the field of polar expedition and science.
Vietnam Civil Action Unit Citation

a. Authorization. Awarded by the Chief of the Joint General Staff, Republic of Vietnam Armed Forces in two colors: Gallantry Cross Color with Palm and Frame (8 February 1962 to 28 March 1973) and Civil Actions First Class Color with Palm and Frame (1 January 1965 to 28 March 1973). SECNAV has specifically authorized certain units of the Naval service to accept and wear these awards. Such authorization is required in all cases for participation.

b. Eligibility Requirements. The ribbon bar with palm and frame are authorized for wear by personnel who served with certain cited units in Southeast Asia during the approved periods. Lists of eligible units are maintained by CNO and CMC.

c. In addition to those specific ships/units cited, all Navy and Marine Corps personnel who served "in country" Vietnam during the eligibility periods are eligible for both awards.
Vietnam Gallantry Cross Unit Citation

a. Authorization. Awarded by the Chief of the Joint General Staff, Republic of Vietnam Armed Forces in two colors: Gallantry Cross Color with Palm and Frame (8 February 1962 to 28 March 1973) and Civil Actions First Class Color with Palm and Frame (1 January 1965 to 28 March 1973). SECNAV has specifically authorized certain units of the Naval service to accept and wear these awards. Such authorization is required in all cases for participation.

b. Eligibility Requirements. The ribbon bar with palm and frame are authorized for wear by personnel who served with certain cited units in Southeast Asia during the approved periods. Lists of eligible units are maintained by CNO and CMC.

c. In addition to those specific ships/units cited, all Navy and Marine Corps personnel who served "in country" Vietnam during the eligibility periods are eligible for both awards.
Vietnam Gallantry Cross with Palm

Description: A Gold color medal, 1 3/8 inches in width, consisting of a wreath superimposed by two crossed scimitars saltirewise and a Maltese cross. In the center of the Maltese cross a disc with an outline of the country of Vietnam between two palm sprigs joined at the bottom and a scroll overall inscribed "QUOC-GIA LAO-TUONG" (Reward of the State).

2. Ribbon: The ribbon is 1 3/8 inches wide and consists of the following stripes: 3/8 inch Old Glory Red 67156; center 5/8 inch Golden Yellow 67104 with 16 strands of Old Glory Red; and 3/8 inch Old Glory Red.

3. Criteria: a. U.S. Military units were individually cited for award of the Republic of Vietnam (RVN) Gallantry Cross; however, the Vietnamese Government issued the award to all units subordinate to Military Assistance Command (MACV) during the period 8 February 1962 and 28 March 1973 and to U.S. Army Vietnam and its subordinate units for the period 20 July 1965 to 28 March 1973. This permits all personnel who served in Vietnam to wear the RVN Gallantry Cross unit citation.

b. The medal was awarded by the Vietnam Government to military personnel who have accomplished deeds of valor or displayed heroic conduct while fighting the enemy and have been cited individually at the regiment, brigade, division, corps, or armed forces level.

4. Components: The following are authorized components of the Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross:

a. Medal (regular size): Not issued. Available commercially.

b. Medal (miniature size): Not issued. Available commercially.

c. Ribbon: MIL-R-11589/173. Commercially available.

d. Streamers: Awarded to cited units. Inscription is as indicated on the unit's lineage and honors. Requisition in accordance with Chapter 9, Army Regulation (AR) 840-10.

e. Unit Award: Commercially available.

5. Background: a. The RVN Gallantry Cross was established by the Vietnam Government by Decree No. 74-b/Qt, dated 15 August 1950 and Decree No. 96/DQT/HC, dated 2 May 1952. Authorization for all U.S. Army personnel was confirmed in HDQA General Orders No. 8, dated 19 March 1974.

b. Only one emblem (with palm) will be worn regardless of the number of times the unit was awarded the RVN Gallantry Cross. The Army initially authorized the wear of a fourragere by letter AGPB-AC, Subject: Wear of Vietnamese Unit Awards by U.S. Army Personnel, dated 11 February 1969, for units which had been awarded the RVN Gallantry Cross with palm on two or more occasions. Department of the Army message 111030Z April 1974, established the policy that only one emblem was authorized, thus precluding the wear of the Vietnamese fourrageres

Vietnam Presidential Unit Citation

a. Authorization. Awarded by the President of the Republic of Vietnam, and approved by SECNAV for wear by eligible U.S. Navy personnel; no Marine Corps personnel are eligible for
this award.

b. Eligibility Requirements. Authorized for wear by personnel who served with certain units cited by the President of the Republic of Vietnam for humanitarian assistance during
August and September 1954 in the evacuation of civilians from North and Central Vietnam. A list of eligible units is maintained by CNO.

Vietnam Service

a. Authorization. E.O. 11231 of 8 July 1965.

b. Eligibility Requirements

(1) General

(a) Awarded to all members of the Armed Forces of the United States, serving at any time between 4 July 1965 and 28 March 1973, in the area defined under the Armed Forces
Expeditionary Medal (AFEM) for Vietnam.

(b) Awarded to all members of the Armed Forces of the United States in Thailand, Laos, or Cambodia or the air space thereof, between 4 July 1965 and 28 March 1973, and
serving in direct support of operations in Vietnam.

(c) Members qualified for the AFEM, by reason of service between 1 July 1958 and 3 July 1965, inclusive, in an area for which the Vietnam Service Medal (VSM) was subsequently
authorized, shall remain qualified for the AFEM. Upon application, any such member may elect the VSM in lieu of the AFEM for such service. However, no person shall be entitled to
both awards for service in an area for which the VSM has been authorized.

(d) Public Law 107-314 of 2 December 2002 stipulates that personnel who were awarded the AFEM for their participation in Operation FREQUENT WIND, during the period 29
to 30 April 1975, may elect the VSM in lieu of the AFEM for such service. However, no person shall be entitled to both awards for the same service.

(2) Personnel Eligible. Only personnel attached to ships or units, and who actually participated in the given operation, are eligible for the VSM. This includes personnel attached to a squadron or unit embarked in a ship during the period for which that ship is eligible. Members of rear echelons, transients, observers, and personnel assigned for short periods or TAD and training duty are normally not eligible for the award; however, consideration will be given in those instances where the local commander certifies a particular and significant contribution by an individual. Such certification should be submitted to CNO/CMC, via the commander who exercised operational control in the area involved.

(a) Shore Duty. Attached to or regularly serving, for one or more days, with an organization participating in or directly supporting military operations.

(b) Sea Duty. Attached to or regularly serving, for one or more days, aboard a naval vessel directly supporting military operations.

(c) Air Duty. Actual participation as a crew member in one or more aerial flights, directly supporting military operations.

(d) Temporary Duty. Service for 30 consecutive or 60 nonconsecutive days, except that the time limit may be waived for personnel participating in actual combat operations.

(3) Eligible Ships and Units. Ships and units present in the area merely for training purposes are not eligible for the award. Squadrons or units embarked in a ship, during the period for which that ship is listed as eligible, are eligible for the medal.

(4) Limitations. The medal shall be ,awarded only for operations for which no other U.S. campaign medal is approved. No person may be issued both the VSM and the AFEM for
service in Vietnam, and no person shall be entitled to more than one award of the VSM.

c. Engagement Stars. A 3/16 inch bronze star is authorized for wear on the suspension ribbon and ribbon bar of the VSM for each of the following campaigns:

I. Vietnam Advisory Campaign 15 Mar 62 to 07 Mar 65
11. Vietnam Defense Campaign 08 Mar 65 to 24 Dec 65
111. Vietnam Counter-offensive 25 Dec 65 to 30 Jun 66
IV. Vietnam Counter-offensive I1 01 Jul 66 to 31 May 67
V. Vietnam Counter-offensive I11 01 Jun 67 to 29 Jan 68
VI . Tet Counter-offensive 30 Jan 68 to 01 Apr 68
VII .Vietnam Counter-offensive IV 02 Apr 68 to 30 Jun 68
VIII. Vietnam Counter-offensive V 01 Jul 68 to 01 Nov 68
IX. Vietnam Counter-offensive VI 02 Nov 68 to 22 Feb 69
X. Tet 69 Counter-offensive 23 Feb 69 to 08 Jun 69
XI. Vietnam, Summer-Fall 1969 09 Jun 69 to 31 Oct 69
XII. Vietnam, Winter-Spring 1970 01 Nov 69 to 30 Apr 70
XIII. Sanctuary Counter-offensive 01 May 70 to 30 Jun 70
XIV. Vietnam Counter-offensive VII 01 Jul 70 to 30 Jun 71
xv . Consolidation I 01 Jul 71 to 30 Nov 71
XVI . Consolidation I1 01 Dec 71 to 29 Mar 72
XVII . Vietnam Ceasefire Campaign 30 Mar 72 to 28 Jan 73
XVIII. Operation FREQUENT WIND 29 Apr 75 to 30 Apr 75

World War II Victory

Authorized by Pub. L. No. 79-135 (1945), 59 Stat. 461, (reference (iiii)).

Awarded to all members of the Armed Forces of the United States or the government of the Philippine Islands who served on active duty at any time between December 7, 1941 and December 31, 1946.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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