Armed Force Service
|a. Authorization. E.O. 12985 of 11 January 1996.
b.Armed Forces Service Eligibility Requirements. Participate as members of U.S. military units, in a U.S. military operation deemed to be significant activity, and encounter no foreign armed opposition or imminent threat of hostile action. Personnel must be members of a unit participating in the operation for the delineated time period, within the designated area of eligibility (AOE), or meet one or more of the following criteria:
(1) Be engaged in direct support for 30 consecutive days in the AOE (or for the full period when an operation is of less than 30 days1 duration) or for 60 non-consecutive days, provided such support involves entering the AOE.
(2) Participate as a regularly assigned crewmember of an aircraft flying into, out of, within, or over the area of eligibility in support of the operation.
c. Qualifying Operations
(1) The Armed Forces Service Medal (AFSM) may be authorized for significant U.S. military activities for which no other U.S. campaign or service medal is appropriate, such as:
(a) Peacekeeping operations.
(b) Prolonged humanitarian operations.
(2) The AFSM may be awarded for U.S. military operations in direct support of the United Nations (UN) or the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and for operations of assistance to friendly foreign nations.
(1) The Armed Forces Service Medal (AFSM) provides recognition to participants who deploy to the designated AOE for the qualifying operation. Non- deployed or remotely located support units and individuals are not eligible for the Armed Forces Service Medal (AFSM). Such performance may be recognized by appropriate unit and/or individual decorations.
(2) Because the Armed Forces Service Medal (AFSM) may be awarded for a prolonged humanitarian operation, distinction between the Armed Forces Service Medal (AFSM) and Humanitarian Service Medal (HSM) must be maintained.
(a) The Humanitarian Service Medal (HSM) is an individual award, presented to individuals who are physically present at the site of immediate relief and who directly contribute to and influence the humanitarian action. The Humanitarian Service Medal (HSM) is only awarded for service during the identified period of immediate relief; eligibility for the Humanitarian Service Medal (HSM) terminates once the humanitarian action evolves into an established ongoing operation beyond the initial emergency condition.
(b) The Armed Forces Service Medal (AFSM) is a theater award, authorized for presentation to all participants who meet eligibility requirements established for a designated operation.
(c) For operations in which all deployed participants are awarded the Humanitarian Service Medal (HSM), and for which the period of immediate relief coincides with the duration of significant deployed operations, award of the Armed Forces Service Medal (AFSM) is not authorized.
(d) The Armed Forces Service Medal (AFSM) may be awarded for humanitarian operations for which some (or all) participants are awarded the Humanitarian Service Medal (HSM), when the operation continued beyond the period of immediate relief.
(1) Significant activity is defined as a United States military operation considered to be of such a high degree of scope, impact, and international significance as to warrant the permanent commemoration and recognition afforded by award of a campaign or service medal.
(2) Area of eligibility (AOE) is defined as follows:
(a) The foreign territory on which troops have actually landed or are present and specifically deployed for the operation.
(b) Adjacent water areas in which ships are operating, patrolling, or providing direct support of the operation.
(c) The air space above and adjacent to the area in which operations are being conducted.
(3) Direct support is defined as services being supplied to participating forces in the AOE by ground units, ships, and aircraft, provided it involves actually entering the designated AOE. This includes units, ships, and aircraft providing logistics, patrol, guard, reconnaissance, or other military support within the AOE. f. Limitations
(1) The Armed Forces Service Medal (AFSM) shall be awarded only for operations for which no other U.S. campaign or service medal is approved.
(2) For operations in which personnel of only one Military Service participate, the Armed Forces Service Medal (AFSM) shall be awarded only if there is no other suitable award available to that Service.
(3) The military service of the individual to whom the Armed Forces Service Medal (AFSM) is being awarded shall have been honorable.
(4) Award of the Armed Forces Service Medal (AFSM) is not authorized for participation in national or international exercises.
(5) The Armed Forces Service Medal (AFSM) shall not be awarded for NATO or UN operations not involving significant, concurrent U.S. military support operations.
g. Designation of Areas of Eligibility. The Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) designate U.S. military operations that qualify for the AFSM subsequent to 1 June 1992. The following operations have been designated as qualifying:
(1) Bosnia 01 Jul 92 to TBD
2) DENY FLIGHT 12 Apr 93 to 02 Dec 95
(3) PROVIDE PROMISE 02 Jun 92 to 15 Feb 96
(4 ) SHARP GUARD 15 Jun 93 to 20 Sep 96
( 5 ) JOINT ENDEAVOR 20 Nov 95 to 19 Dec 96
(6) PROVIDE COMFORT 01 Dec 95 to 31 Dec 96
( 7 ) JOINT GUARD 20 Dec 96 to 20 Jun 98
(8) UPHOLD DEMOCRACY (Haiti) 01 Apr 95 to 31 Jan 00
( 9 ) JOINT FORGE 21 Jun 98 to TBD Service members may be awarded the Armed Forces Expeditionary ~edal (AFEM) or AFSM, but not both. The AFEM may be awarded for service in Bosnia- Herzegovina, Croatia, the Adriatic Sea, and the respective air space. The AFSM may be awarded for service elsewhere in the former Republic of Yugoslavia, Hungary, and the respective air space.
(10) Hurricanes Katrina/Rita 27 Aug 05 to 27 Feb 06