a. Authorization. E.O. 10163 of 25 September 1950, as
amended by E.O. 10439 of 19 March 1953.
b. Armed Forces Reserve Medal Eligibility Requirements. Issued to any officer or
enlisted member of the Reserve Components of the Armed Forces of
the United States who completes a total of 10 years of honorable
satisfactory service, under the following conditions:
(1) The required 10 years must have been performed
within a period of 12 consecutive years.
(2) Such service shall not include service in a Regular
component of the Armed Forces; however, any period of time
during which Reserve service is interrupted by service in a
Regular component of the Armed Forces (including Naval Academy
Midshipman service) shall not be considered a break in the said
period of 12 consecutive years, but will not count as qualifying
(3) Any period during which Reserve service is
interrupted by one or more of the following will be excluded in
computing qualification time, but will not be considered as a
break in the period of 12 years:
(a) During tenure in office as any state official
chosen by the voters of the entire state, territory, or
(b) During tenure in office as a member of the
legislative body of the United States or of any state,
territory, or possession.
(c) While serving as judge of a court of record of
the United States, or of any state, territory, possession, or
the District of Columbia.
(4) Service in the Retired Reserve (with or without pay)
or on the Inactive Status List shall not count toward
(5) In order to achieve one year of honorable
satisfactory service, a Reservist must accumulate a total of at
least 50 retirement points during each anniversary year of
service subsequent to 30 June 1949. All honorable service prior
to 1 July 1949, active or inactive, as a member of a Reserve
component of the Armed Forces, is qualifying service. The 50
required points may be accumulated by any ombination of the
authorized methods, such as drills, active duty, or
correspondence courses. Membership points are also qualifying.
(6) After 1 July 1950, U.S. Navy Reserve Midshipmen are
not eligible since they are not in a position to earn 50 points
per anniversary year.
(7) Reserve Aviation Cadet time is considered to fulfill
the requirements for this medal subsequent to 1 July 1950, since
such Reservists are on active duty and thus earning the yearly
(8) Navy Reserve personnel who, prior to 12 September
1958, were eligible to receive the Naval Reserve Medal, may at
their election be awarded in lieu thereof the Armed Forces
Reserve Medal (AFRM), provided they have met the foregoing
requirements; however, both medals shall not be awarded for the
same period of service.
(9) Marine Corps Reserve personnel who, prior to 17
December 1965, were eligible to receive the Marine Corps Reserve
Ribbon, may at their election be awarded in lieu thereof the
Armed Forces Reserve Medal (AFRM), provided they have met the foregoing requirements;
however, both awards shall not be issued for the same period of
(10) Marine Corps Reserve personnel serving in an Active
Reserve (AR) billet may continue to count service for the award
for which they were qualifying upon entering the AR, but may not
commence a new period of qualifying service.
c. Hour Glass and M Devices
(1) Upon completion of the first 10-year period, a
bronze hourglass shall be awarded for the Armed Forces Reserve Medal (AFRM). Upon completion
of the second 10-year period, a silver hourglass shall be
awarded. Upon completion of the third 10-year period, a gold
hourglass shall be awarded. Upon completion of the fourth 10- year period, a gold hourglass followed by a bronze shall be
(2) Executive Order 13013 authorizes the 'M" device for
the Armed Forces Reserve Medal (AFRM) for participation in designated contingency operations.
Members must have been mobilized (as a unit or individual) and
performed active duty on or after 1 August 1990 as follows:
(a) The member was called to active service under
§12301(A), 12302, 12304, 12406 of Title 10 U.S.C.
(formerly §672(A), 673, 673(B), 3500, and 8500) or
Chapter 15 of Title 10 U.S.C.
(b) The member volunteered and served on active duty
in support of the designated operations. Designated operations
DESERT SHIELD/DESERT STORM (Persian Gulf War)
RESTORE HOPE (Somalia)
UPHOLD DEMOCRACY (Haiti
JOINT ENDEAVOR (Bosnia and surrounding areas)
DESERT FOX (Iraq)
JOINT FORGE (Bosnia and surrounding areas)
JOINT GUARD (Bosnia and surrounding areas)
ALLIED FORCE (Kosovo)
NOBLE EAGLE (U.S. Homeland Defense)
ENDURING FREEDOM (Afghanistan)
IRAQI FREEDOM (Iraq)
(c) Active Guard and Reserve members who receive
orders changing their current duty status (legal authority under
which they perform duty) or their duty location or assignment to
support a designated contingency operation are eligible for the
award of the "M" device. All components of the Navy Reserve
(i.e., Full Time Support (FTS), Active Duty for Special Work
(ADSW), One-Year Recall (OYR), and Canvasser Recruiter (CANREC))
are eligible for the 'Mu device, provided all other eligibility
requirements are met.
(d) Upon qualification, a bronze 'M" shall be awarded
for wear on the Armed Forces Reserve Medal (AFRM). A bronze numeral indicating the number of
the award shall be included after the initial award. Multiple
periods of service during a specific contingency/operation shall
count as only one 'M" device qualifying period (no additional
numerals). In addition, only one I'M" device shall be earned for each mobilization (set of orders) even if more than one
operation is supported. The ribbon is authorized upon award of
the "M" device, despite having served less than 10 years.
d. Appropriate Wear of the Ribbon
(1) Only one Armed Forces Reserve Medal (AFRM) is authorized for wear.
(2) Not entitled to 'M" device, entitled to AFRM: AFRM
with appropriate bronze/silver/gold hourglass centered on the
ribbon bar and suspension ribbon.
(3) Not otherwise entitled to AFRM, entitled to the 'M"
device: AFRM worn with 'M" centered on the ribbon bar and
(4) Entitled to "MN device and AFRM: "M" device is
centered and appropriate hourglass is to wearer's right on the
ribbon bar and suspension ribbon.
(5) Entitled to numerous 'M" devices and AFRM: 'M" is
centered, appropriate hour glass to wearer's right, and bronze
Arabic numeral to the wearer's left on the ribbon bar and
suspension ribbon. Numerals begin with the second award.
e. Armed Forces Reserve Medal Awarding Authority. Commanding officers determine
eligibility from service records, affidavits or upon completion
of eligibility requirements at the current command, and make
appropriate service record entries for enlisted personnel and
issue letters of eligibility for officers. Questions regarding
eligibility shall be addressed via the chain of command to CNO
(DNS-35) or CMC (MMMA)
, as appropriate.
Bronze Numberals, Bronze M, Bronze Hourglass(10 years), Silver Hourglass(20 years), Gold Hourglass(30 years)